How to format your references using the Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodson, K. E. (2007). Materials science. Ordering up the minimum thermal conductivity of solids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5810), 342–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rieux-Laucat, F., & Casanova, J.-L. (2014). Immunology. Autoimmunity by haploinsufficiency. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6204), 1560–1561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui, P., Tang, M., & Wu, Z.-X. (2014). Message spreading in networks with stickiness and persistence: large clustering does not always facilitate large-scale diffusion. Scientific Reports, 4, 6303.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shin, J.-W., Hammer, N. I., Diken, E. G., Johnson, M. A., Walters, R. S., Jaeger, T. D., Duncan, M. A., Christie, R. A., & Jordan, K. D. (2004). Infrared signature of structures associated with the H+(H2O)n (n = 6 to 27) clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5674), 1137–1140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weller, R. B., Hunter, H. J. A., & Mann, M. W. (2014). Clinical Dermatology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Swartz, D. L., & Zolberg, V. L. (Eds.). (2005). After Bourdieu: Influence, Critique, Elaboration. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wehrmeister, M. A., & Berkenbrock, G. R. (2013). Automatic Execution of Test Cases on UML Models of Embedded Systems. In G. Schirner, M. Götz, A. Rettberg, M. C. Zanella, & F. J. Rammig (Eds.), Embedded Systems: Design, Analysis and Verification: 4th IFIP TC 10 International Embedded Systems Symposium, IESS 2013, Paderborn, Germany, June 17-19, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 39–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 30). Bitter Coffee Today? Try Changing The Colour Of Your Cup. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies (GAO-16-144). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nasrollahzadeh, Y. (2013). Support group for caregivers of older adults affected by dementia: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goodman, J. (2016, October 9). The Other 1 Percent. New York Times, BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goodson, 2007; Rieux-Laucat & Casanova, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rieux-Laucat & Casanova, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Cui et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
AbbreviationCultur. Divers. Ethnic Minor. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1099-9809
ISSN (online)1939-0106
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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