How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P. (2005). Cell biology: ion channels and stem cells. Nature 438, 699–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schuchmann, K., and Müller, V. (2013). Direct and reversible hydrogenation of CO2 to formate by a bacterial carbon dioxide reductase. Science 342, 1382–1385.
A journal article with 3 authors
Donoso, M., Collins, A. G. E., and Koechlin, E. (2014). Human cognition. Foundations of human reasoning in the prefrontal cortex. Science 344, 1481–1486.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dollar, G. L., Weber, U., Mlodzik, M., and Sokol, S. Y. (2005). Regulation of Lethal giant larvae by Dishevelled. Nature 437, 1376–1380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jensen, R. C. (2012). Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gatzoulis, M. A. (2007). Cardiopatie congenite dell’adulto: Una guida pratica. , eds. J. Therrien, L. Swan, and G. A. Pantely Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boehlke, J., and Osińska, M. (2016). “Examples of Experiments in Macroeconomics,” in Selected Issues in Experimental Economics: Proceedings of the 2015 Computational Methods in Experimental Economics (CMEE) Conference Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics., eds. K. Nermend and M. Łatuszyńska (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Men Cite Themselves Way More Than Women In Studies. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980). Public Issues Pertaining to Science and Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu, P. (2017). Advanced Nonlinear Control and Estimation Methods for AC Power Generation Systems.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2010). Den of Antiquities. New York Times, BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Moore, 2005; Schuchmann and Müller, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schuchmann and Müller, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dollar et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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