How to format your references using the Dentistry Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentistry Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett, A.J. Quantum Liquids. Science 2008, 319, 1203–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reilly, S.M.; White, T.D. Hypaxial Motor Patterns and the Function of Epipubic Bones in Primitive Mammals. Science 2003, 299, 400–402.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thorne, S.H.; Negrin, R.S.; Contag, C.H. Synergistic Antitumor Effects of Immune Cell-Viral Biotherapy. Science 2006, 311, 1780–1784.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gao, J.; Zhong, J.; Bai, L.; Liu, J.; Zhao, G.; Sun, X. Revealing the Role of Catalysts in Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers by Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3606.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spatschek, K.-H. High Temperature Plasmas; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2011; ISBN 9783527638116.
An edited book
Pediatric CNS Tumors; Gupta, N., Banerjee, A., Haas-Kogan, D., Eds.; Pediatric Oncology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; ISBN 9783540879763.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohr, D.; Zachmann, G. Silhouette Area Based Similarity Measure for Template Matching in Constant Time. In Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects: 6th International Conference, AMDO 2010, Port d’Andratx, Mallorca, Spain, July 7-9, 2010. Proceedings; Perales, F.J., Fisher, R.B., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 43–54 ISBN 9783642140600.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentistry Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Ancient New Genus Of Coelacanth Discovered Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Acquisition of Compact and Subcompact Passenger Vehicles To Conserve Fuel; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Momcheva, I.G. Environments of Strong Gravitational Lenses. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. Nation’s ‘First Suburb’ Aims to Be Most ‘Green.’ New York Times 2007, 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDentistry Journal
AbbreviationDent. J.
ISSN (online)2304-6767

Other styles