How to format your references using the Dermato-Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermato-Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levermann A. Climate economics: make supply chains climate-smart. Nature 2014; 506:27–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGhee K, Phillips N. Nature Index 2015 China. Nature 2015; 528:S165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schefuss E, Schouten S, Schneider RR. Climatic controls on central African hydrology during the past 20,000 years. Nature 2005; 437:1003–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Citroni M, Ceppatelli M, Bini R, Schettino V. Laser-induced selectivity for dimerization versus polymerization of butadiene under pressure. Science 2002; 295:2058–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young GC. Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Alfaro EJ, Pérez E, Franco J, editors. How does the Galaxy Work?: A Galactic Tertulia with Don Cox and Ron Reynolds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Lenaz G. Mitochondria and Reactive Oxygen Species. Which Role in Physiology and Pathology? In: Scatena R, Bottoni P, Giardina B, editors. Advances in Mitochondrial Medicine. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. page 93–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermato-Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hale T. Photographer Catches Moment Leopard Drags Big Cat Carcass From Tree And Cannibalizes It [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. D.C. Public School Enrollment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forget MA. Tumor Angiogenesis is all Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Sorting Out their Goals, and Options. New York Times2009; :WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDermato-Endocrinology
ISSN (print)1938-1972
ISSN (online)1938-1980
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles