How to format your references using the Current Clinical Microbiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Clinical Microbiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hedrick PW. Comment on “Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality.” Science. 2004;303:957; author reply 957.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Balasubramanian M, Schwartz EL. The isomap algorithm and topological stability. Science. 2002;295:7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Margulies L, Winther G, Poulsen HF. In situ measurement of grain rotation during deformation of polycrystals. Science. 2001;291:2392–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Karrai K, Warburton RJ, Schulhauser C, Högele A, Urbaszek B, McGhee EJ, et al. Hybridization of electronic states in quantum dots through photon emission. Nature. 2004;427:135–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wegener E. Montagegerechte Anlagenplanung. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2003.
An edited book
1. Taylor JA, editor. The Physiology of Exercise in Spinal Cord Injury. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Haddad SAP, Serdijn WA. Analog Wavelet Filters: The Need for Approximation. In: Serdijn WA, editor. Ultra Low-Power Biomedical Signal Processing: An Analog Wavelet Filter Approach for Pacemakers. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 51–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Clinical Microbiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. 10 Deadliest Diseases in Human History. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Army Medium Trucks: Information on Delivery Delays and Corrosion Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jan. Report No.: NSIAD-99-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hardison A. Achieving Literacy Excellence through Identifying and Utilizing High Yield Strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rueb ES. Before Fire Under Tracks in East Harlem, a Business Took Root. New York Times. 2016 May 26;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Clinical Microbiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Clin. Microbiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-5471

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