How to format your references using the Dentistry Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentistry Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. Fast Track: Charting the Course of Your Postdoc. Nature 2004, 431, 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lukacs-Kornek, V.; Turley, S.J. Immunology. Chaperone Puts the Brakes On. Science 2008, 322, 1640–1641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsubogo, T.; Oyamada, H.; Kobayashi, S. Multistep Continuous-Flow Synthesis of (R)- and (S)-Rolipram Using Heterogeneous Catalysts. Nature 2015, 520, 329–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miura, H.; Satoh, M.; Nasuno, T.; Noda, A.T.; Oouchi, K. A Madden-Julian Oscillation Event Realistically Simulated by a Global Cloud-Resolving Model. Science 2007, 318, 1763–1765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118178560.
An edited book
Handbook of Autopsy Practice; Waters, B.L., Ed.; Fourth Edition.; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9781588298416.
A chapter in an edited book
Tanas, C.; Herrera-Joancomartí, J. Crowdsensing Simulation Using Ns-3. In Citizen in Sensor Networks: Second International Workshop, CitiSens 2013, Barcelona, Spain, September 19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers; Nin, J., Villatoro, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 47–58 ISBN 9783319041773.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentistry Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. Your Genes May Decide Whether Or Not Ebola Would Kill You Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Metropolitan Area Acquisition (MAA) Implementation Issues; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holler, J.C. A Phenomenological Case Study of Finding Meaning through the Developmental Nature of a Doctoral Program in Organization Change. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Supreme Court Reconsiders Pivotal Louisiana Case on Racial Selection of Juries. New York Times 2007, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDentistry Journal
AbbreviationDent. J.
ISSN (online)2304-6767

Other styles