How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
X. Peng, China’s demographic history and future challenges, Science. 333 (2011) 581–587.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Boyet, R.W. Carlson, 142Nd evidence for early (>4.53 Ga) global differentiation of the silicate Earth, Science. 309 (2005) 576–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.M. O’D Alexander, A.P. Boss, R.W. Carlson, The early evolution of the inner solar system: a meteoritic perspective, Science. 293 (2001) 64–68.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Brinster, G. Lamberet, B. Staels, P. Trieu-Cuot, A. Gruss, C. Poyart, Type II fatty acid synthesis is not a suitable antibiotic target for Gram-positive pathogens, Nature. 458 (2009) 83–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W.S. Mallios, Forecasting in Financial and Sports Gambling Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
G. Nicolescu, I. O’Connor, C. Piguet, eds., Design Technology for Heterogeneous Embedded Systems, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Carneiro, A.M.V. Simao, Technology Enhanced Environments for Selfregulated Learning in Teaching Practices, in: R. Carneiro, P. Lefrere, K. Steffens, J. Underwood (Eds.), Self-Regulated Learning in Technology Enhanced Learning Environments: A European Perspective, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2011: pp. 75–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why Women’s Eggs Run Out And What Can Be Done About It, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Computer-Based Patient Records: Subcommittee Questions Concerning VA and DOD Efforts to Achieve a Two-Way Exchange of Health Data, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.M. Robey, The Benefits of Testing: Individual Differences Based on Student Factors, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, U.S. and Algeria: Two Outsiders, but No Room for Both, New York Times. (2010) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Green Sustain. Chem.
ISSN (print)2452-2236
Process Chemistry and Technology
Chemistry (miscellaneous)
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles