How to format your references using the Drug Invention Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Invention Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelly WL. Biochemistry: life imitates art. Nature. 2011;473(7345):35-36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Libuda DE, Winston F. Amplification of histone genes by circular chromosome formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature. 2006;443(7114):1003-1007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carpi F, Bauer S, De Rossi D. Materials science. Stretching dielectric elastomer performance. Science. 2010;330(6012):1759-1761.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stadler MB, Murr R, Burger L, et al. DNA-binding factors shape the mouse methylome at distal regulatory regions. Nature. 2011;480(7378):490-495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad SR, Cartwright M. Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Lin CYY. The Impact of Societal and Social Innovation: A Case-Based Approach. (Chen J, ed.). Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Knauth S, Kaufmann L, Jost C, Kistler R, Klapproth A. The iLoc Ultrasound Indoor Localization System at the EvAAL 2011 Competition. In: Chessa S, Knauth S, eds. Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking. Indoor Localization and Tracking: International Competition, EvAAL 2011, Competition in Valencia, Spain, July 25-29, 2011, and Final Workshop in Lecce, Italy, September 26, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer; 2012:52-64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Invention Today.

Blog post
Andrew E. Early Humans May Have Migrated Out Of Africa Through Egypt. IFLScience. Published May 28, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Costs and Benefits of a Common Strategic Rotary Launcher Should Be Reassessed Before Further Funds Are Available. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pavuluri VK. Field Oriented Control of Induction Motors Based on DSP Controller. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Before Games, Religious Questions. New York Times. March 3, 2012:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Invention Today
AbbreviationDrug Inven. Today
ISSN (print)0975-7619
ScopeDrug Discovery

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