How to format your references using the Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guthrie, R. D. (2003). Rapid body size decline in Alaskan Pleistocene horses before extinction. Nature, 426(6963), 169–171.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Grady, M., & O’Hare, G. (2012). Computer science. How smart is your city? Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1581–1582.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wible, B., Mervis, J., & Wigginton, N. S. (2014). The global supply chain. Rethinking the global supply chain. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1100–1103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rosenfeld, D., Lahav, R., Khain, A., & Pinsky, M. (2002). The role of sea spray in cleansing air pollution over ocean via cloud processes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5587), 1667–1670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, Y. (2015). Computer Principles and Design in Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gruber, P., Bruckner, D., Hellmich, C., Schmiedmayer, H.-B., Stachelberger, H., & Gebeshuber, I. C. (Eds.). (2011). Biomimetics -- Materials, Structures and Processes: Examples, Ideas and Case Studies. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tiňo, P. (2011). One-Shot Learning of Poisson Distributions in Serial Analysis of Gene Expression. In D. Liu, H. Zhang, M. Polycarpou, C. Alippi, & H. He (Eds.), Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2011: 8th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2011, Guilin, China, May 29–June 1, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 37–46). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 15). Mysterious South American Mounds The Work Of Earthworms. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Quality Management: Scoping Study (ACG/OPS-91-1). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vega Aguirre, J. C. (2008). Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, August 26). Sitter Wanted: Must Supply Nuts. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guthrie, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Guthrie, 2003; O’Grady & O’Hare, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Grady & O’Hare, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Wible et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rosenfeld et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
AbbreviationCultur. Divers. Ethnic Minor. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1099-9809
ISSN (online)1939-0106
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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