How to format your references using the Data Science Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Data Science Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatfull, G F 2001 Microbiology. The great escape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5525): 2263–2264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, M A and Febria, C M 2012 Ecology. The heartbeat of ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6087): 1393–1394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Herbst, J, Heyne, K, and Diller, R 2002 Femtosecond infrared spectroscopy of bacteriorhodopsin chromophore isomerization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582): 822–825.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Day, J M D, Ash, R D, Liu, Y, Bellucci, J J, Rumble, D, 3rd, McDonough, W F, Walker, R J, and Taylor, L A 2009 Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust. Nature, 457(7226): 179–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pearson, D and Grace, C 2012 Weight Management. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Heisel, M, Joosen, W, Lopez, J, and Martinelli, F (eds.) 2014 Engineering Secure Future Internet Services and Systems: Current Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cornes, R and Sato, T 2016 Existence and Uniqueness of Nash Equilibrium in Aggregative Games: An Expository Treatment. In: von Mouche, P and Quartieri, F (eds.), Equilibrium Theory for Cournot Oligopolies and Related Games: Essays in Honour of Koji Okuguchi. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Data Science Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E 2013 Could basic life exist on Titan? IFLScience. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Technology Development: Future Use of NASA’s Large Format Camera Is Uncertain (No. NSIAD-90-142). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray-Dulany, W R 2010 Base change for the Iwahori-Hecke algebra of GL2 (Doctoral dissertation). College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M 2017 Friends, Romans, Presidents. New York Times, 13 June, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatfull, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hatfull, 2001; Palmer and Febria, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Febria, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Day et al, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleData Science Journal
AbbreviationData Sci. J.
ISSN (online)1683-1470
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Computer Science Applications

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