How to format your references using the Current Issues in Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Issues in Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bretag, A. H. (2007). Stem cell treatment of dystrophic dogs. Nature, 450(7173), E23; discussion E23-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kashefi, K., & Lovley, D. R. (2003). Extending the upper temperature limit for life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5635), 934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfe, N. D., Dunavan, C. P., & Diamond, J. (2007). Origins of major human infectious diseases. Nature, 447(7142), 279–283.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rauh, N. R., Schmidt, A., Bormann, J., Nigg, E. A., & Mayer, T. U. (2005). Calcium triggers exit from meiosis II by targeting the APC/C inhibitor XErp1 for degradation. Nature, 437(7061), 1048–1052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Batatia, H., & Messai, A. (2016). Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
BassiriRad, H. (Ed.). (2005). Nutrient Acquisition by Plants: An Ecological Perspective (Vol. 181). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
van Velzen, C., Bezzina, C., & Lorist, P. (2009). Partnerships Between Schools and Teacher Education Institutes. In A. Swennen & M. van der Klink (Eds.), Becoming a Teacher Educator: Theory and Practice for Teacher Educators (pp. 59–73). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Issues in Tourism.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 19). An Experimental Stem Cell Treatment Lead To A Woman Accidentally Growing A Nose On Her Spine. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen Grants Management (GAO-12-158). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Han, B. (2008). Mechanistic Consequences of Cardiac Oxidative Stress [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting for this article. (2004, November 6). 2nd Russian Jury Convicts a Physicist Who Was Acquitted of Spy Charges. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bretag, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bretag, 2007; Kashefi & Lovley, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kashefi & Lovley, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Wolfe et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rauh et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Issues in Tourism
AbbreviationCurr. Issues Tourism
ISSN (print)1368-3500
ISSN (online)1747-7603
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

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