How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisner, J. A. (2007). Water vapour and hydrogen in the terrestrial-planet-forming region of a protoplanetary disk. Nature 447, 562–564.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allsop, D. J., and West, S. A. (2003). Life history: changing sex at the same relative body size. Nature 425, 783–784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom, J. D., Gong, L. I., and Baltimore, D. (2010). Permissive secondary mutations enable the evolution of influenza oseltamivir resistance. Science 328, 1272–1275.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
IceCube Collaboration, Fermi-LAT, MAGIC, AGILE, ASAS-SN, HAWC, et al. (2018). Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stolarski, T. A., and Tobe, S. (2000). Rolling Contacts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Friedman, M. (2011). Calculus Light. , ed. A. Kandel Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Machado, F., Santos, M., Almeida, V., and Guedes, D. (2010). “Characterizing Mobility and Contact Networks in Virtual Worlds,” in Facets of Virtual Environments: First International Conference, FaVE 2009, Berlin, Germany, July 27-29, 2009, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering., eds. F. Lehmann-Grube and J. Sablatnig (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 44–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). We Need To Stop Australia’s Genetic Heritage From Being Taken Overseas. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970). Review of Training Grant Awarded to the University of California at Los Angeles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, Q. (2013). East Asian backpacker tourists’ motivations for participating in backpacking.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). A Washington Monument To Pitching’s Fickle Nature. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisner, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Allsop and West, 2003; Eisner, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allsop and West, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (IceCube Collaboration et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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