How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedin, L O 2015 Biogeochemistry: signs of saturation in the tropical carbon sink. Nature, 519(7543): 295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chien, P and Weissman, J S 2001 Conformational diversity in a yeast prion dictates its seeding specificity. Nature, 410(6825): 223–227.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amunts, A, Drory, O, and Nelson, N 2007 The structure of a plant photosystem I supercomplex at 3.4 A resolution. Nature, 447(7140): 58–63.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zheng, J, Kwak, K, Xie, J, and Fayer, M D 2006 Ultrafast carbon-carbon single-bond rotational isomerization in room-temperature solution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5795): 1951–1955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wootton, R J and Smith, C 2014 Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jupesta, J and Wakiyama, T (eds.) 2016 Low Carbon Urban Infrastructure Investment in Asian Cities. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Angluin, D, Aspnes, J, and Eisenstat, D 2006 Fast Computation by Population Protocols with a Leader. In: Dolev, S (ed.), Distributed Computing: 20th International Symposium, DISC 2006, Stockholm, Sweden, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
Taub, B 2016 Cannabis Could Improve Your Night Vision. IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 National Science Foundation: Better Use of Existing Resources Could Improve Program Administration (No. RCED-94-95). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starr, M J 2015 Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata (Doctoral dissertation). Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D and de la MERCED, M J 2017 Staples to Sell for $6.9 Billion, and Its New Owner Has an Uphill Battle. New York Times, 28 June, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hedin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chien and Weissman, 2001; Hedin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chien and Weissman, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

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