How to format your references using the Transactions of the ASABE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of the ASABE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franklin, A. D. (2013). Electronics: the road to carbon nanotube transistors. Nature, 498(7455), 443–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog, R. W., Ostrov, D. A. (2012). Immunology. A decorated virus cannot hide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6108), 748–749.
A journal article with 3 authors
Donner, S. D., Kandlikar, M., Zerriffi, H. (2011). Environment and development. Preparing to manage climate change financing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6058), 908–909.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, Y., Kim, A. H., Yamada, T., Wu, B., Bilimoria, P. M., Ikeuchi, Y., … Bonni, A. (2009). A Cdc20-APC ubiquitin signaling pathway regulates presynaptic differentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5952), 575–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandya, R. (2005). Mobile and Personal Communication Services and Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Giusto, D., Iera, A., Morabito, G., Atzori, L. (Eds.). (2010). The Internet of Things: 20th Tyrrhenian Workshop on Digital Communications. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kupferman, O., Sadigh, D., Seshia, S. A. (2012). Synthesis with Clairvoyance. In K. Eder, J. Lourenço, & O. Shehory (Eds.), Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 7th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2011, Haifa, Israel, December 6-8, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 5–19). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of the ASABE.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, December 13). Mental Health And Romance Are The Roots Of Happiness, Study Finds. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Intercity Passenger Rail: The Congress Faces Critical Decisions About the Role of and Funding for Intercity Passenger Rail Systems (No. GAO-01-820T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Isaacson, M. J. (2009). The paradox of respect and risk: Six Lakota adolescents speak (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2011, April 30). Michigan: Koran-Burning Pastor Draws a Boisterous Crowd. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franklin, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Franklin, 2013; Herzog and Ostrov, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Herzog and Ostrov, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of the ASABE
AbbreviationTrans. ASABE
ISSN (print)2151-0032
ISSN (online)2151-0040
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Soil Science
Biomedical Engineering

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