How to format your references using the Dentistry Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentistry Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. Rising star crashes back to Earth. Nature 2002, 419, 420–421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gestwicki, J.E.; Kiessling, L.L. Inter-receptor communication through arrays of bacterial chemoreceptors. Nature 2002, 415, 81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raty, J.-Y.; Schwegler, E.; Bonev, S.A. Electronic and structural transitions in dense liquid sodium. Nature 2007, 449, 448–451.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yao, K.; Qiu, S.; Wang, Y.V.; Park, S.J.H.; Mohns, E.J.; Mehta, B.; Liu, X.; Chang, B.; Zenisek, D.; Crair, M.C.; et al. Restoration of vision after de novo genesis of rod photoreceptors in mammalian retinas. Nature 2018, 560, 484–488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gabler, J. Sociology for Dummies®; Wiley Publishing, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118269237.
An edited book
Baranyi, P. Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom); Csapo, A., Sallai, G., Eds.; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319196077.
A chapter in an edited book
Stroo, H.F.; Norris, R.D. Alternatives For In Situ Bioremediation Of Perchlorate. In In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater; Borden, R.C., Coates, J.D., Cox, E.E., Downey, D.C., Evans, P.J., Hatzinger, P.B., Henry, B.M., Jackson, W.A., Krug, T.A., Lieberman, M.T., Loehr, R.C., Norris, R.D., Nzengung, V.A., Perlmutter, M.W., Schaefer, C.E., Stroo, H.F., Ward, C.H., Winstead, C.J., Wolfe, C., Stroo, H.F., Ward, C.H., Eds.; SERDP/ESTCP Environmental Remediation Technology; Springer: New York, NY, 2009; pp. 79–90 ISBN 9780387849201.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentistry Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. CT Scan Reveals Hernia In Korean Mummy Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Corps of Engineers: Effects of Restrictions on Corps’ Hopper Dredges Should Be Comprehensively Analyzed; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forshey, T.M. Neural basis of the neurological diagnostic power of vibrotactile sensory testing. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina: Chapel Hill, NC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Chechen Issues New Threat. New York Times 2004, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDentistry Journal
AbbreviationDent. J.
ISSN (online)2304-6767

Other styles