How to format your references using the Transactions of the ASABE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of the ASABE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ozbay, E. (2006). Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5758), 189–193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Latch, D. E., McNeill, K. (2006). Microheterogeneity of singlet oxygen distributions in irradiated humic acid solutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768), 1743–1747.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mueller, K., Hough, S. E., Bilham, R. (2004). Analysing the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes with recent instrumentally recorded aftershocks. Nature, 429(6989), 284–288.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, W., Tanasa, B., Tyurina, O. V., Zhou, T. Y., Gassmann, R., Liu, W. T., … Rosenfeld, M. G. (2010). PHF8 mediates histone H4 lysine 20 demethylation events involved in cell cycle progression. Nature, 466(7305), 508–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, W. (2000). Optische Spektroskopie. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Agarwal, A. (2016). Proteomics in Human Reproduction: Biomarkers for Millennials. (L. Samanta, R. P. Bertolla, D. Durairajanayagam, & P. Intasqui, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kagan, V. E., Rao, K. M. K., Kisin, E. R., Young, S.-H., Meighan, T., Murray, A. R., … Shvedova, A. A. (2007). Pulmonary Effects of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Inflammatory Response, Oxidative Stress/Signaling, and Recognition by Macrophages. In P. P. Simeonova, N. Opopol, & M. I. Luster (Eds.), Nanotechnology – Toxicological Issues and Environmental Safety and Environmental Safety (pp. 65–75). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of the ASABE.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, November 2). A Potential Quantum Exception To The Second Law Of Thermodynamics. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). ADP Acquisition: Army Civilian Personnel System (No. IMTEC-89-22FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zazworsky, L. M. (2013). Dumbing down for others: Differences in socially motivated underachievement between working and middle class students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2017, August 22). Awakenings. New York Times, p. BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lorenz, 2003; Mestel, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Latch and McNeill, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wunderlich et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of the ASABE
AbbreviationTrans. ASABE
ISSN (print)2151-0032
ISSN (online)2151-0040
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Soil Science
Biomedical Engineering

Other styles