How to format your references using the Microelectronics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microelectronics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Allshire, Molecular biology. RNAi and heterochromatin--a hushed-up affair, Science. 297 (2002) 1818–1819.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.A. Ischenko, M.K. Saparbaev, Alternative nucleotide incision repair pathway for oxidative DNA damage, Nature. 415 (2002) 183–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.L. Stewart, K.J. Roux, B. Burke, Blurring the boundary: the nuclear envelope extends its reach, Science. 318 (2007) 1408–1412.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Masuno, C. Moriyoshi, T. Mizoguchi, T. Okajima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Arai, J. Yu, H. Inoue, Y. Watanabe, Stabilization of metastable ferroelectric Ba₁-xCaxTi₂O₅ by breaking Ca-site selectivity via crystallization from glass, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Woolley, Low Impact Building, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
D. Finkel, C.A. Reynolds, eds., Behavior Genetics of Cognition Across the Lifespan, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Aptekar, D. Stoecklin, Research with Children in Street Situations, in: D. Stoecklin (Ed.), Street Children and Homeless Youth: A Cross-Cultural Perspective, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 121–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microelectronics Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Light Therapy Could One Day Be Used To Treat Epilepsy, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, IRS’ ADP Budget: Funds for a Suspended Payroll Project Need Further Justification, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Alvarez, Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, First Lady and Top Official Visit, Both Named Hillary Clinton, New York Times. (1993) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroelectronics Journal
ISSN (print)0026-2692
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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