How to format your references using the Digestion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Digestion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Pan X. Fundamental equations for species-area theory. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Berman DE, Dudai Y. Memory extinction, learning anew, and learning the new: dissociations in the molecular machinery of learning in cortex. Science. 2001 Mar;291(5512):2417–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Lanzillo NA, Kharche N, Nayak SK. Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan;4:3609.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Bonn DA, Wynn JC, Gardner BW, Lin YJ, Liang R, Hardy WN, et al. A limit on spin-charge separation in high-Tc superconductors from the absence of a vortex-memory effect. Nature. 2001;414(6866):887–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
El Hami A, Radi B. Uncertainty and Optimization in Structural Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1
Moss J, Pini B, editors. Visual Research Methods in Educational Research. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Emadzadeh AA, Speyer JL. Pulse Delay Estimation Using Epoch Folding. In: Speyer JL, editor. Navigation in Space by X-ray Pulsars. New York, NY: Springer; 2011; pp 49–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Digestion.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Stem Cell Treatment Used To Cure Age-Related Blindness [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Sep

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Uses of Minicomputers in the Federal Government: Trends, Benefits, and Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Holler JC. A phenomenological case study of finding meaning through the developmental nature of a doctoral program in organization change. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Brantley B. Doomed Youth, Potent Despair. New York Times. 2017 Jul;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDigestion
AbbreviationDigestion
ISSN (print)0012-2823
ISSN (online)1421-9867
ScopeGastroenterology

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