How to format your references using the Current Oral Health Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Oral Health Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kontos T. Quantum physics: single electrons take the bus. Nature. 2011;477:414.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Graham S, Hegde D. Intellectual Property. Disclosing patents’ secrets. Science. 2015;347:236–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Esvelt KM, Carlson JC, Liu DR. A system for the continuous directed evolution of biomolecules. Nature. 2011;472:499–503.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McConnell JR, Arthern RJ, Mosley-Thompson E, Davis CH, Bales RC, Thomas R, et al. Changes in Greenland ice sheet elevation attributed primarily to snow accumulation variability. Nature. 2000;406:877–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chandru V, Hooker J. Optimization Methods for Logical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1. Wong CP, Moon K-S, Li Y (grace), editors. Nano-Bio- Electronic, Photonic and MEMS Packaging. 1st ed. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Carroll M, Kotzé P, van der Merwe A. Securing Virtual and Cloud Environments. In: Ivanov I, van Sinderen M, Shishkov B, editors. Cloud Computing and Services Science. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Oral Health Reports.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Scientists Control Light Wakes For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Budget: Issues Related to the Fiscal Year 1996 Request. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED/AIMD-95-131.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Monosky KA. Perceived effectiveness and utility of various EMS credentials [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; The Matter of Trust: Clinton’s Big Burden. New York Times. 1992 Oct 18;124.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Oral Health Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Oral Health Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-3002

Other styles