How to format your references using the Journal of Shipping and Trade citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Shipping and Trade. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kidwell SM (2005) Shell composition has no net impact on large-scale evolutionary patterns in mollusks. Science 307:914–917
A journal article with 2 authors
Kornack DR, Rakic P (2001) Cell proliferation without neurogenesis in adult primate neocortex. Science 294:2127–2130
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell A, Shennan S, Thomas MG (2009) Late Pleistocene demography and the appearance of modern human behavior. Science 324:1298–1301
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fotin A, Cheng Y, Grigorieff N, et al (2004) Structure of an auxilin-bound clathrin coat and its implications for the mechanism of uncoating. Nature 432:649–653

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tattar PN, Ramaiah S, Manjunath BG (2016) A Course in Statistics With R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Seiler F, Igra O (eds) (2016) Hypervelocity Launchers, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Jakovác A, Patkós A (2016) The Large-N Expansion. In: Patkós A (ed) Resummation and Renormalization in Effective Theories of Particle Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 97–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Shipping and Trade.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Pesticide Residues On Fruit And Veg Could Affect Sperm Health. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/pesticide-residues-fruit-and-veg-could-affect-sperm-health/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Drug Education: School-Based Programs Seen as Useful but Impact Unknown. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abedin G (2010) Exploring the potential of art-based education for adolescents with learning disabilities: A case study of engagement in learning through the arts. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2014) An Apple a Day, and Other Myths. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinberger 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Eysel 2003; Hassan 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kornack and Rakic 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiménez Farías et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Shipping and Trade
AbbreviationJ. Shipp. Trade
ISSN (online)2364-4575
Scope

Other styles