How to format your references using the Continuum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continuum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyatt, Laura A. 2012. “IBI* Series Winner. Personal Plants: Making Botany Meaningful by Experimentation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6102): 1620–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ciufolini, I., and E. C. Pavlis. 2004. “A Confirmation of the General Relativistic Prediction of the Lense-Thirring Effect.” Nature 431 (7011): 958–960.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ortega, Francisco, Fernando Escaso, and José L. Sanz. 2010. “A Bizarre, Humped Carcharodontosauria (Theropoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of Spain.” Nature 467 (7312): 203–206.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Pengfei, Kalpesh Mehta, Shakil Rehman, and Nanguang Chen. 2014. “Imaging Single Chiral Nanoparticles in Turbid Media Using Circular-Polarization Optical Coherence Microscopy.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 4979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rumelhard, Christian, Catherine Algani, and Anne-Laure Billabert. 2013. Microwave Photonic Links. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huber, Bernhard A. 2005. African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Edited by Bradley J. Sinclair and Karl-Heinz Lampe. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Mader, Luzius. 2013. “The Intergovernmental Relations in Switzerland.” In The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain: Volume 2, edited by Alberto López-Basaguren and Leire Escajedo San Epifanio, 49–61. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continuum.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2017. “Here’s What Earth Might Look Like In 100 Years — If We’re Lucky.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Close Air Support: Principal Issues and Aircraft Choices. B-173850. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi, Michael. 2015. “Interrater Reliability between Novice and Expert Functional Movement Screen Raters.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2016. “The Illustrated Stories of Teenagers, Told With Humor and a Light Heart.” New York Times, May 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyatt 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hyatt 2012; Ciufolini and Pavlis 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ciufolini and Pavlis 2004)
  • Three authors: (Ortega, Escaso, and Sanz 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinuum
AbbreviationContinuum (Mount Lawley)
ISSN (print)1030-4312
ISSN (online)1469-3666
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies

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