How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloodworth, A 2014 Resources: Track flows to manage technology-metal supply. Nature, 505(7481): 19–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Djupedal, I and Ekwall, K 2008 Molecular biology. The paradox of silent heterochromatin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5876): 624–625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nandy, D, Muñoz-Jaramillo, A, and Martens, P C H 2011 The unusual minimum of sunspot cycle 23 caused by meridional plasma flow variations. Nature, 471(7336): 80–82.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, X P, Björkman, O, Shih, C, Grossman, A R, Rosenquist, M, Jansson, S, and Niyogi, K K 2000 A pigment-binding protein essential for regulation of photosynthetic light harvesting. Nature, 403(6768): 391–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jaffe, J 2010 Flip the Funnel. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rovenský, J and Payer, J (eds.) 2009 Dictionary of Rheumatology. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Keeton, J T 2011 History of Nitrite and Nitrate in Food. In: Bryan, N S and Loscalzo, J (eds.), Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. pp. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E 2015 What will Climate be Like in 2100? Expect Surprises, Says New Met Office Study. IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2016 Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles (No. GAO-17-100). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, A M 2010 Moving in foster care: Voices of adults who experienced multiple foster care placements in childhood (Doctoral dissertation). Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Parker, J 2016 The Joys of Binge-Watching. New York Times, 9 October, BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloodworth, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bloodworth, 2014; Djupedal and Ekwall, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Djupedal and Ekwall, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al, 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

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