How to format your references using the Current Sleep Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sleep Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Trust me, I’m a doctor. Nature. 2003;426:101.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Scully R, Livingston DM. In search of the tumour-suppressor functions of BRCA1 and BRCA2. Nature. 2000;408:429–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lee J-Y, Tang CY, Huo F. Fabrication of porous matrix membrane (PMM) using metal-organic framework as green template for water treatment. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3740.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cope GA, Suh GSB, Aravind L, Schwarz SE, Zipursky SL, Koonin EV, et al. Role of predicted metalloprotease motif of Jab1/Csn5 in cleavage of Nedd8 from Cul1. Science. 2002;298:608–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Korn GA. Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Mola L, Pennarola F, Za S, editors. From Information to Smart Society: Environment, Politics and Economics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pinto JM. Cultural and Educational Heritage, Social Structure and Quality of Life. In: Neave G, Amaral A, editors. Higher Education in Portugal 1974-2009: A Nation, a Generation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 89–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sleep Medicine Reports.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Australian Rabbits Adapting To Eat Plants Thought To Be Too Toxic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/australian-rabbits-adapting-to-eat-plants-thought-to-be-too-toxic/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Force Rationale for JDAM Production Decision. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Jun. Report No.: NSIAD-97-176R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lupian S. Educating the Latino community on the relationship between obesity and psychosocial well being [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Jul 6;C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sleep Medicine Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Sleep Med. Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6401
Scope

Other styles