How to format your references using the Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff, D. NUCLEAR SECURITY: Los Alamos Under Siege After Secrets Recovered. Science 2000, 288, 2109a–10a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nash, J.D.; Moum, J.N. River Plumes as a Source of Large-Amplitude Internal Waves in the Coastal Ocean. Nature 2005, 437, 400–403.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cossairt, B.M.; Diawara, M.-C.; Cummins, C.C. Facile Synthesis of AsP3. Science 2009, 323, 602.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McDonald, D.; Wu, L.; Bohks, S.M.; KewalRamani, V.N.; Unutmaz, D.; Hope, T.J. Recruitment of HIV and Its Receptors to Dendritic Cell-T Cell Junctions. Science 2003, 300, 1295–1297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brunet, R. Sustainable Geography; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118557846.
An edited book
Morandi, C. From Smart City to Smart Region: Digital Services for an Internet of Places; Rolando, A., Di Vita, S., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319173375.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra, C.; Andreone, A. Imaging of NETs. In PET/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors; Ambrosini, V., Fanti, S., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 19–24 ISBN 9783319292021.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Resources.

Blog post
Andrew, D. From Dark Gravity To Phantom Energy: What’s Driving The Expansion Of The Universe? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Higher Education: Students Have Increased Borrowing and Working to Help Pay Higher Tuitions; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehta, V. Sparta in the Enlightenment. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B.; Goldstein, M.; Corkery, M. Wells Fargo Subpoenaed in Inquiry of Accounts. New York Times 2016, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResources
ISSN (online)2079-9276

Other styles