How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piattelli-Palmarini, M 2003 Basic concepts: to put it simply. Nature, 426(6967): 607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nandagopal, N and Elowitz, M B 2011 Synthetic biology: integrated gene circuits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6047): 1244–1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yelshanskaya, M V, Li, M, and Sobolevsky, A I 2014 Structure of an agonist-bound ionotropic glutamate receptor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200): 1070–1074.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knops, A, Thirion, B, Hubbard, E M, Michel, V, and Dehaene, S 2009 Recruitment of an area involved in eye movements during mental arithmetic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5934): 1583–1585.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stockinger, P 2013 Audiovisual Archives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mankekar, G (ed.) 2014 Implantable Hearing Devices other than Cochlear Implants. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Bora, D K, Braun, A, and Gajda-Schrantz, K 2015 Solar Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting with Bioconjugate and Bio-Hybrid Electrodes. In: Rozhkova, E A and Ariga, K (eds.), From Molecules to Materials: Pathways to Artificial Photosynthesis. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 125–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E 2015 Brainy Bones: The Hidden Complexity Inside Your Skeleton. IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2003 Transmittal of Comptroller General Decision on the Transportation Security Administration’s Time and Attendance Approval System (No. GAO-03-532R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, K 2012 Planned experiences compared to performance standards for entry-level dietetic interns (Doctoral dissertation). Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B 2017 Raiders Manage to Play Without Leader, Barely. New York Times, 2 January, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Piattelli-Palmarini, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Nandagopal and Elowitz, 2011; Piattelli-Palmarini, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nandagopal and Elowitz, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Knops et al, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

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