How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Electrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Electrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.C.J. Godfray, Ecology. Society, where none intrudes, Science. 343 (2014) 1213–1214.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.-H. Kang, Q.-H. Park, Fractional tunnelling resonance in plasmonic media, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2423.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.R. Meza, S. Das, J.R. Greer, Strong, lightweight, and recoverable three-dimensional ceramic nanolattices, Science. 345 (2014) 1322–1326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Xu, P.J. Makovicky, X.-L. Wang Xl, M.A. Norell, H.-L. You Hl, A ceratopsian dinosaur from China and the early evolution of Ceratopsia, Nature. 416 (2002) 314–317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Ciana, New Frontiers in Technical Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
A.K. Manrai, H.L. Meadow, eds., Global Perspectives in Marketing for the 21st Century: Proceedings of the 1999 World Marketing Congress, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Hong, J. Fang, Y. Tao, Ground Control Station Development for Autonomous UAV, in: C. Xiong, H. Liu, Y. Huang, Y. Xiong (Eds.), Intelligent Robotics and Applications: First International Conference, ICIRA 2008 Wuhan, China, October 15-17, 2008 Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 36–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Electrochemistry.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, SpaceX Wants To Start Launching Rockets “Every Two To Three Weeks,” IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Contemplated Legislation To Provide Telecommunications for the Deaf, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.K. Kashyap, Bit Error Rate Performance of 4x2 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Conjugate Cancellation Techniques, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, A Princess (Maybe) With an Identity Crisis, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Electrochemistry
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Electrochem.
ISSN (print)2451-9103

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