How to format your references using the Current Environmental Health Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Environmental Health Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Benner SA. Natural progression. Nature. 2001;409:459.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Scott SH, Crevecoeur F. Neuroscience: Feedback throttled down for smooth moves. Nature. 2014;509:38–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Watson EB, Thomas JB, Cherniak DJ. 40Ar retention in the terrestrial planets. Nature. 2007;449:299–304.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bhattacharya S, Narasimha S, Roy A, Banerjee S. Does shining light on gold colloids influence aggregation? Sci Rep. 2014;4:5213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Naylor W, Laverty D, Mallett J. The Royal Marsden Hospital Handbook of Wound Management in Cancer Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Müller DK, Lundmark L, Lemelin RH, editors. New Issues in Polar Tourism: Communities, Environments, Politics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Higgins H. Wireless Communication. In: Yang G-Z, editor. Body Sensor Networks. London: Springer; 2006. p. 117–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Environmental Health Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Ancient Mega-Shark Unearthed In Texas [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Status and Challenges of Employee Exchange Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Dec. Report No.: GAO-07-216.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Viator L. Thanatos [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets’ Hobbled Rotation Takes Another Big Hit Before a Loss to the Nationals. New York Times. 2016 Sep 3;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Environmental Health Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Environ. Health Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-5412

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