How to format your references using the Current Clinical Microbiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Clinical Microbiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bardeen C. Electron transfer. Sometimes you can go home again. Science. 2001;293:444–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Seelig B, Szostak JW. Selection and evolution of enzymes from a partially randomized non-catalytic scaffold. Nature. 2007;448:828–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Oh K, Jeong KS, Moore JS. Folding-driven synthesis of oligomers. Nature. 2001;414:889–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Guo P, Xiao F, Liu Q, Liu H, Guo Y, Gong JR, et al. One-pot microbial method to synthesize dual-doped graphene and its use as high-performance electrocatalyst. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Möller R, Pöter H, Schwarze K. Planen und Bauen mit Trapezprofilen und Sandwichelementen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Carter CB, Williams DB, editors. Transmission Electron Microscopy: Diffraction, Imaging, and Spectrometry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wang T, Zhang Y, Yu H, Wang F. Key Technologies. In: Wang T, Zhang Y, Yu H, Wang F, editors. Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 31–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Clinical Microbiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists May Have Solved Origins Of Mysterious Feature In Venus’ Atmosphere [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Mar. Report No.: MWD-76-110.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Douglas L. Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Togetherness Helps Set Winner Apart. New York Times. 2011 Nov 7;F9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Clinical Microbiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Clin. Microbiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-5471

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