How to format your references using the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckman JJ. Skill formation and the economics of investing in disadvantaged children. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2006; 312:1900–1902.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hart DM, Branscomb LM. Research, innovation and politics. Nature 2000; 407:561–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Diemand J, Moore B, Stadel J. Earth-mass dark-matter haloes as the first structures in the early Universe. Nature 2005; 433:389–391.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rohling EJ, Haigh ID, Foster GL, et al. A geological perspective on potential future sea-level rise. Scientific reports 2013; 3:3461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek V, Al-Numan B. (2011) Corrosion Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leonard T, Willis P eds. (2008) Pedagogies of the Imagination: Mythopoetic Curriculum in Educational Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hull E, Jackson K, Dick J. (2011) Writing and Reviewing Requirements. In: Jackson K, Dick J, eds. Requirements Engineering. London: Springer, pp. 77–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. (2016) ESA’s ExoMars Lander May Have Crash Landed On The Surface Of Mars. (accessed Oct.30 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002) Information Technology: DLA Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Management Capability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perkins J. (2017) “Inside of each story was a piece of my story”: Applied folklore addressing stigma around perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. (2001) Looking For Love. New York Times. February 11, 2001:141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
ISSN (print)2152-2715
ISSN (online)2152-2723

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