How to format your references using the Current Pathobiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pathobiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hand E (2008) Plumes of methane identified on Mars. Nature 455:1018
A journal article with 2 authors
Soldner F, Jaenisch R (2012) Medicine. iPSC disease modeling. Science 338:1155–1156
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu Q, Liu X, Tang D (2013) Extreme extensibility of copper foil under compound forming conditions. Sci Rep 3:3556
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Halder GJ, Kepert CJ, Moubaraki B, et al (2002) Guest-dependent spin crossover in a nanoporous molecular framework material. Science 298:1762–1765

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir I, Seabridge AG (2006) Military Avionics Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Duncan SFM (2012) Reoperative Hand Surgery. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Chopra S, Shim S, Steffy DE (2015) A few strong knapsack facets. In: Defourny B, Terlaky T (eds) Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: MOPTA, Bethlehem, PA, USA, August 2014 Selected Contributions. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pathobiology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) South Korean Tech Company Announces World’s First Braille Smartwatch. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs More Guidance on Decisions to Store Satellites. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alonzo CE (2010) Operation Uniting Families: Family treatment program a grant. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz J, Stolberg SG, Eligon J, Blinder A (2017) Before the Gunfire in Virginia, A Volatile Home Life in Illinois. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pathobiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Pathobiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-485X

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