How to format your references using the Biomedical Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ploegh HL: Don Craig Wiley (1944-2001). Nature 415: 492, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wordsworth R and Pierrehumbert R: Hydrogen-nitrogen greenhouse warming in Earth’s early atmosphere. Science 339: 64–67, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Petrides M, Cadoret G and Mackey S: Orofacial somatomotor responses in the macaque monkey homologue of Broca’s area. Nature 435: 1235–1238, 2005.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Huang Y, Zha G, Luo Q, et al.: The construction of hierarchical structure on Ti substrate with superior osteogenic activity and intrinsic antibacterial capability. Sci Rep 4: 6172, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Savaux V and Louët Y: MMSE-Based Algorithm for Joint Signal Detection, Channel and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
1.
Guin D, Ruthven K and Trouche L: The Didactical Challenge of Symbolic Calculators: Turning a Computational Device into a Mathematical Instrument. Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Feldman RM and Valdez-Flores C: Poisson Processes. In: Applied Probability and Stochastic Processes. Valdez-Flores C (ed.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp115–139, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Reports.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A: Gigantic Ice Cloud Spreads Across Titan. IFLScience, 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Teacher Quality: Approaches, Implementation, and Evaluation of Key Federal Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fengler K: Everyday Aesthetics and the Environmental Significance of Everyday Aesthetics: A High School Art Unit of Instruction Promoting Positive Attitudinal Changes towards the Environment., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Yablonsky L: Eye Spy. New York Times: 6228, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Reports
AbbreviationBiomed. Rep.
ISSN (print)2049-9434
ISSN (online)2049-9442
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine
General Neuroscience
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles