How to format your references using the Transactions of the ASABE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of the ASABE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenfield, P. M. (2009). Technology and informal education: what is taught, what is learned. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910), 69–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eiben, A. E., Smith, J. (2015). From evolutionary computation to the evolution of things. Nature, 521(7553), 476–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kainulainen, J., Federrath, C., Henning, T. (2014). Unfolding the laws of star formation: the density distribution of molecular clouds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6180), 183–185.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Salzman, N. H., Ghosh, D., Huttner, K. M., Paterson, Y., Bevins, C. L. (2003). Protection against enteric salmonellosis in transgenic mice expressing a human intestinal defensin. Nature, 422(6931), 522–526.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, D. A. (2008). Forensic Procedures for Boundary and Title Investigation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Seruca, I., Cordeiro, J., Hammoudi, S., Filipe, J. (Eds.). (2006). Enterprise Information Systems VI. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Evans, R., Cleghorn, A. (2012). Language, Pedagogy And Politics Intersect In The Classroom. In A. Cleghorn (Ed.), Complex Classroom Encounters: A South African Perspective (pp. 63–80). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of the ASABE.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 5). Exozodiacal Light Could Hinder Direct Imaging of Earth-Like Exoplanets. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Government Civilian Aircraft: Use of Government Aircraft by the Attorney General and FBI Director (No. GGD-90-84). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnston, J. S. (2017). Echo in Three Acts: The Lost Historical Subject in (Dis)articulation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, May 8). A Cry for Help as a Witness Recounts a Man’s Fall Onto the Subway Tracks. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenfield, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Eiben and Smith, 2015; Greenfield, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eiben and Smith, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Salzman et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of the ASABE
AbbreviationTrans. ASABE
ISSN (print)2151-0032
ISSN (online)2151-0040
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Soil Science
Biomedical Engineering

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