How to format your references using the Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marchetti, M. C. (2015). Soft matter: Frictionless fluids from bacterial teamwork. Nature, 525(7567), 37–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Niehoff, D. L., & Rhodes, R. (2000). Ideas about the development of violent behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1093c–1095c.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iguchi, I., Yamaguchi, T., & Sugimoto, A. (2001). Diamagnetic activity above Tc as a precursor to superconductivity in La2-xSrxCuO4 thin films. Nature, 412(6845), 420–423.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koenigs, M., Young, L., Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., Cushman, F., Hauser, M., & Damasio, A. (2008). Koenigs et al. reply. Nature, 452(7185), e5–e6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zirngibl, L. (2005). Antifungal Azoles. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bolduc, C., Desharnais, J., & Ktari, B. (Eds.). (2010). Mathematics of Program Construction: 10th International Conference, MPC 2010, Québec City, Canada, June 21-23, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6120). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hermo, M., & Ozaki, A. (2015). Exact Learning of Multivalued Dependencies. In K. Chaudhuri, C. Gentile, & S. Zilles (Eds.), Algorithmic Learning Theory: 26th International Conference, ALT 2015, Banff, AB, Canada, October 4-6, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 73–88). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, May 20). Humans Could Be In Orbit Around Mars As Soon As 2028. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Comments on H.R. 3229 and H.R. 3240 (B-203297). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbets, J. B. (2017). Evaluating System Architecture Quality and Architecting Team Performance Using Information Quality Theory [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Olmsted, S. A. (1936, November 2). DEPUTY MAYOR IDEA NOT NEW; Tammany Objection to the Charter Plan Regarded as Baseless. New York Times, BOOKS20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marchetti, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Marchetti, 2015; Niehoff & Rhodes, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niehoff & Rhodes, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Iguchi et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koenigs et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
AbbreviationCultur. Divers. Ethnic Minor. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1099-9809
ISSN (online)1939-0106
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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