How to format your references using the Earth and Planetary Science Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth and Planetary Science Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reimer, P.J., 2001. Archaeology. A new twist in the radiocarbon tale. Science 294, 2494–2495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheppard, S.S., Trujillo, C.A., 2010. Detection of a trailing (L5) Neptune Trojan. Science 329, 1304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niethammer, P., Bastiaens, P., Karsenti, E., 2004. Stathmin-tubulin interaction gradients in motile and mitotic cells. Science 303, 1862–1866.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lehmann, W., Skupin, H., Tolksdorf, C., Gebhard, E., Zentel, R., Krüger, P., Lösche, M., Kremer, F., 2001. Giant lateral electrostriction in ferroelectric liquid-crystalline elastomers. Nature 410, 447–450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gonzalez, R., Qi, F., Huang, B., 2016. Process Control System Fault Diagnosis: A Bayesian Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jiang, X., Hornegger, J., Koch, R. (Eds.), 2014. Pattern Recognition: 36th German Conference, GCPR 2014, Münster, Germany, September 2-5, 2014, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kilian, T., Liesenfeld, M., 2014. What is so Difficult about Self-Scanning? A Comparative Study of three Self-Service Technologies for Retailing, in: Schramm-Klein, H., Foscht, T., Morschett, D., Rudolph, T., Schnedlitz, P., Swoboda, B. (Eds.), European Retail Research: 2013, Volume 27, Issue I, European Retail Research. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Watch This Stingray “Inhale” A Spider Crab [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Programs for Land-Grant Schools (No. HEHS-96-91R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matta Veera Venkata, S., 2015. Ensuring security and authentication using zero knowledge protocol in wireless sensor network applications (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W.K., Kaplan, T., 2015. U.S. Says Assembly Speaker Took Millions in Payoffs, Abusing Office. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reimer, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Reimer, 2001; Sheppard and Trujillo, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheppard and Trujillo, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lehmann et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth and Planetary Science Letters
AbbreviationEarth Planet. Sci. Lett.
ISSN (print)0012-821X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Space and Planetary Science

Other styles