How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Nusse, Cell signalling: Disarming Wnt, Nature. 519 (2015) 163–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.D. Walker, D.R. Burton, Toward an AIDS vaccine, Science. 320 (2008) 760–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.J. Sharp, G.C. Rogers, J.M. Scholey, Microtubule motors in mitosis, Nature. 407 (2000) 41–47.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Barbeau, E.L. Rue, K.W. Bruland, A. Butler, Photochemical cycling of iron in the surface ocean mediated by microbial iron(III)-binding ligands, Nature. 413 (2001) 409–413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS, Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
C.H. Sherman, Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound, Springer, New York, NY, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
M.A. Evans, J. Saint-Aubin, An Eye for Print: Child and Adult Attention to Print During Shared Book Reading, in: D. Aram, O. Korat (Eds.), Literacy Development and Enhancement Across Orthographies and Cultures, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports.

Blog post
B. Taub, Rice And Wheat Production Use More Water Than All Other Crops Put Together, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Geographic Information System: Forest Service Not Ready to Acquire Nationwide System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.A. Archibald, Regionalizing competitive talent: An exploratory study of the role of human capital management in the context of economic integration and labor mobility, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.S. Park, Endangered Daughters, New York Times. (2013) BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Metab. Rep.
ISSN (print)2214-4269
Molecular Biology

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