How to format your references using the Transactions of the ASABE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of the ASABE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cravens, T. E. (2002). X-ray emission from comets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5570), 1042–1045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, B. E., Braun, R. E. (2012). Germ cell migration across Sertoli cell tight junctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6108), 798–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kilner, R. M., Madden, J. R., Hauber, M. E. (2004). Brood parasitic cowbird nestlings use host young to procure resources. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 877–879.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kang, W. N., Kim, H. J., Choi, E. M., Jung, C. U., Lee, S. I. (2001). MgB2 superconducting thin films with a transition temperature of 39 kelvin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5521), 1521–1523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meiswinkel, R., Meyer, J., Schnell, J. (2013). Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Petry, F. E., Robinson, V. B., Cobb, M. A. (Eds.). (2005). Fuzzy Modeling with Spatial Information for Geographic Problems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cendón, J. A., Marcos, A. G., Limas, M. C., Meré, J. O. (2010). A Multi-agent Data Mining System for Defect Forecasting in a Decentralized Manufacturing Environment. In Á. Herrero, E. Corchado, C. Redondo, & Á. Alonso (Eds.), Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems 2010: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems (CISIS’10) (pp. 43–50). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of the ASABE.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 10). Scientists Discover How A Rare Coral Snake’s Venom Acts On Its Victims. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Department of Education: Challenges in Promoting Access and Excellence in Education (No. T-HEHS-97-99). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rozas, K. N. (2014). Searching for Reel Consequences: A Content Analysis of Risk Behaviors, Gender and Character Consequences in PG-13 Movie Trailers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. (2015, March 1). Many Splendored Things. New York Times, p. BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cravens, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cravens, 2002; Smith and Braun, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Braun, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of the ASABE
AbbreviationTrans. ASABE
ISSN (print)2151-0032
ISSN (online)2151-0040
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Soil Science
Biomedical Engineering

Other styles