How to format your references using the Decision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Decision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baulcombe, D. (2013). Plant science. Small RNA--the secret of noble rot. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6154), 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kodama, R., & Fast-Ignitor Consortium. (2002). Fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition. Nature, 418(6901), 933–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinisch, K. M., Nibert, M. L., & Harrison, S. C. (2000). Structure of the reovirus core at 3.6 A resolution. Nature, 404(6781), 960–967.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mueller, S. N., Hosiawa-Meagher, K. A., Konieczny, B. T., Sullivan, B. M., Bachmann, M. F., Locksley, R. M., Ahmed, R., & Matloubian, M. (2007). Regulation of homeostatic chemokine expression and cell trafficking during immune responses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 670–674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yener, M., & Dundar, O. (2016). Expert Android ® Studio. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Riederer, P., Reichmann, H., Youdim, M. B. H., & Gerlach, M. (Eds.). (2006). Parkinson’s Disease and Related Disorders (Vol. 70). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kallmeyer, L. (2016). On the Mild Context-Sensitivity of k-Tree Wrapping Grammar. In A. Foret, G. Morrill, R. Muskens, R. Osswald, & S. Pogodalla (Eds.), Formal Grammar: 20th and 21st International Conferences, FG 2015, Barcelona, Spain, August 2015, Revised Selected Papers. FG 2016, Bozen, Italy, August 2016, Proceedings (pp. 77–93). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Decision.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 9). Snakebite Anti-Venom Set To Run Out Next Year. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Year 2000 Computing: EFT 99 Is Not Expected to Affect Year 2000 Remediation Efforts (AIMD-98-272R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLima, L. E. (2017). Implementing an Innovative Educational Program in an Era of Accountability: An Interview Study of the Expeditionary Learning Program [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, June 7). 47 Years Later, a Murder Victim Defined by Aliases Has a Name. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baulcombe, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Baulcombe, 2013; Kodama & Fast-Ignitor Consortium, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kodama & Fast-Ignitor Consortium, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Reinisch et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mueller et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDecision
AbbreviationDecision (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2325-9965
ISSN (online)2325-9973

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