How to format your references using the Biomedical Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx V: When disease strikes from nowhere. Nature 513: 445–448, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tholl D and Gershenzon J: BIOCHEMISTRY. The flowering of a new scent pathway in rose. Science 349: 28–29, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet JC, Barois P and Poulin P: Colloidal ordering from phase separation in a liquid-crystalline continuous phase. Nature 407: 611–613, 2000.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Volkman BF, Lipson D, Wemmer DE and Kern D: Two-state allosteric behavior in a single-domain signaling protein. Science 291: 2429–2433, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nyce DS: Position Sensors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Qin Y: Global Well-posedness of Nonlinear Parabolic-Hyperbolic Coupled Systems. (Huang L (ed.)). Springer, Basel, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Lim WJ, Jambek AB, Neoh SC, et al.: Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm 2 in Optimizing Ninth Order Multiple Feedback Chebyshev Low Pass Filter. In: Theory and Applications of Applied Electromagnetics: APPEIC 2014. Sulaiman HA, Othman MA, Abd. Aziz MZA and Abd Malek MF (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp31–39, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Reports.

Blog post
Andrew D: Forget Iron Man: Skintight Suits Are The Future Of Robotic Exoskeletons. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomlinson KL: Working with the imaginal: Art-making and dialogue with figures of soul., 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vaissié C: Can Putin influence the French election? New York Times: 0, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Reports
AbbreviationBiomed. Rep.
ISSN (print)2049-9434
ISSN (online)2049-9442
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine
General Neuroscience
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles