How to format your references using the Drug Invention Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Invention Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gumbsch P. Materials science. Modeling strain hardening the hard way. Science. 2003;301(5641):1857-1858.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caicedo A, Roper SD. Taste receptor cells that discriminate between bitter stimuli. Science. 2001;291(5508):1557-1560.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coumou D, Lehmann J, Beckmann J. Climate change. The weakening summer circulation in the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes. Science. 2015;348(6232):324-327.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nelson KD, Mao ZQ, Maeno Y, Liu Y. Odd-parity superconductivity in Sr2RuO4. Science. 2004;306(5699):1151-1154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattu A, Grossman SA, Rosen PL. Geriatric Emergencies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Filipe J, Obaidat MS, eds. E-Business and Telecommunications: International Conference, ICETE 2008, Porto, Portugal, July 26-29, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 48. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Bornemann T, Holtkamp W, Wintermeyer W. Nascent Peptide-Induced Signaling from the Exit Tunnel to the Outside of the Ribosome. In: Ito K, ed. Regulatory Nascent Polypeptides. Springer Japan; 2014:87-97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Invention Today.

Blog post
Andrew E. Bison Seriously Injures Second Tourist In Three Weeks At Yellowstone National Park. IFLScience. Published June 8, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status and Issues Pertaining to the Proposed Development of the Space Telescope Project. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong HJ. Acrolein Modification of Human Apolipoprotein A-I Impairs Binding to Phosphatidylglycerol and Lipopolysaccharide of Gram-Negative Bacteria. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices’ Vote in Death Case Is Close Again, but Differing. New York Times. May 15, 2007:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Invention Today
AbbreviationDrug Inven. Today
ISSN (print)0975-7619
ScopeDrug Discovery

Other styles