How to format your references using the Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J., 2000. U.S. POSTDOCS: Report Urges Better Treatment, Status. Science 289, 1854b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomasello, M., Kaminski, J., 2009. Behavior. Like infant, like dog. Science 325, 1213–1214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kimchi, T., Xu, J., Dulac, C., 2007. A functional circuit underlying male sexual behaviour in the female mouse brain. Nature 448, 1009–1014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujita, T., Asano, Y., Ohtsuka, J., Takada, Y., Saito, K., Ohki, R., Fujii, H., 2013. Identification of telomere-associated molecules by engineered DNA-binding molecule-mediated chromatin immunoprecipitation (enChIP). Sci. Rep. 3, 3171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J., Gaare, M., Holguín, J., Bailey, N., Pratley, T., 2016. Professional Clojure. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Sethi, S.P., Bogataj, M., Ros-McDonnell, L. (Eds.), 2012. Industrial Engineering: Innovative Networks: 5th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management “CIO 2011”, Cartagena, Spain, September 2011, Proceedings. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Dyl, T., 2016. The Numerical Analysis of Burnishing Process of Hollow Steel Tubes, in: Awrejcewicz, J., Kaliński, K.J., Szewczyk, R., Kaliczyńska, M. (Eds.), Mechatronics: Ideas, Challenges, Solutions and Applications, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Mars May Have Had A Ridiculous Amount Of Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs (No. GAO-14-212). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilensky, S.E., 2010. 340B prime vendor program: Health center decision making and barriers to participation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2009. An Empire’s New Outpost. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mervis, 2000; Tomasello and Kaminski, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomasello and Kaminski, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujita et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans
AbbreviationDyn. Atmos. Oceans
ISSN (print)0377-0265
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

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