How to format your references using the Contraception and Reproductive Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contraception and Reproductive Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gavaghan H. Emerging fields of basic chemistry in Europe. Nature. 2000;406:811–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang J, Feringa BL. Dynamic control of chiral space in a catalytic asymmetric reaction using a molecular motor. Science. 2011;331:1429–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cosgaya JM, Chan JR, Shooter EM. The neurotrophin receptor p75NTR as a positive modulator of myelination. Science. 2002;298:1245–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Min J, Jang J, Keum D, Ryu S-W, Choi C, Jeong K-H, et al. Fluorescent microscopy beyond diffraction limits using speckle illumination and joint support recovery. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Edmonds ME, Foster AVM, Sanders LJ. A Practical Manual of Diabetic Foot Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing; 2008.
An edited book
1. Mellouli K, editor. Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 9th European Conference, ECSQARU 2007, Hammamet, Tunisia, October 31 - November 2, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cicognani M, Zanghirati L. On the Nonlinear Cauchy Problem. In: Reissig M, Schulze B-W, editors. New Trends in the Theory of Hyperbolic Equations. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2005. p. 387–448.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contraception and Reproductive Medicine.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. How Dams Are Poisoning The Arctic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-big-dams-are-poisoning-arctic-methylmercury/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Additional Costs Incurred in Maintaining the National Industrial Equipment Reserve (NIER). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Mar. Report No.: B-125187.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yamada M. The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. Age Requirement At Chelsea Art Gallery: Over 60 Only. New York Times. 2017 Jul 9;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContraception and Reproductive Medicine
AbbreviationContracept. Reprod. Med.
ISSN (online)2055-7426
Scope

Other styles