How to format your references using the Current Medical Research and Opinion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Medical Research and Opinion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Laming JM. Astronomy. More supernova surprises. Science. 2010;329:1604–1605.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Caicedo A, Roper SD. Taste receptor cells that discriminate between bitter stimuli. Science. 2001;291:1557–1560.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Amodeo GA, Rudolph MJ, Tong L. Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. Nature. 2007;449:492–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Sang H, Jarvis SP, Zhou Z, et al. Identifying tips for intramolecular NC-AFM imaging via in situ fingerprinting. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Straus SE, Sackett DL. Mentorship in Academic Medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Fang AC, Thierry F, editors. The Language and Iconography of Chinese Charms: Deciphering a Past Belief System. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chiong R, Kirley M. Co-evolutionary Learning in the N-player Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma with a Structured Environment. In: Korb K, Randall M, Hendtlass T, editors. Artificial Life: Borrowing from Biology: 4th Australian Conference, ACAL 2009, Melbourne, Australia, December 1-4, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 32–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Medical Research and Opinion.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. HIV-Infected Organs Transplanted For The First Time In The U.K [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/doctors-uk-successfully-carry-out-kidney-and-liver-transplants-using-hiv/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: Attention to Critical Issues Can Bring Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991. Report No.: T-IMTEC-91-8. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Paredes J. Critical Support for Central American Newcomer Youth and Schooling in One Southern California High School [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Slotnik DE. Joyce Carol Thomas, 78, Novelist and Poet. New York Times. 2016 Aug 24;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
AbbreviationCurr. Med. Res. Opin.
ISSN (print)0300-7995
ISSN (online)1473-4877
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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