How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman M: Journal club. A palaeontologist ponders how biodiversity is spread across the vertebrate tree of life. Nature 2009, 462:255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heckman TM, Kauffmann G: The coevolution of galaxies and supermassive black holes: a local perspective. Science 2011, 333:182–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman KL, Abarbanel HDI, Kristan WB Jr: Optical imaging of neuronal populations during decision-making. Science 2005, 307:896–901.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kroodsma DA, Mayorga J, Hochberg T, Miller NA, Boerder K, Ferretti F, Wilson A, Bergman B, White TD, Block BA, et al.: Response to Comment on “Tracking the global footprint of fisheries.” Science 2018, 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Declerck P: Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Deng Z, Neumann U (Eds): Data-Driven 3D Facial Animation. Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Simons RA, Pai SH: Indigenous Land Claims in Canada: A Retrospective Analysis. In Indigenous Peoples and Real Estate Valuation. Edited by Small G, Malmgren RM, Simons RA. Springer US; 2008:77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew E: The Pope As Messenger: Making Climate Change A Moral Issue. IFLScience 2015,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Comments on Protection of Pricing Information Under GSA Procurement for Telecommunications Services]. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valadez I: A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal. 2010,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Justices Will Hear Case On Evidence Suppression. New York Times 2008,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Neurobiology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0959-4388
ISSN (online)1873-6882
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

Other styles