How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seliktar, D 2012 Designing cell-compatible hydrogels for biomedical applications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085): 1124–1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woodside, M T and McEuen, P L 2002 Scanned probe imaging of single-electron charge states in nanotube quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5570): 1098–1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bartels, A, Heinecke, D, and Diddams, S A 2009 10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5953): 681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, N, Chen, X, Yang, Y, Dong, J, Wang, C, and Yang, G 2013 Diffuse reflection inside a hexagonal nanocavity. Scientific reports, 3: 1298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu, D 2014 New Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nguyen, N T, Borzemski, L, Grzech, A, and Ali, M (eds.) 2008 New Frontiers in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 21st International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2008 Wrocław, Poland, June 18-20, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cardellini, V, Casalicchio, E, Grassi, V, and Lo Presti, F 2012 On Guaranteeing Global Dependability Properties in Collaborative Business Process Management. In: Ardagna, C A, Damiani, E, Maciaszek, L A, Missikoff, M, and Parkin, M (eds.), Business System Management and Engineering: From Open Issues to Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 48–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J 2015 Sperm May Use “Harpoons” To Fertilize An Egg. IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 The National Institute of Education Should Further Increase Minority and Female Participation in Its Activities (No. HRD-81-3). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, A L 2019 An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance (Doctoral dissertation). Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M R and Schmitt, E 2017 Wrestling With North Korea, Trump Finds Perilous Options. New York Times, 11 August, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seliktar, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Seliktar, 2012; Woodside and McEuen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woodside and McEuen, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

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