How to format your references using the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz L. Chemoprevention: First line of defence. Nature 2011; 471:S5-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood BJ, Halliday AN. Cooling of the Earth and core formation after the giant impact. Nature 2005; 437:1345–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finn CA, Sisson TW, Deszcz-Pan M. Aerogeophysical measurements of collapse-prone hydrothermally altered zones at Mount Rainier volcano. Nature 2001; 409:600–603.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park S, Wolanin PM, Yuzbashyan EA, et al. Motion to form a quorum. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2003; 301:188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sigee DC. (2005) Freshwater Microbiology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Winterhager E ed. (2005) Gap Junctions in Development and Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerres J. (2016) Applications of Acid–Base Blend Concepts to Intermediate Temperature Membranes. In: Li Q, Aili D, Hjuler HA, et al., eds. High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells: Approaches, Status, and Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 59–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Blog post
Andrew D. (2017) How The Brain Changes When We Learn To Read. (accessed Oct.30 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Telecommunications Readiness Critical, Yet Overall Status Largely Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck K. (2011) Comparing high school physics standards: What is included and what is not. 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel E, de la MERCED MJ. (2017) Discovery Closes In on Acquiring Scripps Networks as Viacom Exits Competition. New York Times. July 27, 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
ISSN (print)2152-2715
ISSN (online)2152-2723

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