How to format your references using the Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herschbach, D., 2000. Kent R. Wilson (1937-2000). Nature 405, 902.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berry, R.M., Armitage, J.P., 2008. Microbiology. How bacteria change gear. Science 320, 1599–1600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khudiyev, T., Dogan, T., Bayindir, M., 2014. Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4718.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Erhard, K.F., Jr, Stonaker, J.L., Parkinson, S.E., Lim, J.P., Hale, C.J., Hollick, J.B., 2009. RNA polymerase IV functions in paramutation in Zea mays. Science 323, 1201–1205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg, A., 2017. Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Watkins, R.G., III, Watkins, R.G., IV (Eds.), 2015. Surgical Approaches to the Spine, 3rd ed. 2015. ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Rauf, S., Sienkiewicz-Paderewska, D., Malinowski, D.P., Hussain, M.M., Niazi, I.A.K., Kausar, M., 2016. Forages: Ecology, Breeding Objectives and Procedures, in: Al-Khayri, J.M., Jain, S.M., Johnson, D.V. (Eds.), Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 149–201.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Get Ready To Celebrate “Galactic Tick Day” This September [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Airline Competition: Passenger Facility Charges Can Provide an Independent Source of Funding for Airport Expansion and Improvement Projects (No. T-RCED-90-99). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich, M.A., 2017. “To treat her as a woman”: African American women and respectability in New York, 1860-1890 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. Running Unopposed, Yet Firmly on Defensive. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herschbach, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Berry and Armitage, 2008; Herschbach, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berry and Armitage, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Erhard et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleDynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans
AbbreviationDyn. Atmos. Oceans
ISSN (print)0377-0265
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

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