How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elert, E 2013 Calling cells to arms. Nature, 504(7480): S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szathmáry, E and Hammerstein, P 2004 Obituary: John Maynard Smith (1920-2004). Nature, 429(6989): 258–259.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yeung, L Y, Ash, J L, and Young, E D 2015 Isotope geochemistry. Biological signatures in clumped isotopes of O₂. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6233): 431–434.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim, D A, Huang, Y-C, Swigut, T, Mirick, A L, Garcia-Verdugo, J M, Wysocka, J, Ernst, P, and Alvarez-Buylla, A 2009 Chromatin remodelling factor Mll1 is essential for neurogenesis from postnatal neural stem cells. Nature, 458(7237): 529–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gostick, A and Elton, C 2006 Führen mit Möhren. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kahraman, C (ed.) 2008 Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making: Theory and Applications with Recent Developments. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hassan, M M and Poo, K H 2011 Handover Latency Reduction Using Integrated Solution Scheme for Proxy Mobile IPv6. In: Özcan, A, Zizka, J, and Nagamalai, D (eds.), Recent Trends in Wireless and Mobile Networks: Third International Conferences, WiMo 2011 and CoNeCo 2011, Ankara, Turkey, June 26-28, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A 2016 DNA Could Be Used As Nanowire. IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2005 Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Agencies Need to Plan for Transition and Manage Security Risks (No. GAO-05-845T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orozco, M 2015 Music preference and its effects on emotion processes and identity development in young adult females: An examination of the “emo” subculture (Doctoral dissertation). Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L 2014 Friends, Artists and Partners. New York Times, 21 December, ST25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elert, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Elert, 2013; Szathmáry and Hammerstein, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szathmáry and Hammerstein, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lim et al, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

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