How to format your references using the Public Health Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Graber C: Aetiology: The path to disease. Nature 2011;480:S54-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Vincent ACJ, Harris JM: Marine Science. Boundless no more. Science 2014;346:420–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Marshall CH, Pielke RA Sr, Steyaert LT: Wetlands: crop freezes and land-use change in Florida. Nature 2003;426:29–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Snieder R, Grêt A, Douma H, Scales J: Coda wave interferometry for estimating nonlinear behavior in seismic velocity. Science 2002;295:2253–2255.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bauer E, Adams R, Eustace D: Beyond Redundancy. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
1
Ghadiri A: Neuroleadership: A Journey Through the Brain for Business Leaders. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Angluin D, Aspnes J, Eisenstat D: Fast Computation by Population Protocols with a Leader; in Dolev S (ed): Distributed Computing: 20th International Symposium, DISC 2006, Stockholm, Sweden, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006, pp 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Genomics.

Blog post
1
Luntz S: How Do Trees Know When It’s Spring? IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spring-coming-how-do-trees-know/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: 1991 Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Hinckley M: Socioecological factors that affect adolescent nervousness and depression 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhouse L: Student Debt Collectible by Social Security. New York Times 2005;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Genomics
AbbreviationPublic Health Genomics
ISSN (print)1662-4246
ISSN (online)1662-8063
ScopeGenetics(clinical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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