How to format your references using the Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuchs, E., 2007. Scratching the surface of skin development. Nature 445, 834–842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Excoffier, L., Hamilton, G., 2003. Comment on “Genetic structure of human populations.” Science 300, 1877; author reply 1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nozaki, T., Kato, Y., Suzuki, K., 2013. Late Jurassic ocean anoxic event: evidence from voluminous sulphide deposition and preservation in the Panthalassa. Sci. Rep. 3, 1889.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, X., Monks, B., Ge, Q., Birnbaum, M.J., 2007. Akt/PKB regulates hepatic metabolism by directly inhibiting PGC-1alpha transcription coactivator. Nature 447, 1012–1016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernando, A., Worrall, S.T., Ekmekcioǧlu, E., 2013. 3DTV. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Alonzo, A.C., Gotwals, A.W. (Eds.), 2012. Learning Progressions in Science: Current Challenges and Future Directions. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Breskovic, I., Maurer, M., Emeakaroha, V.C., Brandic, I., Altmann, J., 2012. Achieving Market Liquidity Through Autonomic Cloud Market Management, in: Ivanov, I., van Sinderen, M., Shishkov, B. (Eds.), Cloud Computing and Services Science, Service Science: Research and Innovations in the Service Economy. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 91–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Air Pollution Kills More Than Three Million People A Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. St. Louis Postal Data Center’s Administration of Accounts Payable (No. 092751). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata, M.I., 2017. Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices Overturn $79.5 Million in Punitive Damages Against Philip Morris. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuchs, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Excoffier and Hamilton, 2003; Fuchs, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Excoffier and Hamilton, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans
AbbreviationDyn. Atmos. Oceans
ISSN (print)0377-0265
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

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