How to format your references using the Drug Invention Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Invention Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel J. Chemistry. Inventing the nanomolecular wheel. Science. 2005;310(5745):63-64.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz DM, Yoon TP. Solar synthesis: prospects in visible light photocatalysis. Science. 2014;343(6174):1239176.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui G, Zhang M, Zou G. Resonant tunneling modulation in quasi-2D Cu(2)O/SnO(2) p-n horizontal-multi-layer heterostructure for room temperature H(2)S sensor application. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1250.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jevtov I, Samuelsson T, Yao G, Amsterdam A, Ribbeck K. Zebrafish as a model to study live mucus physiology. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Serval JF, Tranié JP. The Monetary System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Manzini R, ed. Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain: Advanced Models, Tools and Applications for Storage Systems. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Ranawana R, Palade V. A Neuro-Genetic Framework for Multi-Classifier Design: An Application to Promoter Recognition in DNA Sequences. In: Jain LC, Palade V, Srinivasan D, eds. Advances in Evolutionary Computing for System Design. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer; 2007:71-94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Invention Today.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Most Horrifying (And Awesome) Creepy-Crawlies In The World. IFLScience. Published July 14, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Numbers: Internet Resellers Provide Few Full SSNs, but Congress Should Consider Enacting Standards for Truncating SSNs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown LT. Identifying Potential Co-Repressors Associated with Dexamethasone-Induced Repression of the MUC5AC Gene. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Aleppo Reeling as Air Assaults Are Stepped Up. New York Times. September 23, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Invention Today
AbbreviationDrug Inven. Today
ISSN (print)0975-7619
ScopeDrug Discovery

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