How to format your references using the Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N., 2007. Genomics: the personal side of genomics. Nature 449, 627–630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berry, A., Browne, J., 2008. The other beetle-hunter. Nature 453, 1188–1190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansel, D.E., Eipper, B.A., Ronnett, G.V., 2001. Neuropeptide Y functions as a neuroproliferative factor. Nature 410, 940–944.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruan, H., Jang, M., Judkewitz, B., Yang, C., 2014. Iterative time-reversed ultrasonically encoded light focusing in backscattering mode. Sci. Rep. 4, 7156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J.J., Brantley, W., Phillips, P.P., 2011. Project Management ROI. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hsiao, G.C., 2008. Boundary Integral Equations, Applied Mathematical Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Adaricheva, K., Nation, J.B., 2016. Convex Geometries, in: Grätzer, G., Wehrung, F. (Eds.), Lattice Theory: Special Topics and Applications: Volume 2. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 153–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Study Sheds Light On The Origin Of Huntington’s Disease Within The Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Comments on Energy Research and Development Administration’s Proposed Arrangement for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Demonstration Plant Project (No. RED-75-361). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abedin, G., 2010. Exploring the potential of art-based education for adolescents with learning disabilities: A case study of engagement in learning through the arts (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2014. A Tumor, the Embryo’s Evil Twin. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Berry and Browne, 2008; Blow, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berry and Browne, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans
AbbreviationDyn. Atmos. Oceans
ISSN (print)0377-0265
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

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