How to format your references using the Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brydson, R. (2014). Materials analysis: Good vibrations. Nature, 514(7521), 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilder, D., & Perrimon, N. (2000). Localization of apical epithelial determinants by the basolateral PDZ protein Scribble. Nature, 403(6770), 676–680.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kavanagh, K. D., Evans, A. R., & Jernvall, J. (2007). Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development. Nature, 449(7161), 427–432.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zanin, M., Alcazar, J. M., Carbajosa, J. V., Paez, M. G., Papo, D., Sousa, P., Menasalvas, E., & Boccaletti, S. (2014). Parenclitic networks: uncovering new functions in biological data. Scientific Reports, 4, 5112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner, M. (2009). Integration Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Michelson, G. (Ed.). (2015). Teleophthalmology in Preventive Medicine. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sahoo, D., Jain, J., Iyer, S., & Dill, D. (2005). A New Reachability Algorithm for Symmetric Multi-processor Architecture. In D. A. Peled & Y.-K. Tsay (Eds.), Automated Technology for Verification and Analysis: Third International Symposium, ATVA 2005, Taipei, Taiwan, October 4-7, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 26–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, November 24). Astonishing Planetary System Orbits A Star Very Like The Sun. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Long-Range Planning Can Improve the Efficiency of Agricultural Research and Development (CED-81-141). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malet, D. S. (2009). Foreign fighters: Transnational identity in civil conflicts [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., Southall, A., & Baker, A. L. (2016, August 4). Social Circles Collide on the Dance Floor. Then, a Deadly Brawl. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brydson, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bilder & Perrimon, 2000; Brydson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilder & Perrimon, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Kavanagh et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zanin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
AbbreviationCultur. Divers. Ethnic Minor. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1099-9809
ISSN (online)1939-0106
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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