How to format your references using the Current Issues in Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Issues in Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2012). I was sued for libel under an unjust law. Nature, 487(7406), 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, G., & Cai, W. (2013). Climate-change impact on the 20th-century relationship between the Southern Annular Mode and global mean temperature. Scientific Reports, 3, 2039.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prieto, M. A., Brunetti, G., & Mack, K.-H. (2002). Particle accelerators in the hot spots of radio galaxy 3C 445, imaged with the VLT. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 193–195.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wittebolle, L., Marzorati, M., Clement, L., Balloi, A., Daffonchio, D., Heylen, K., … Boon, N. (2009). Initial community evenness favours functionality under selective stress. Nature, 458(7238), 623–626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, A. (2015). The Complete Software Project Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McLean, K. C., & Pasupathi, M. (Eds.). (2010). Narrative Development in Adolescence: Creating the Storied Self. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Batura, O., & Evas, T. (2016). Information Society Goes East: ICT Policy in the EU’s Eastern Partnership Cooperation Framework. In T. Kerikmäe & A. Chochia (Eds.), Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy (pp. 39–57). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Issues in Tourism.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 6). Fin cams reveal the secret lives of sharks. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Revisions Needed in Financial Management Policies of the Federal Government’s Automatic Data Processing Fund (No. B-115369). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim, T. (2017). Information-Theoretic Aspects of Signal Analysis and Reconstruction (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 3). A Guide to Screen Cred. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier, 2012; Wang & Cai, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Cai, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Prieto, Brunetti, & Mack, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wittebolle et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Issues in Tourism
AbbreviationCurr. Issues Tourism
ISSN (print)1368-3500
ISSN (online)1747-7603
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

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