How to format your references using the Microelectronics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microelectronics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O. Smithies, Science brick by brick, Nature. 467 (2010) S6.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Rauschenberger, S. Yantis, Masking unveils pre-amodal completion representation in visual search, Nature. 410 (2001) 369–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Esteban, L. Mayoral, D. Ray, Ethnicity and conflict: theory and facts, Science. 336 (2012) 858–865.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Huo, S. Yang, Z. Wei, S.-S. Li, J.-B. Xia, J. Li, Photoresponsive and gas sensing field-effect transistors based on multilayer WS₂ nanoflakes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.M. Peinado, J.C. Segura, Speech Recognition Over Digital Channels, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
N. Pachler, Mobile Learning: Structures, Agency, Practices, 1st ed., Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Chen, A. Linderholt, T. Abrahamsson, Frequency Response Calculations of a Nonlinear Structure a Comparison of Numerical Methods, in: G. Kerschen (Ed.), Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microelectronics Journal.

Blog post
J. Davis, Progress Made In Creating Babies With Three Biological Parents, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Corps of Engineers: Extent and Status of Expedited Permit Processing for Public-Utility Companies, Natural Gas Companies, and Railroad Carriers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.M. Engel, Proform-antecedent linking in listeners with language impairments and unimpaired listeners, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J.O. Murphy, When the Loch Ness Monster Was in The Times, New York Times. (2016) C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroelectronics Journal
ISSN (print)0026-2692
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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