How to format your references using the Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overpeck, J.T., 2000. Climate change. The hole record. Nature 403, 714–715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aeppli, G., Soh, Y.A., 2001. Physics Quantum criticality in a clean metal. Science 294, 315–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuckerman, M.E., Marx, D., Parrinello, M., 2002. The nature and transport mechanism of hydrated hydroxide ions in aqueous solution. Nature 417, 925–929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghani, A.C., Ferguson, N.M., Donnelly, C.A., Anderson, R.M., 2000. Predicted vCJD mortality in Great Britain. Nature 406, 583–584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shi, Z.-J., 2014. Homogeneous Catalysis for Unreactive Bond Activation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Keuchel, M., Hagenmüller, F., Tajiri, H. (Eds.), 2014. Video Capsule Endoscopy: A Reference Guide and Atlas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshihara, N., Veneziani, R., 2012. Profits and exploitation: a reappraisal, in: Kusuoka, S., Maruyama, T. (Eds.), Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 16, Advances in Mathematical Economics. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 85–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Viruses May Play Vital Role In Brain Function [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Transportation Research: Actions Needed to Improve Coordination and Evaluation of Research (No. GAO-03-500). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez, S., 2012. Support group for caregivers coping with their child diagnosed with autism: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bosman, J., Smith, M., Wines, M., 2017. Videos of Police Shootings Give Few Easy Answers. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Overpeck, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Aeppli and Soh, 2001; Overpeck, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aeppli and Soh, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghani et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans
AbbreviationDyn. Atmos. Oceans
ISSN (print)0377-0265
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

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