How to format your references using the Current Alzheimer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Alzheimer Research (CAR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Takahashi T. Ocean science. The fate of industrial carbon dioxide. Science. 305(5682): 352–353 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
McNamara AK, Zhong S. Thermochemical structures beneath Africa and the Pacific Ocean. Nature. 437(7062): 1136–1139 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
Friis EM, Pedersen KR, Crane PR. Fossil evidence of water lilies (Nymphaeales) in the Early Cretaceous. Nature. 410(6826): 357–360 (2001).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rauhut OWM, Martin T, Ortiz-Jaureguizar E, Puerta P. A Jurassic mammal from South America. Nature. 416(6877): 165–168 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernandez-Maloigne C, Robert-Inacio F, Macaire L. Digital Color. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA (2012).
An edited book
Chaudhuri S. Hyperspectral Image Fusion. Ed: Kotwal K Springer: New York, NY (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Siry C, Martin SN, Baker S, Lowell N, Marvin J, Wilson Y. Coteaching in Science Education Courses: Transforming Teacher Preparation Through Shared Responsibility. In (Eds: Murphy C and Scantlebury K). Coteaching in International Contexts: Research and Practice. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht pp. 57–78 (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Alzheimer Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Cassini Probes Lakes On Titan, Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Times and Space: An Interview With Michael Collins. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC (1988).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Uzoff PP. Virtual school teacher’s science efficacy beliefs: The effects of community of practice on science-teaching efficacy beliefs, (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. In Every Breath, a Cancer Risk?, (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Alzheimer Research
ISSN (print)1567-2050
ISSN (online)1875-5828

Other styles