How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Electrochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Electrochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Grützmacher, CHEMISTRY: New Chemical Bricks Made Through Phosphorus Tricks, Science. 289 (2000) 737–738.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Catalan, J.F. Scott, Magnetoelectrics: is CdCr2S4 a multiferroic relaxor?, Nature. 448 (2007) E4-5; discussion E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Kusano, D.M. Johnson-Schlitz, W.R. Engels, Sterility of Drosophila with mutations in the Bloom syndrome gene--complementation by Ku70, Science. 291 (2001) 2600–2602.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z.-D. Zhao, Z. Yang, Z. Zhang, T. Zhou, Z.-G. Huang, Y.-C. Lai, Emergence of scaling in human-interest dynamics, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Todinov, Reliability and Risk Models, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
U. Wittrock, ed., Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop Münster, Germany, Oct. 19–24, 2003, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Gharibreza, M.A. Ashraf, Soil Erosion Rate and Nutrient Loss at the Bera Lake Catchment, in: M.A. Ashraf (Ed.), Applied Limnology: Comprehensive View from Watershed to Lake, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2014: pp. 107–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Electrochemistry.

Blog post
D. Andrew, There Are Bright Spots Among The World’s Coral Reefs – The Challenge Is To Learn From Them, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Survey of Workforce Investment Board Directors on the Use of Individual Training Accounts, an E-supplement to GAO-05-650, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.A. Shore, The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, It’s Jelena Ostapenko on Her ID, and Alona to Those in the Know, New York Times. (2017) SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Electrochemistry
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Electrochem.
ISSN (print)2451-9103

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