How to format your references using the Current Issues in Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Issues in Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McArdle, J. (2000). Animal Welfare Act’s Changes Deserve Praise, Not Panic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), 1299c–1300c.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garrett, S., & Rosenthal, J. J. C. (2012). RNA editing underlies temperature adaptation in K+ channels from polar octopuses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6070), 848–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okita, K., Ichisaka, T., & Yamanaka, S. (2007). Generation of germline-competent induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature, 448(7151), 313–317.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, X., Auler, A. S., Edwards, R. L., Cheng, H., Cristalli, P. S., Smart, P. L., Richards, D. A., & Shen, C.-C. (2004). Wet periods in northeastern Brazil over the past 210 kyr linked to distant climate anomalies. Nature, 432(7018), 740–743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crane, S. (2013). Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Dao. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Franco, L., Elizondo, D. A., & Jerez, J. M. (Eds.). (2009). Constructive Neural Networks (Vol. 258). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sjölander, A. E., Boström, K. W., & Ögren, K. (2010). Framing Chemical Risks in Sweden and Poland: Journalists’ Narratives and Media Texts. In J. Eriksson, M. Gilek, & C. Rudén (Eds.), Regulating Chemical Risks: European and Global Challenges (pp. 45–69). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Issues in Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 28). Why Men And Women Can’t Agree On The Perfect Temperature. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Program Administration at the Atterbury Job Corps Center in Indiana (B-130515). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fino, M. (2010). Fruit and vegetable intake and exercise practices of college students of color [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, March 16). In Prime Time, a Rerun of the President’s Favorite Falsehoods. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McArdle, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Garrett & Rosenthal, 2012; McArdle, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garrett & Rosenthal, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Okita et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Issues in Tourism
AbbreviationCurr. Issues Tourism
ISSN (print)1368-3500
ISSN (online)1747-7603
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles