How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D 2001 Chemistry journal reacts to dispute. Nature, 412(6848): 669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis, B E and Miles, G P 2001 Plant biology. One for all? Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5524): 2022–2023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trumbore, S, Brando, P, and Hartmann, H 2015 Forest health and global change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6250): 814–818.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, Y, Jones, C R, Fujiki, N, Xu, Y, Guo, B, Holder, J L, Jr, Rossner, M J, Nishino, S, and Fu, Y-H 2009 The transcriptional repressor DEC2 regulates sleep length in mammals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942): 866–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T 2008 Building the Reflective Healthcare Organisation. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Ito, J (ed.) 2015 Regenerative Medicine in Otolaryngology. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Brezinski, C and Tournès, D 2014 Other works of Cholesky. In: Tournès, D (ed.), André-Louis Cholesky: Mathematician, Topographer and Army Officer. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 123–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E 2015 An Immense Spiral Arm Could Encircle The Entire Milky Way. IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014 Spectrum Management: FCC’s Use and Enforcement of Buildout Requirements (No. GAO-14-236). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, K M 2015 Parent involvement in the promotion of healthy outcomes for young girls: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M W 2017 Puerto Rico, Mired in Debt, Approves a Rescue Plan. New York Times, 13 March, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2001; Ellis and Miles, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellis and Miles, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

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