How to format your references using the Control Engineering Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Control Engineering Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jordan, F. (2004). Biochemistry. How active sites communicate in thiamine enzymes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 818–820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo, M. E., & Mitrovica, J. X. (2012). Collapse of polar ice sheets during the stage 11 interglacial. Nature, 483(7390), 453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burkett, V., Groat, C. G., & Reed, D. (2007). Hurricanes not the key to a sustainable coast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5817), 1366–1368.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Blättler, C. L., Claire, M. W., Prave, A. R., Kirsimäe, K., Higgins, J. A., Medvedev, P. V., Romashkin, A. E., Rychanchik, D. V., Zerkle, A. L., Paiste, K., Kreitsmann, T., Millar, I. L., Hayles, J. A., Bao, H., Turchyn, A. V., Warke, M. R., & Lepland, A. (2018). Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth’s great oxidation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6386), 320–323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brigo, D., Morini, M., & Pallavicini, A. (2013). Counterparty Credit Risk, Collateral and Funding. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Volcic, Z., & Andrejevic, M. (Eds.). (2016). Commercial Nationalism: Selling the Nation and Nationalizing the Sell. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Deutsch, M. (2015). Interdependence and Psychological Orientation. In M. Deutsch (Ed.), Morton Deutsch: A Pioneer in Developing Peace Psychology (pp. 105–129). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Control Engineering Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 2). New Nuclear Reactor Could Hold The Secret Of Lasting Fusion. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Chief Information Officers: Ensuring Strong Leadership and an Effective Council (T-AIMD-98-22). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valencia, G. M. (2015). A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60 [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, July 6). Free Digital Comics Site Is Expanding in U.S. With Celebrity Help. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jordan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jordan, 2004; Raymo & Mitrovica, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo & Mitrovica, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Burkett et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Blättler et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleControl Engineering Practice
AbbreviationControl Eng. Pract.
ISSN (print)0967-0661
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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