How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kempermann, G 2012 Neuroscience. Youth culture in the adult brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6073): 1175–1176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, E H and Olson, E N 2005 Unveiling the mechanisms of cell-cell fusion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720): 369–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chait, R, Craney, A, and Kishony, R 2007 Antibiotic interactions that select against resistance. Nature, 446(7136): 668–671.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Salehi-Ashtiani, K, Lupták, A, Litovchick, A, and Szostak, J W 2006 A genomewide search for ribozymes reveals an HDV-like sequence in the human CPEB3 gene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794): 1788–1792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B 2010 Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Lasota, J-P (ed.) 2011 Astronomy at the Frontiers of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, W and Lv, K 2016 On Promise Problem of the Generalized Shortest Vector Problem. In: Qing, S, Okamoto, E, Kim, K, and Liu, D (eds.), Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J 2015 No, An Asteroid Isn’t Going To Hit Earth And Kill Us All Any Time Soon. IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1993 Direct Student Loan Savings (No. HRD-93-25R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powers, K L 2012 Real-time video streaming: Impact on maternal anxiety and the maternal-infant bond (Doctoral dissertation). Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J 2017 Cagey Mayweather Saves Fireworks for Last. New York Times, 27 August, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kempermann, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Olson, 2005; Kempermann, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Olson, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Salehi-Ashtiani et al, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

Other styles