How to format your references using the European Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Back on track?, Nature. 430 (2004) 381.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.T. Ngai, D.S. Srivastava, Predators accelerate nutrient cycling in a bromeliad ecosystem, Science. 314 (2006) 963.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.C. Antón, R. Potts, L.C. Aiello, Human evolution. Evolution of early Homo: an integrated biological perspective, Science. 345 (2014) 1236828.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Ressl, A.C. Terwisscha van Scheltinga, C. Vonrhein, V. Ott, C. Ziegler, Molecular basis of transport and regulation in the Na(+)/betaine symporter BetP, Nature. 458 (2009) 47–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Belliotti, Dante’s Deadly Sins, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Y. Hatamura, ed., Decision-Making in Engineering Design: Theory and Practice, Springer, London, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Gerrath, U. Posluszny, L. Melville, Identification of Vitaceae in North America, in: U. Posluszny, L. Melville (Eds.), Taming the Wild Grape: Botany and Horticulture in the Vitaceae, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 65–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Fossil Clue Found To Epic Ancient Battle Between Huge Predators, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Job Training Partnership Act: Information on Set-Aside Funding for Assistance to Older Workers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.C. Brady, The transforming Rho family GTPase, Wrch -1, regulates epithelial cell morphogenesis through modulating cell junctions and actin cytoskeletal dynamics, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gorman, One-Celled Hunter With Impressive Weapon, New York Times. (2017) D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationEur. J. Comb.
ISSN (print)0195-6698
ScopeDiscrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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