How to format your references using the Current Pathobiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pathobiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewontin R (2004) Evolution. Retrospective: in memory of John Maynard Smith (1920-2004). Science 304:979
A journal article with 2 authors
Khosla C, Tang Y (2005) Chemistry. A new route to designer antibiotics. Science 308:367–368
A journal article with 3 authors
Paolo FS, Fricker HA, Padman L (2015) Ice sheets. Volume loss from Antarctic ice shelves is accelerating. Science 348:327–331
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hjouj M, Lavee J, Last D, et al (2013) The effect of blood flow on magnetic resonance imaging of non thermal irreversible electroporation. Sci Rep 3:3088

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinclair E (2013) Volatility Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gaspar-Cunha A, Henggeler Antunes C, Coello CC (2015) Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Nica DV, Bordean D-M, Borozan AB, et al (2013) Use of Land Snails (Pulmonata) for Monitoring Copper Pollution in Terrestrial Ecosystems. In: Whitacre DM (ed) Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 95–137

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pathobiology Reports.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) New Super Black Material Absorbs 99.965% Of Light. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Social Security Statements: Observations on SSA’s Plans for the Social Security Statement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hurwitz BL (2012) Viral community dynamics and functional specialization in the Pacific Ocean. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Candaele K (2004) Caminiti’s Baseball Legacy. New York Times 811

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pathobiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pathobiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-485X

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