How to format your references using the Earth and Planetary Science Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth and Planetary Science Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabitz, H., 2003. Chemistry. Shaped laser pulses as reagents. Science 299, 525–527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalnay, E., Cai, M., 2003. Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature 423, 528–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawloski, J.R., Hess, D.T., Stamler, J.S., 2001. Export by red blood cells of nitric oxide bioactivity. Nature 409, 622–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kato, H.E., Kim, Y.S., Paggi, J.M., Evans, K.E., Allen, W.E., Richardson, C., Inoue, K., Ito, S., Ramakrishnan, C., Fenno, L.E., Yamashita, K., Hilger, D., Lee, S.Y., Berndt, A., Shen, K., Kandori, H., Dror, R.O., Kobilka, B.K., Deisseroth, K., 2018. Structural mechanisms of selectivity and gating in anion channelrhodopsins. Nature 561, 349–354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes, P., 2008. The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sakai, K. (Ed.), 2005. Terahertz Optoelectronics, Topics in Applied Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
van der Weide, T.L., Dignum, F., Meyer, J.-J.C., Prakken, H., Vreeswijk, G.A.W., 2011. Arguing about Preferences and Decisions, in: McBurney, P., Rahwan, I., Parsons, S. (Eds.), Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: 7th International Workshop, ArgMAS 2010 Toronto, ON, Canada, May 10, 2010 Revised, Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 68–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Philae Has Been Found! ESA Tracks Down Lander On Comet 67P In Mission’s “Final Hour” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Centralized Subsystem for Paying Officers in the Commissioned Corps of the Public Health Service (No. FGMSD-77-23). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quiros, P.Q., 2014. SNR estimation and jamming detection techniques using wavelets (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, R., Chan, S., 2017. Fatal Concert Blast Is Called Terror. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rabitz, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kalnay and Cai, 2003; Rabitz, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalnay and Cai, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kato et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth and Planetary Science Letters
AbbreviationEarth Planet. Sci. Lett.
ISSN (print)0012-821X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Space and Planetary Science

Other styles