How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.H. Baughman, Auxetic materials: avoiding the shrink, Nature. 425 (2003) 667.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Sato, K. Sato, Degradation of paternal mitochondria by fertilization-triggered autophagy in C. elegans embryos, Science. 334 (2011) 1141–1144.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.V. Rockman, S.S. Skrovanek, L. Kruglyak, Selection at linked sites shapes heritable phenotypic variation in C. elegans, Science. 330 (2010) 372–376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.L. Coleman, M.B. Sullivan, A.C. Martiny, C. Steglich, K. Barry, E.F. Delong, S.W. Chisholm, Genomic islands and the ecology and evolution of Prochlorococcus, Science. 311 (2006) 1768–1770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Zhang, X. Chou, T. Shi, Z. Ma, H. Bao, J. Chen, L. Chen, D. Li, C. Xue, Measurement Technology for Micro-Nanometer Devices, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2016.
An edited book
C. Blaschke, H. Shatkay, eds., Linking Literature, Information, and Knowledge for Biology: Workshop of the BioLink Special Interest Group, ISMB/ECCB 2009, Stockholm, June 28-29, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Peardon, Monte Carlo Simulations of Lattice QCD, in: A. Bori~i, A. Frommer, B. Joó, A. Kennedy, B. Pendleton (Eds.), QCD and Numerical Analysis III: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Numerical Analysis and Lattice QCD, Edinburgh June-July 2003, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why Do Bats Transmit So Many Diseases?, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Studies of U.S. Universities’ Research Equipment Needs Inconclusive, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.D. Boyer, Organizational improvisation within an episodic planning model: A systems perspective, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sabrina Tavernise With, For the Families, Anger Mixes With Mourning, New York Times. (2000) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Green Sustain. Chem.
ISSN (print)2452-2236
Process Chemistry and Technology
Chemistry (miscellaneous)
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles