How to format your references using the Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. Scottish science is ready to go it alone. Nature 2013, 493, 579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boetius, A.; Joye, S. Ecology. Thriving in salt. Science 2009, 324, 1523–1525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohn, A.; Fehr, E.; Maréchal, M.A. Business culture and dishonesty in the banking industry. Nature 2014, 516, 86–89.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bouwens, R.J.; Illingworth, G.D.; Labbe, I.; Oesch, P.A.; Trenti, M.; Carollo, C.M.; van Dokkum, P.G.; Franx, M.; Stiavelli, M.; González, V.; et al. A candidate redshift z ≈ 10 galaxy and rapid changes in that population at an age of 500 Myr. Nature 2011, 469, 504–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ezra, D.; Collie, B.; Smith, M.X. The Retirement Plan Solution; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9781118266878.
An edited book
Agricultural Medicine: A Practical Guide; Lessenger, J.E., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2006; ISBN 9780387254258.
A chapter in an edited book
Aseeva, R.; Serkov, B.; Sivenkov, A. Heat Release Characteristics and Combustion Heat of Timber. In Fire Behavior and Fire Protection in Timber Buildings; Serkov, B., Sivenkov, A., Eds.; Springer Series in Wood Science; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp. 119–137 ISBN 9789400774599.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Resources.

Blog post
Davis, J. Nope, Your Intelligence Probably Isn’t Solely Inherited From Your Mother Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Attrition of Scientists and Engineers at Seven Agencies; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1984;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan, L.G. Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E. Shaky Economy Dims Russian Prospects. New York Times 2008, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResources
ISSN (online)2079-9276

Other styles