How to format your references using the Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, D., 2014. The cancer that rises with the sun. Nature 515, S110-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott, A., Gitschel, U., 2000. German scientists left in the cold as Berlin rejects rescue plan. Nature 406, 663–664.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, Y., Wang, Z., Jin, X., 2013. Sulfuric acid intercalated graphite oxide for graphene preparation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3439.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saini, D., Behlow, H., Podila, R., Dickel, D., Pillai, B., Skove, M.J., Serkiz, S.M., Rao, A.M., 2014. Mechanical resonances of helically coiled carbon nanowires. Sci. Rep. 4, 5542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonk, C.J., 2011. The World is Open. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Arnaldi, S., Ferrari, A., Magaudda, P., Marin, F. (Eds.), 2014. Responsibility in Nanotechnology Development, The International Library of Ethics, Law and Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bottrighi, A., Leonardi, G., Montani, S., Portinale, L., Terenziani, P., 2010. Intelligent Data Interpretation and Case Base Exploration through Temporal Abstractions, in: Bichindaritz, I., Montani, S. (Eds.), Case-Based Reasoning. Research and Development: 18th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR 2010, Alessandria, Italy, July 19-22, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. What Will The World Actually Look Like At 1.5°C Of Warming? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. College Work-Study Program at the Bay College of Maryland (No. 089626). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Calhoun, G.F., 2009. Limit theory for overfit models (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., 2017. A Piece of Obama’s Life, Post-Presidency: Sandwiches and Speeches. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott and Gitschel, 2000; Holmes, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott and Gitschel, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Saini et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans
AbbreviationDyn. Atmos. Oceans
ISSN (print)0377-0265
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

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