How to format your references using the Current Issues in Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Issues in Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wan, Z. (2015). China’s scientific progress hinges on access to data. Nature, 520(7549), 587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mercer, J. M., & Roth, V. L. (2003). The effects of Cenozoic global change on squirrel phylogeny. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5612), 1568–1572.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karsai, M., Perra, N., & Vespignani, A. (2014). Time varying networks and the weakness of strong ties. Scientific Reports, 4, 4001.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
de Villeneuve, V. W. A., Dullens, R. P. A., Aarts, D. G. A. L., Groeneveld, E., Scherff, J. H., Kegel, W. K., & Lekkerkerker, H. N. W. (2005). Colloidal hard-sphere crystal growth frustrated by large spherical impurities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5738), 1231–1233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tapiero, C. S. (2010). Risk Finance and Asset Pricing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Defler, T. R., & Stevenson, P. R. (Eds.). (2014). The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research (Vol. 39). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
White, J. T., Motlagh, H. N., Li, J., Thompson, E. B., & Hilser, V. J. (2015). Allosteric Regulation and Intrinsic Disorder in Nuclear Hormone Receptors. In I. J. McEwan & R. Kumar (Eds.), Nuclear Receptors: From Structure to the Clinic (pp. 73–91). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Issues in Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 24). Voyager 1: Boldly Going Where No Man-Made Object Has Gone Before. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Important Progress Made to Develop Business Enterprise Architecture, but Much Work Remains (GAO-03-1018). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Veru, P. T. (2009). The National-Dobro Guitar Company: How the resonator guitar survived the age of electric amplification [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Danforth, J., Hart, G., Billington, J. H., Simpson, A. K., McGOVERN, G., Kettmann, S., Mondale, W. F., Ashcroft, J. D., Smith, E. M., & Chafee, L. (2010, June 29). Robert Byrd, Living History. New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mercer & Roth, 2003; Wan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mercer & Roth, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Karsai et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (de Villeneuve et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Issues in Tourism
AbbreviationCurr. Issues Tourism
ISSN (print)1368-3500
ISSN (online)1747-7603
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles