How to format your references using the Continuum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continuum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacobs, Madeleine. 2015. “A Career Is like a Love Affair.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6230): 150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, Gregory M., and Charles S. Craik. 2009. “Trapping Moving Targets with Small Molecules.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5924): 213–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavrentovich, Oleg D., Israel Lazo, and Oleg P. Pishnyak. 2010. “Nonlinear Electrophoresis of Dielectric and Metal Spheres in a Nematic Liquid Crystal.” Nature 467 (7318): 947–950.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huo, Fengwei, Zijian Zheng, Gengfeng Zheng, Louise R. Giam, Hua Zhang, and Chad A. Mirkin. 2008. “Polymer Pen Lithography.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5896): 1658–1660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berg, Michael C. 2000. The Fourier-Analytic Proof of Quadratic Reciprocity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Feldman, Yishai A., Donald Kraft, and Tsvi Kuflik, eds. 2009. Next Generation Information Technologies and Systems: 7th International Conference, NGITS 2009, Haifa, Israel, June 16-18, 2009. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 5831. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamakawa, Hiromi, and Takenao Yoshizaki. 2016. “Equilibrium Properties.” In Helical Wormlike Chains in Polymer Solutions, edited by Takenao Yoshizaki, 129–191. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continuum.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Whether Mozart Or Madonna, Music Can Help You Recover From Surgery.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Oversight of Allegations of Employee Misconduct. GAO-13-756T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenger, Matthew C. 2011. “Free-Choice Family Learning Experiences at Informal Astronomy Observing Events.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Juliana Francis. 2016. “Give and Take on Handlebars.” New York Times, May 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jacobs 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jacobs 2015; Lee and Craik 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Craik 2009)
  • Three authors: (Lavrentovich, Lazo, and Pishnyak 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Huo et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinuum
AbbreviationContinuum (Mount Lawley)
ISSN (print)1030-4312
ISSN (online)1469-3666
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies

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