How to format your references using the European Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Graham-Rowe, Therapeutics: Strength in numbers, Nature. 489 (2012) S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.D. Price, S.M. Howitt, Plant science: Towards turbocharged photosynthesis, Nature. 513 (2014) 497–498.
A journal article with 3 authors
H.C. Chang, J. Paek, D.H. Kim, Natural polymorphisms in C. elegans HECW-1 E3 ligase affect pathogen avoidance behaviour, Nature. 480 (2011) 525–529.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Eggert, M. Naumann, R. Reimer, C.A. Voigt, Nanoscale glucan polymer network causes pathogen resistance, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.J. Madden, Wealth Creation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
M.W. Sabelis, J. Bruin, eds., Trends in Acarology: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
V.M. Heredia, J. Urrutia, On Convex Quadrangulations of Point Sets on the Plane, in: J. Akiyama, W.Y.C. Chen, M. Kano, X. Li, Q. Yu (Eds.), Discrete Geometry, Combinatorics and Graph Theory: 7th China-Japan Conference, CJCDGCGT 2005, Tianjin, China, November 18-20, 2005, Xi’an, China, November 22-24, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 38–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Anti-aging formula slated to begin human trials, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Answers to Independence Standard Questions (Superseded by GAO-12-331G) GAO-02-870G, July 2002, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.A. Gomes, Cognitive science approaches to actor training: Interrogating conceptual language, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. Steinhauer, Long Critical of Trump’s Ideas, Republicans Now Applaud Them, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationEur. J. Comb.
ISSN (print)0195-6698
ScopeDiscrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

Other styles