How to format your references using the Current Clinical Microbiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Clinical Microbiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lloyd S. Physics. Quantum procrastination. Science. 2012;338:621–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hatzor A, Weiss P. Molecular rulers for scaling down nanostructures. Science. 2001;291:1019–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Eggenschwiler JT, Espinoza E, Anderson KV. Rab23 is an essential negative regulator of the mouse Sonic hedgehog signalling pathway. Nature. 2001;412:194–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Brühl CA, Schmidt T, Pieper S, Alscher A. Terrestrial pesticide exposure of amphibians: an underestimated cause of global decline? Sci Rep. 2013;3:1135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chiang H-D. Direct Methods for Stability Analysis of Electric Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Tyring SK, editor. Mucosal Immunology and Virology. London: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jokinen K, Wilcock G. Modelling User Experience in Human-Robot Interactions. In: Böck R, Bonin F, Campbell N, Poppe R, editors. Multimodal Analyses enabling Artificial Agents in Human-Machine Interaction: Second International Workshop, MA3HMI 2014, Held in Conjunction with INTERSPEECH 2014, Singapore, Singapore, September 14, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Clinical Microbiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Curiosity Catches A Whiff Of Methane On Mars – And A Possibility Of Past Life [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/curiosity-catches-whiff-methane-mars-and-possibility-past-life/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Education Paperwork Requirements Are Burdensome: Better Federal Controls Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 May. Report No.: GGD-82-28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brawley K. A nutrition and physical activity curriculum for pregnant women [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. The Joy of a “Girl Racer” and a Wish for More. New York Times. 1998 Aug 23;810.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Clinical Microbiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Clin. Microbiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-5471
Scope

Other styles