How to format your references using the Drug Invention Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Invention Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chaddah P. Not all plagiarism requires a retraction. Nature. 2014;511(7508):127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Argus JP, Bensinger SJ. Immunology. Fueling function over expansion in T cells. Science. 2013;341(6141):37-38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurin-Csörgei K, Epstein IR, Orbán M. Systematic design of chemical oscillators using complexation and precipitation equilibria. Nature. 2005;433(7022):139-142.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sell TS, Belkacemi T, Flockerzi V, Beck A. Protonophore properties of hyperforin are essential for its pharmacological activity. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards SA, Hollerton JC. Essential Practical NMR for Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Kampen WU, Fischer M, eds. Local Treatment of Inflammatory Joint Diseases: Benefits and Risks. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang L, Liu Z. Study on Consumer Satisfaction in Agricultural Products Supermarkets and Fairs. In: Zhong Z, ed. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012: Volume 3. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer; 2013:41-48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Invention Today.

Blog post
Andrew E. Top 10 Unsolved Mysteries of Science. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Denial of Protest Involving Solicitation’s Evaluation Standard. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan C. Safety Mindfulness: The Incorporation of Low-Dose Mindfulness as a Leading Edge Safety Intervention. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S. What Women Lost. New York Times. December 30, 2016:SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Invention Today
AbbreviationDrug Inven. Today
ISSN (print)0975-7619
ScopeDrug Discovery

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