How to format your references using the Microelectronics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microelectronics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Deschamps, Developmental biology. Hox genes in the limb: a play in two acts, Science. 304 (2004) 1610–1611.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Deng, M. Hochstrasser, Spatially regulated ubiquitin ligation by an ER/nuclear membrane ligase, Nature. 443 (2006) 827–831.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Kasuya, J.-I. Sakabe, Y. Tokura, Potential application of in vivo imaging of impaired lymphatic duct to evaluate the severity of pressure ulcer in mouse model, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4173.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Johansson, L. Hall, S. Sikström, A. Olsson, Failure to detect mismatches between intention and outcome in a simple decision task, Science. 310 (2005) 116–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.J. Bonk, The World is Open, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2011.
An edited book
P.S. Andrews, J. Timmis, N.D.L. Owens, U. Aickelin, E. Hart, A. Hone, A.M. Tyrrell, eds., Artificial Immune Systems: 8th International Conference, ICARIS 2009, York, UK, August 9-12, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Uesugi, Interfirm Networks in Manufacturing Industry Agglomerations in Japan: Evidence from Survey Data, in: T. Watanabe, I. Uesugi, A. Ono (Eds.), The Economics of Interfirm Networks, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2015: pp. 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microelectronics Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, We Have 15 Years To Halt Biodiversity Loss, Can It Be Done?, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Comments on Proposed FPR Subpart, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Banuelos, Deficit irrigation of bermudagrass and seashore paspalum for golf course turf, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kelly, CHILDREN’S BOOKS, New York Times. (1993) 717.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroelectronics Journal
ISSN (print)0026-2692
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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