How to format your references using the Drug Safety - Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Safety - Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Townes CH. Making waves. Nature. 2004;432:153.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Osteryoung KW, Nunnari J. The division of endosymbiotic organelles. Science. 2003;302:1698–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kah LC, Lyons TW, Frank TD. Low marine sulphate and protracted oxygenation of the Proterozoic biosphere. Nature. 2004;431:834–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Heit JJ, Apelqvist AA, Gu X, Winslow MM, Neilson JR, Crabtree GR, et al. Calcineurin/NFAT signalling regulates pancreatic beta-cell growth and function. Nature. 2006;443:345–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wartenberg TE. A Sneetch Is a Sneetch and Other Philosophical Discoveries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
1. Zhang Y. Multilayer Integrated Film Bulk Acoustic Resonators. Chen D, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lei Y, Ding X, Wang S. Adaptive Sparse Vector Tracking Via Online Bayesian Learning. In: Zheng N, Jiang X, Lan X, editors. Advances in Machine Vision, Image Processing, and Pattern Analysis: International Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Pattern Analysis/Synthesis, IWICPAS 2006 Xi’an, China, August 26-27, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Safety - Case Reports.

Blog post
1. Davis J. More Sex Causes Male Burying Beetles To Evolve A Longer “Penis” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/more-sex-causes-male-beetles-evolve-longer-penis/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Protest Alleging Agency Did Not Evaluate Proposals Fairly. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Dec. Report No.: B-178220.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Luse KM. Invariants of knots, graphs, and Feynman diagrams [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Bond Between Generations, With Football On the Side. New York Times. 2010 Nov 28;SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Safety - Case Reports
AbbreviationDrug Saf. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2199-1162
ISSN (online)2198-977X
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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