How to format your references using the Dentistry Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentistry Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacobs, M. A Career Is like a Love Affair. Science 2015, 348, 150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartley, R.R.; Behringer, R.P. Logarithmic Rate Dependence of Force Networks in Sheared Granular Materials. Nature 2003, 421, 928–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugrue, L.P.; Corrado, G.S.; Newsome, W.T. Matching Behavior and the Representation of Value in the Parietal Cortex. Science 2004, 304, 1782–1787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miller, S.E.; Collins, B.M.; McCoy, A.J.; Robinson, M.S.; Owen, D.J. A SNARE-Adaptor Interaction Is a New Mode of Cargo Recognition in Clathrin-Coated Vesicles. Nature 2007, 450, 570–574.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms TMS 2014 Supplemental Proceedings; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781118889879.
An edited book
Essentials of Regional Anesthesia; Kaye, A.D., Urman, R.D., Vadivelu, N., Eds.; 1st ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; ISBN 9781461410126.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay, S.; Saha, S. Clustering Algorithms. In Unsupervised Classification: Similarity Measures, Classical and Metaheuristic Approaches, and Applications; Saha, S., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 75–92 ISBN 9783642324505.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentistry Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T. A Jaguar Was Shot Dead Shortly After An Olympic Ceremony In Brazil Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Financing: Challenges in Meeting Long-Term Funding Needs for FAA, Amtrak, and the Nation’s Highways; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grannis, K.S. Secular Spiritual Quests in Modern American Novels, 1922–1960. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. In Suit, Ex-Employee Says Drug-Test Firm Mishandled Result. New York Times 2014, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDentistry Journal
AbbreviationDent. J.
ISSN (online)2304-6767

Other styles