How to format your references using the Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
X. Cortada, Genome-sequencing anniversary. Painting the genome for the public, Science. 331 (2011) 548.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Rappuoli, A. Aderem, A 2020 vision for vaccines against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria, Nature. 473 (2011) 463–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Masle, S.R. Gilmore, G.D. Farquhar, The ERECTA gene regulates plant transpiration efficiency in Arabidopsis, Nature. 436 (2005) 866–870.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Aso, D. Kan, Y. Shimakawa, H. Kurata, Atomic level observation of octahedral distortions at the perovskite oxide heterointerface, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. McCormick, J. Salcedo, SPSS reg Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, 2017.
An edited book
J. Väänänen, Å. Hirvonen, R. de Queiroz, eds., Logic, Language, Information, and Computation: 23rd International Workshop, WoLLIC 2016, Puebla, Mexico, August 16-19th, 2016. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Gildersleeve, Anxious Affinities: Gender and Déréliction in Sarah Waters’s Neo-Forties Novels, in: A. Jones, C. O’Callaghan (Eds.), Sarah Waters and Contemporary Feminisms, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016: pp. 81–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports.

Blog post
T. Hale, This Spray-On Coating Makes Any Object Unbelievably Black, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Higher Education: Approaches to Attract and Fund International Students in the United States and Abroad, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.S. Schreiber, Discursive constructions of decline: Narratives of illness and financial stress among residents in assisted living, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, Schoolhouse Blues, New York Times. (2006) 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
AbbreviationMol. Genet. Metab. Rep.
ISSN (print)2214-4269
Molecular Biology

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