How to format your references using the The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pleasants S. 2014. Epidemiology: a moving target. Nature 515:S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fields S, Johnston M. 2005. Cell biology. Whither model organism research? Science 307:1885–1886.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cumings J, Collins PG, Zettl A. 2000. Peeling and sharpening multiwall nanotubes. Nature 406:586.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ligi M, Bonatti E, Cuffaro M, Brunelli D. 2013. Post-mesozoic rapid increase of seawater Mg/Ca due to enhanced mantle-seawater interaction. Sci. Rep. 3:2752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King JA, Timacheff S. 2008. Digital Photography for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Klin M, Jones GA, Jurišić A, Muzychuk M, Ponomarenko I eds. 2009. Algorithmic Algebraic Combinatorics and Gröbner Bases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Niewiesk S. 2009. Current Animal Models: Cotton Rat Animal Model. In: Griffin DE, Oldstone MBA, editors. Measles: Pathogenesis and Control. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Electric Bacteria Eat Electrons. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Navigation Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marcheschi RL. 2010. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding individuals with epilepsy by marriage and family therapists and social workers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach M. 2013. The Mouth’s Guard. New York Times:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pleasants 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fields and Johnston 2005; Pleasants 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fields and Johnston 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ligi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
AbbreviationWorld J. Biol. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1562-2975
ISSN (online)1814-1412
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles