How to format your references using the European Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Ball, Life’s lessons in design, Nature. 409 (2001) 413–416.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Shindo, J.B. Wallingford, PCP and septins compartmentalize cortical actomyosin to direct collective cell movement, Science. 343 (2014) 649–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Sousa-Nunes, L.L. Yee, A.P. Gould, Fat cells reactivate quiescent neuroblasts via TOR and glial insulin relays in Drosophila, Nature. 471 (2011) 508–512.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.D. Watts, R.W. Compton, J.H. McCammon, C.L. Rich, S.M. Wright, T. Owens, D.S. Ouren, Roadless space of the conterminous United States, Science. 316 (2007) 736–738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Korhonen, T. Savolainen, J. Soininen, Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
J.K. Gilbert, Modelling-based Teaching in Science Education, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J.H. Chow, R.J. Galarza, Excitation System Aggregation, in: J.H. Chow (Ed.), Power System Coherency and Model Reduction, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Political, Religious Identity More Influential Than Scientific Literacy, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Board Operations and Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.J. Whitesides, The Large Ensemble/European Classical Music Paradigm and African American-Originated Dance-Musicking: A Dispositival Analysis of U.S. Secondary Music Education, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, A Maternal Giant, Spinning Tall Tales, New York Times. (2016) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationEur. J. Comb.
ISSN (print)0195-6698
ScopeDiscrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

Other styles