How to format your references using the Dermato-Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermato-Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sovacool BK. Energy. Deploying off-grid technology to eradicate energy poverty. Science 2012; 338:47–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taberlet P, Cheddadi R. Ecology. Quaternary refugia and persistence of biodiversity. Science 2002; 297:2009–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agarwala S, Sanders TA, Ragsdale CW. Sonic hedgehog control of size and shape in midbrain pattern formation. Science 2001; 291:2147–50.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xie C-L, Wang W-W, Zhang S-F, Yuan M-L, Che J-Y, Gan J, Song L, Yuan W-E, Liu Z-G. Levodopa/benserazide microsphere (LBM) prevents L-dopa induced dyskinesia by inactivation of the DR1/PKA/P-tau pathway in 6-OHDA-lesioned Parkinson’s rats. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarry P, Beneat J. Advanced Design Techniques and Realizations of Microwave and RF Filters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Szego K, Achilleos N, Arridge C, Badman S, Delamere P, Grodent D, Galland Kivelson M, Louarn P, editors. The Magnetodiscs and Aurorae of Giant Planets. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Anelli R. Recycling and Restoration: Adding New Meaning to Historical Buildings Through Minimal Interventions. In: Condello A, Lehmann S, editors. Sustainable Lina: Lina Bo Bardi’s Adaptive Reuse Projects. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. page 97–160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermato-Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Amazing Timelapse Of Asperatus Clouds Reminds Us That Clouds Can Act As A Fluid Too! [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Essential Air Service: Changes in Subsidy Levels, Air Carrier Costs, and Passenger Traffic. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zatolokin A. Stylistic approaches for oboists in the operatic works of J. Hasse. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court to Weigh Disparities in Cocaine Laws. New York Times2007; :A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDermato-Endocrinology
ISSN (print)1938-1972
ISSN (online)1938-1980
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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