How to format your references using the The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chatterjee R. 2006. 2006 Visualization Challenge winners. Science 313:1730–1735.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hempstead BL, Salzer JL. 2002. Neurobiology. A glial spin on neurotrophins. Science 298:1184–1186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Djuranovic S, Nahvi A, Green R. 2012. miRNA-mediated gene silencing by translational repression followed by mRNA deadenylation and decay. Science 336:237–240.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gloeckler G, Geiss J, Schwadron NA, Fisk LA, Zurbuchen TH, Ipavich FM, et al. 2000. Interception of comet Hyakutake’s ion tail at a distance of 500 million kilometres. Nature 404:576–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P, Hampton D. 2014. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Carr BI, Steel J eds. 2013. Psychological Aspects of Cancer. Boston, MA: Springer US
A chapter in an edited book
Fan W, Shi J, Bu W. 2016. Engineering Upconversion Nanoparticles for Multimodal Biomedical Imaging-Guided Therapeutic Applications. In: Dai Z, editor. Advances in Nanotheranostics I: Design and Fabrication of Theranosic Nanoparticles. Springer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 165–195.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. Here’s How To Beat The Queues At The Supermarket Checkout. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/heres-how-to-beat-the-queues-at-the-supermarket-checkout/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Highway Projects: Extent of Unobligated Balances for Demonstration Projects as of March 31, 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith GS. 2008. The relationship between legislative implementations and educator readiness in inclusive educational environments.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. 2017. The Rise of Surreality TV. New York Times:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chatterjee 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hempstead and Salzer 2002; Chatterjee 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hempstead and Salzer 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gloeckler et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
AbbreviationWorld J. Biol. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1562-2975
ISSN (online)1814-1412
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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