How to format your references using the Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamamoto, A. Crowded Universities Cramp More than Just Students’ Style. Nature 2000, 404, 13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abraham, R.T.; Tibbetts, R.S. Cell Biology. Guiding ATM to Broken DNA. Science 2005, 308, 510–511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertsinidis, A.; Zhang, Y.; Chu, S. Subnanometre Single-Molecule Localization, Registration and Distance Measurements. Nature 2010, 466, 647–651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Albrecht, S.; Reffert, S.; Snellen, I.A.G.; Winn, J.N. Misaligned Spin and Orbital Axes Cause the Anomalous Precession of DI Herculis. Nature 2009, 461, 373–376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamperti, J.W. Probability: A Survey of the Mathematical Theory; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 1996; ISBN 9781118150443.
An edited book
Approximation and Computation: In Honor of Gradimir V. Milovanović; Gautschi, W., Mastroianni, G., Rassias, T.M., Eds.; Springer Optimization and Its Applications; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; Vol. 42; ISBN 9781441965936.
A chapter in an edited book
Dedysh, S.N.; Kulichevskaya, I.S. Acidophilic Planctomycetes: Expanding the Horizons of New Planctomycete Diversity. In Planctomycetes: Cell Structure, Origins and Biology; Fuerst, J.A., Ed.; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2013; pp. 125–139 ISBN 9781627035019.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Resources.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Galapagos Eruption Threatens Rare Iguanas Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Army Medium Trucks: Information on Delivery Delays and Corrosion Problems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tate, K.J. Utilizing Canines in a Public School Setting: A Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Someone Ought To Make a Movie. New York Times 2011, SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResources
ISSN (online)2079-9276

Other styles