How to format your references using the Developmental Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ranganathan R. 2003. Cell biology. A matter of life or death. Science 299:1677–1679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams BG, Dye C. 2003. Antiretroviral drugs for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV/AIDS. Science 301:1535–1537.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby JG, Jan CH, Bartel DP. 2007. Intronic microRNA precursors that bypass Drosha processing. Nature 448:83–86.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Abujarour R, Valamehr B, Robinson M, Rezner B, Vranceanu F, Flynn P. 2013. Optimized surface markers for the prospective isolation of high-quality hiPSCs using flow cytometry selection. Sci Rep 3:1179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svensson H. 2011. Schrägkabelbrücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kueper BH, Stroo HF, Vogel CM, Ward CH, editors. 2014. Chlorinated Solvent Source Zone Remediation. New York, NY: Springer. LIII, 713 p. 214 illus., 203 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu X, Radziszowski SP. 2016. On Some Open Questions for Ramsey and Folkman Numbers. In: Gera R, Hedetniemi S, Larson C, editors. Graph Theory: Favorite Conjectures and Open Problems - 1, Cham: Springer International Publishing, p 43–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Neurobiology.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ton N-Q. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S. 2017. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ranganathan, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ranganathan, 2003; Williams and Dye, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Dye, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Abujarour et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Neurobiology
AbbreviationDev. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)1932-8451
ISSN (online)1932-846X
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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