How to format your references using the Dentistry Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentistry Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vlieg, E. Materials Science. Complexity from Simplicity. Science 2013, 340, 822–823.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dohoney, K.M.; Gelles, J. Chi-Sequence Recognition and DNA Translocation by Single RecBCD Helicase/Nuclease Molecules. Nature 2001, 409, 370–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari, T.; Luciani, J.-F.; Aly, J.-J. Small-Scale Dynamo Magnetism as the Driver for Heating the Solar Atmosphere. Nature 2015, 522, 188–191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fox, J.E.; Starcevic, M.; Kow, K.Y.; Burow, M.E.; McLachlan, J.A. Nitrogen Fixation. Endocrine Disrupters and Flavonoid Signalling. Nature 2001, 413, 128–129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781118795194.
An edited book
Models of Computation in Context: 7th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2011, Sofia, Bulgaria, June 27 - July 2, 2011. Proceedings; Löwe, B., Normann, D., Soskov, I., Soskova, A., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 6735; ISBN 9783642218743.
A chapter in an edited book
Wheelock, C.E.; Phillips, B.M.; Anderson, B.S.; Miller, J.L.; Miller, M.J.; Hammock, B.D. Applications of Carboxylesterase Activity in Environmental Monitoring and Toxicity Identification Evaluations (TIEs). In Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; Whitacre, D.M., Ed.; Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; Springer: New York, NY, 2008; pp. 117–178 ISBN 9780387770291.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentistry Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Women Scientists You Need To Know Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Services for the Elderly: Longstanding Transportation Problems Need More Federal Attention; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coulibaly, I. Influence of Gender and Age on the Performance of a PBIS Program: Quantitative Analysis of Secondary Data from a Midwestern Suburban Public Middle School. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J.; Hale, M.; Genzlinger, N.; Lyons, M. An Hour, or Less, That Stood Out. New York Times 2016, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDentistry Journal
AbbreviationDent. J.
ISSN (online)2304-6767

Other styles