How to format your references using the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Castro Neto AH. Physics. Another spin on graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2011; 332:315–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dove W, Susman M. Retrospective. James F. Crow (1916-2012). Science (New York, N.Y.) 2012; 335:812.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwartz AB, Moran DW, Reina GA. Differential representation of perception and action in the frontal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2004; 303:380–383.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bogdan P, Deasy BM, Gharaibeh B, et al. Heterogeneous structure of stem cells dynamics: statistical models and quantitative predictions. Scientific reports 2014; 4:4826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey E. (2011) Neonatal Formulary 6. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Anthias F, Kontos M, Morokvasic-Müller M eds. (2013) Paradoxes of Integration: Female Migrants in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomar V, Qu T, Dubey DK, et al. (2015) Molecular Modeling: A Review of Nanomechanics Based on Molecular Modeling. In: Qu T, Dubey DK, Verma D, et al., eds. Multiscale Characterization of Biological Systems: Spectroscopy and Modeling. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 37–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015) Fish With Human-Like Teeth Found in Jersey Lake. (accessed Oct.30 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s Efforts to Ensure Bank Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gade S. (2017) Design and Implementation of Hybrid Hyperchaotic Sequences for Chaos-Based Communication Systems. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. (2011) Two Teams That Need An Introduction. New York Times. March 31, 2011:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
ISSN (print)2152-2715
ISSN (online)2152-2723

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