How to format your references using the Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson K. Nanotech growing pains. Nature 2007; 446:963.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murry CE, Lee RT. Development biology. Turnover after the fallout. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2009; 324:47–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari T, Canou A, Aly J-J. Characterizing and predicting the magnetic environment leading to solar eruptions. Nature 2014; 514:465–469.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barott KL, Helman Y, Haramaty L, et al. High adenylyl cyclase activity and in vivo cAMP fluctuations in corals suggest central physiological role. Scientific reports 2013; 3:1379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mix PE. (2004) Introduction to Nondestructive Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dillenburg SR. (2009) Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil. (Hesp PA, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Putora PM, Peters S, Bovet M. (2015) Informatics in Radiation Oncology. In: El Naqa I, Li R, Murphy MJ, eds. Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology: Theory and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2014) South African rhino poaching hits all-time high in 2013. (accessed Oct.30 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995) Governmentwide Initiatives: Critical Issues Facing the Post-FTS 2000 Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker M. (2017) Women’s Descriptions Six Months Post Notification of Positive BRCA 1/2 Genetic Mutations. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR. (2017) Mattis Beseeches Pacific Officials to ‘Bear With Us.’ New York Times. June 2, 2017:A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
ISSN (print)2152-2715
ISSN (online)2152-2723

Other styles