How to format your references using the Current Pathobiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pathobiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith C (2005) Genomics: SNPs and human disease. Nature 435:993
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Edgar BA, Kim KJ (2009) Cell biology. Sizing up the cell. Science 325:158–159
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lucia U, Ponzetto A, Deisboeck TS (2014) A thermo-physical analysis of the proton pump vacuolar-ATPase: the constructal approach. Sci Rep 4:6763
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kumar A, Arruda TM, Tselev A, et al (2013) Nanometer-scale mapping of irreversible electrochemical nucleation processes on solid Li-ion electrolytes. Sci Rep 3:1621

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fink JK (2016) Metallized and Magnetic Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Shepard R, Pitzer RM, Dunning T (2016) Isaiah Shavitt: A Memorial Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Li W, Tanaka Y, Okamura H (2014) IL-18. In: Yoshimoto T, Yoshimoto T (eds) Cytokine Frontiers: Regulation of Immune Responses in Health and Disease. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 103–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pathobiology Reports.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Study Finds Gamers Are Better Learners. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/study-finds-action-gamers-are-better-learners/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2017) Aviation Certification: FAA Has Made Continued Progress in Improving Its Processes for U.S. Aviation Products. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Klepper EM (2017) Andragogy and Workplace Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring Employees’ Perceptions of Their Relationships with Their Supervisors. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B (2016) For a Second Time This Year, Rio Defies the Odds. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pathobiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pathobiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-485X
Scope

Other styles