How to format your references using the Biomedical Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sjöberg B-M: Biochemistry. A never-ending story. Science 329: 1475–1476, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
LaCour MJ and Green DP: Political science. When contact changes minds: an experiment on transmission of support for gay equality. Science 346: 1366–1369, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhang C, Chan CT and Hu X: Broadband focusing and collimation of water waves by zero refractive index. Sci Rep 4: 6979, 2014.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Coronado E, Galán-Mascarós JR, Gómez-García CJ and Laukhin V: Coexistence of ferromagnetism and metallic conductivity in a molecule-based layered compound. Nature 408: 447–449, 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Funk W, Dammann V, Donnevert G, Ianelli S, Ianelli E and Gray A: Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2006.
An edited book
1.
Chechik M and Raskin J-F: Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 22nd International Conference, TACAS 2016, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2016, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, April 2-8, 2016, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
German J: Lead Time, Customers, and Technology: Technology Opportunities and Limits on the Rate of Deployment. In: Reducing Climate Impacts in the Transportation Sector. Cannon JS and Sperling D (eds.) Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp73–100, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Reports.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S: Unenthusiastic Sex Doesn’t Make You Happy. IFLScience, 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Combined Fund Update. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sosa Tzec O: Delightful Interactive Systems: A Rhetorical Examination., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY JC Jr: State Senators Confirm First Openly Gay Judge For New York’s Top Court. New York Times: A22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,1).
This sentence cites four references (1,1,1,1).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Reports
AbbreviationBiomed. Rep.
ISSN (print)2049-9434
ISSN (online)2049-9442
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine
General Neuroscience
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles