How to format your references using the The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dando M. 2009. Biologists napping while work militarized. Nature 460:950–951.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhoudt DN, Crego-Calama M. 2002. Synthesis beyond the molecule. Science 295:2403–2407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bartels T, Choi JG, Selkoe DJ. 2011. α-Synuclein occurs physiologically as a helically folded tetramer that resists aggregation. Nature 477:107–110.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang DD, Zhou W, Yan H, Wong M, Lee V. 2013. Personalized prediction of EGFR mutation-induced drug resistance in lung cancer. Sci. Rep. 3:2855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2003. Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heinrichs D, Krellenberg K, Hansjürgens B, Martínez F eds. 2012. Risk Habitat Megacity. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Lengstorf J, Leggetter P. 2013. Determining the App’s Functionality and Structure. In: Leggetter P, editor. Realtime Web Apps: With HTML5 WebSocket, PHP, and jQuery. Berkeley, CA: Apress. pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry.

Blog post
Davis J. 2017. Aerial Footage Of The Enormous Antarctic Ice Crack That’s Worrying Scientists. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Information Technology: Assessment of the Department of Commerce’s Report on Workforce Demand and Supply. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibson JJ. 2017. An Assessment of Factors Relating to High School Students’ Science Self-Efficacy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM. 2015. U.A.W. Contract With General Motors Is Ratified After Delay. New York Times:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dando 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Reinhoudt and Crego-Calama 2002; Dando 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhoudt and Crego-Calama 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
AbbreviationWorld J. Biol. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1562-2975
ISSN (online)1814-1412
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles