How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bally J: Astrophysics: Mystery survivor of a supermassive black hole. Nature 2015, 524:301–302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huey RB, Moody WJ: Neuroscience and evolution. Snake sodium channels resist TTX arrest. Science 2002, 297:1289–1290.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palter JB, Lozier MS, Barber RT: The effect of advection on the nutrient reservoir in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Nature 2005, 437:687–692.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Styer KL, Singh V, Macosko E, Steele SE, Bargmann CI, Aballay A: Innate immunity in Caenorhabditis elegans is regulated by neurons expressing NPR-1/GPCR. Science 2008, 322:460–464.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M: Process Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Gutwirth S, Poullet Y, De Hert P, Leenes R (Eds): Computers, Privacy and Data Protection: an Element of Choice. Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Buades JM, González-Hidalgo M, Perales FJ, Ramis-Guarinos S, Oliver A, Montiel E: A Fast Geometric Deformation Method to Adapt a Foot to a Platform. In Deformation Models: Tracking, Animation and Applications. Edited by González Hidalgo M, Mir Torres A, Varona Gómez J. Springer Netherlands; 2013:121–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrews R: Coldest Temperature In The Universe Created In American Laboratory. IFLScience 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clyde KM: Instructors’ Perceptions of the National Association of Schools of Music Influence on the Development of Undergraduate Applied Percussion Curricula. 2012,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herskovic L: Blunt Doctor Cures Headaches. New York Times 2013,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Neurobiology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)0959-4388
ISSN (online)1873-6882
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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