How to format your references using the Transactions of the ASABE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of the ASABE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich, O. (2004). A radical reorientation. Nature, 430(6998), 407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allenby, B., Fink, J. (2005). Toward inherently secure and resilient societies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5737), 1034–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vogel, E. K., McCollough, A. W., Machizawa, M. G. (2005). Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to working memory. Nature, 438(7067), 500–503.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sieh, K., Natawidjaja, D. H., Meltzner, A. J., Shen, C.-C., Cheng, H., Li, K.-S., … Edwards, R. L. (2008). Earthquake supercycles inferred from sea-level changes recorded in the corals of West Sumatra. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5908), 1674–1678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hackshaw, A. (2014). A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bernstad Saraiva Schott, A. (2013). Modern Solid Waste Management in Practice: The City of Malmö Experience. (H. Aspegren, M. Bissmont, & J. la Cour Jansen, Eds.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schaufeli, W. B., Taris, T. W. (2014). A Critical Review of the Job Demands-Resources Model: Implications for Improving Work and Health. In O. Hämmig (Ed.), Bridging Occupational, Organizational and Public Health: A Transdisciplinary Approach (pp. 43–68). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of the ASABE.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 17). Nearly 100 Dolphins Mysteriously Stranded Off Coast Of Florida. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Aviation Security: Computer-Assisted Passenger Prescreening System Faces Significant Implementation Challenges (No. GAO-04-385). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krutsinger, R. (2014). Evaluation of Grassland Restoration Success in Illinois Using Indicators of Ecosystem Function (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, H. (2015, August 16). Mother’s Disapproval. New York Times, p. BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingerich, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Allenby and Fink, 2005; Gingerich, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allenby and Fink, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sieh et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of the ASABE
AbbreviationTrans. ASABE
ISSN (print)2151-0032
ISSN (online)2151-0040
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Soil Science
Biomedical Engineering

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