How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Horton, Universities encourage industrialists to come back to their roots, Nature. 404 (2000) 793–794.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Langer, D.A. Tirrell, Designing materials for biology and medicine, Nature. 428 (2004) 487–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.B. Griesinger, C.D. Richards, J.F. Ashmore, Fast vesicle replenishment allows indefatigable signalling at the first auditory synapse, Nature. 435 (2005) 212–215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Uka, A. Takahashi-Nakaguchi, J. Yoshimura, K. Iwabuchi, Male soldiers are functional in the Japanese strain of a polyembryonic wasp, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.G. Speight, Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
G. Csurka, M. Kraus, R.S. Laramee, P. Richard, J. Braz, eds., Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics. Theory and Application: 7th International Joint Conference, VISIGRAPP 2012, Rome, Italy, February 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
F.M. Wigley, Ischemic Digital Ulcers, in: M.D. Mayes (Ed.), A Visual Guide to Scleroderma and Approach to Treatment, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Mega Star Viewed In Unprecedented Detail, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Electronic Government: Implementation of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.L. Hartley, Transnational jazz and blues: Aural aesthetics and African diasporic fiction, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Antitrust Policy Ambiguity To Be on Justices’ Docket, New York Times. (2006) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Green Sustain. Chem.
ISSN (print)2452-2236
Process Chemistry and Technology
Chemistry (miscellaneous)
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles