How to format your references using the Current Pathobiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pathobiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2003) Danish biotech centre faces axe. Nature 422:105
A journal article with 2 authors
Berg P, Lehman IR (2007) Retrospective: Arthur Kornberg (1918-2007). Science 318:1564
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietz H, Douglas SM, Shih WM (2009) Folding DNA into twisted and curved nanoscale shapes. Science 325:725–730
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dobrowsky TM, Rabi SA, Nedellec R, et al (2013) Adhesion and fusion efficiencies of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) surface proteins. Sci Rep 3:3014

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger WR (2005) Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Zimányi E, Kutsche R-D (2015) Business Intelligence: 4th European Summer School, eBISS 2014, Berlin, Germany, July 6-11, 2014, Tutorial Lectures. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Harrath N, Monsuez B, Barkaoui K (2014) A Framework for Verification of SystemC Designs Using SystemC Waiting State Automata. In: Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH (eds) Integration of Reusable Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pathobiology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launches Successfully. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Commercial Maritime Industry: Updated Information on Federal Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark KN (2012) Institutions and Self-Governing Social Systems: Linking Reflexivity and Institutional Theories for Cybersecurity and Other Commons Governance Policies. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cyran R, Hay G (2010) New Ventures Win Old Financiers. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pathobiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pathobiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-485X

Other styles