How to format your references using the Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schindler, D. Tar sands need solid science. Nature 2010, 468, 499–501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scruggs, J.; Jacob, P. Engineering. Harvesting ocean wave energy. Science 2009, 323, 1176–1178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nisbet, E.G.; Dlugokencky, E.J.; Bousquet, P. Atmospheric science. Methane on the rise--again. Science 2014, 343, 493–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hughes, T.P.; Kerry, J.T.; Baird, A.H.; Connolly, S.R.; Dietzel, A.; Eakin, C.M.; Heron, S.F.; Hoey, A.S.; Hoogenboom, M.O.; Liu, G.; et al. Global warming transforms coral reef assemblages. Nature 2018, 556, 492–496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schrör, K. Acetylsalicylic Acid; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2016; ISBN 9783527685059.
An edited book
Cross Regional Trade Agreements: Understanding Permeated Regionalism in East Asia; Katada, S.N., Solís, M., Eds.; The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; ISBN 9783540793267.
A chapter in an edited book
Surján, P.R.; Szabados, Á. Perturbative Approximations to Avoid Matrix Diagonalization. In Linear-Scaling Techniques in Computational Chemistry and Physics: Methods and Applications; Zalesny, R., Papadopoulos, M.G., Mezey, P.G., Leszczynski, J., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; pp. 83–95 ISBN 9789048128525.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How Do Archaeologists Discover Forgotten Ancient Monuments? (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation Safety: System Safety Approach Needs Further Integration into FAA’s Oversight of Airlines; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wonnacott, C.J. Ambiguity in Theory and Neutrality in Practice: The Allied Intervention and the American Expeditionary Force in Siberia. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J.; Goldman, R. Bomb Blast Is Set Off At Train Hub In Brussels. New York Times 2017, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResources
ISSN (online)2079-9276

Other styles