How to format your references using the Current Sleep Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sleep Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gong P. China needs no foreign help to feed itself. Nature. 2011;474:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Norton DA, Didham RK. Comment on “Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests?” Science. 2007;315:1666; author reply 1666.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lam E, Kato N, Lawton M. Programmed cell death, mitochondria and the plant hypersensitive response. Nature. 2001;411:848–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Eilenberger F, Kabakova IV, de Sterke CM, Eggleton BJ, Pertsch T. Cavity Optical Pulse Extraction: ultra-short pulse generation as seeded Hawking radiation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gonzalez R, Qi F, Huang B. Process Control System Fault Diagnosis: A Bayesian Approach. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Alexander M, D’Ambra P, Belloum A, Bosilca G, Cannataro M, Danelutto M, et al., editors. Euro-Par 2011: Parallel Processing Workshops: CCPI, CGWS, HeteroPar, HiBB, HPCVirt, HPPC, HPSS, MDGS, ProPer, Resilience, UCHPC, VHPC, Bordeaux, France, August 29 – September 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chow JH, Galarza RJ. Excitation System Aggregation. In: Chow JH, editor. Power System Coherency and Model Reduction. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sleep Medicine Reports.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Millions Rely On Cheap Cloth Masks That May Provide Little Protection Against Deadly Air Pollution [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/millions-rely-on-cheap-cloth-masks-that-may-provide-little-protection-against-deadly-air-pollution/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Combined Fund Update. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 May. Report No.: HEHS-95-166R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lavoie D. Ecotone [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kanter J. Europe Weighs Tax Plans Aimed at Online Giants. New York Times. 2017 Sep 20;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sleep Medicine Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Sleep Med. Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6401
Scope

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