How to format your references using the Disaster and Military Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disaster and Military Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Totally stumped? Nature. 2004;431:722.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Blanpain C, Fuchs E. Stem cell plasticity. Plasticity of epithelial stem cells in tissue regeneration. Science. 2014;344:1242281.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Das G, Talukdar P, Matile S. Fluorometric detection of enzyme activity with synthetic supramolecular pores. Science. 2002;298:1600–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Menon S, Hansen J, Nazarenko L, Luo Y. Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India. Science. 2002;297:2250–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tikhomirov VV. Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Davies WKD, editor. Theme Cities: Solutions for Urban Problems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wiederhold BK, Bouchard S. Fear of Flying (Aviophobia): Efficacy and Methodological Lessons Learned from Outcome Trials. In: Bouchard S, editor. Advances in Virtual Reality and Anxiety Disorders. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014. p. 65–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disaster and Military Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Manufacturing Glass Could Reduce Nuclear Waste By 90% [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/manufacturing-glass-could-reduce-nuclear-waste-90/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Resource Management Problems in the Department of Commerce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Sep. Report No.: CED-82-113.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Torres C. Grassroots in Santa Ana: Identity and conceptualizing community [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Tough Club, a Dashing Man, And His Invisible Footprints. New York Times. 2002 Aug 25;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDisaster and Military Medicine
AbbreviationDisaster Mil. Med.
ISSN (online)2054-314X
Scope

Other styles