How to format your references using the Earth and Planetary Science Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth and Planetary Science Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hubler, G.K., 2000. Fluff balls of fire. Nature 403, 487–488.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S.K., Ahn, C.W., 2014. Probing of 2 dimensional confinement-induced structural transitions in amorphous oxide thin film. Sci. Rep. 4, 4200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fang, Y., Seong, N.-H., Dlott, D.D., 2008. Measurement of the distribution of site enhancements in surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Science 321, 388–392.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barnes, T.D., Kubota, Y., Hu, D., Jin, D.Z., Graybiel, A.M., 2005. Activity of striatal neurons reflects dynamic encoding and recoding of procedural memories. Nature 437, 1158–1161.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doerfler, W., 2007. Foreign DNA in Mammalian Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Machado, J.A.T., 2011. Nonlinear and Complex Dynamics: Applications in Physical, Biological, and Financial Systems. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Crea, F., De Stefano, C., Foti, C., Lando, G., Milea, D., Sammartano, S., 2016. Alkali Metal Ion Complexes with Phosphates, Nucleotides, Amino Acids, and Related Ligands of Biological Relevance. Their Properties in Solution, in: Sigel, A., Sigel, H., Sigel, R.K.O. (Eds.), The Alkali Metal Ions: Their Role for Life, Metal Ions in Life Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 133–166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How The Science Of Human Behavior Is Beginning To Reshape The US Government [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares, Service, and Safety at Small, Medium-Sized, and Large Communities (No. RCED-96-79). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zurheide, P.K., 2009. Hydromorphology of anomalous bright loamy soils on the mid-Atlantic coastal plain (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Fox News Rivals See A Chance To Move In. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hubler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hubler, 2000; Lee and Ahn, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Ahn, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Barnes et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth and Planetary Science Letters
AbbreviationEarth Planet. Sci. Lett.
ISSN (print)0012-821X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Space and Planetary Science

Other styles