How to format your references using the Dentistry Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentistry Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hambäck, P.A. Ecology. A green or a prickly world? Science 2010, 327, 1583–1584.
A journal article with 2 authors
State, M.W.; Šestan, N. Neuroscience. The emerging biology of autism spectrum disorders. Science 2012, 337, 1301–1303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Usdin, M.; Guillerm, M.; Chirac, P. Neglected tests for neglected patients. Nature 2006, 441, 283–284.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, L.; Thomas, R.M.; Suzuki, H.; De Brabander, J.K.; Wang, X.; Harran, P.G. A small molecule Smac mimic potentiates TRAIL- and TNFalpha-mediated cell death. Science 2004, 305, 1471–1474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, R. Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader; Jossey-Bass: San Francisco, CA, USA, 2010; ISBN 9781118269428.
An edited book
The Formation and Disruption of Black Hole Jets; Contopoulos, I., Gabuzda, D., Kylafis, N., Eds.; Astrophysics and Space Science Library; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 414; ISBN 9783319103556.
A chapter in an edited book
Auguste, P.; Vincent, F.; Gabbiani, G.; Desmoulière, A. The fibroblast and myofibroblast in inflammatory angiogenesis. In Angiogenesis in Inflammation: Mechanisms and Clinical Correlates; Seed, M.P., Walsh, D.A., Eds.; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2008; pp. 59–82 ISBN 9783764376260.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentistry Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Why Cold Viruses Don’t Like It Warm (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Arthur Schoenhaut; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luce, G.R. British viola repertoire of the first half of the twentieth century. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. Deal Is Said to Be Close in Detroit’s Bankruptcy. New York Times 2014, A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDentistry Journal
AbbreviationDent. J.
ISSN (online)2304-6767

Other styles