How to format your references using the The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer T. 2014. Climate forecasting: build high-resolution global climate models. Nature 515:338–339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilga CD, Lauder GV. 2004. Biomechanics: hydrodynamic function of the shark’s tail. Nature 430:850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daniel S, Chaudhury MK, Chen JC. 2001. Fast drop movements resulting from the phase change on a gradient surface. Science 291:633–636.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zheng F, Wang Z, Kang W, Zhang P. 2013. Antiferromagnetic FeSe monolayer on SrTiO3: the charge doping and electric field effects. Sci. Rep. 3:2213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon J. 2013. The Design Manager’s Handbook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Petsche H-J, Lewis AC, Liesen J, Russ S eds. 2011. From Past to Future: Graßmann’s Work in Context: Graßmann Bicentennial Conference, September 2009. Basel: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Boxer D. 2010. Discourse Issues in Cross-Cultural Pragmatics: Educating the Community. In: Hult FM, editor. Directions and Prospects for Educational Linguistics. Educational Linguistics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. pp. 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Researchers Have Uncovered Perfectly Preserved Fossilized Brains That Are Half-A-Billion Years Old. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Overhead Costs: Costs Charged by McDonnell Douglas Aerospace’s Space Station Division. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holvick-Norton T. 2015. Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. 2017. Michael Tilson Thomas To Step Down in 2020. New York Times:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wilga and Lauder 2004; Palmer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilga and Lauder 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
AbbreviationWorld J. Biol. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1562-2975
ISSN (online)1814-1412
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles