How to format your references using the Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Good, M. F. (2013). Immunology. Pasteur approach to a malaria vaccine may take the lead. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1352–1353.
A journal article with 2 authors
White, A. E., & Harper, J. W. (2012). Cancer. Emerging anatomy of the BAP1 tumor suppressor system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6101), 1463–1464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, X., Hansen, N., & Tsuji, N. (2006). Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 249–251.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Young, D. A., Wright, A. P., Roberts, J. L., Warner, R. C., Young, N. W., Greenbaum, J. S., … Siegert, M. J. (2011). A dynamic early East Antarctic Ice Sheet suggested by ice-covered fjord landscapes. Nature, 474(7349), 72–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billington, D. P. (2013). Der Turm und die Brücke. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Bartolomé, J., Luis, F., & Fernández, J. F. (Eds.). (2014). Molecular Magnets: Physics and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lavery, L. A., & Armstrong, D. G. (2012). Clinical Examination and Risk Classification of the Diabetic Foot. In A. Veves, J. M. Giurini, & F. W. LoGerfo (Eds.), The Diabetic Foot: Medical and Surgical Management (pp. 59–74). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 6). Anomalous Great Basin Climate Record Resolved. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Recovery Act: USDA Should Include Broadband Program’s Impact in Annual Performance Reports (No. GAO-14-511). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M. (2012). A Bibliometric Analysis of Green Building Literature (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, November 9). THE TRANSITION: Political Memo; Clinton, After Raising Hopes, Tries to Lower Expectations. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Good, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Good, 2013; White & Harper, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (White & Harper, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Huang, Hansen, & Tsuji, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Young et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
AbbreviationCultur. Divers. Ethnic Minor. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1099-9809
ISSN (online)1939-0106
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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