How to format your references using the Continuum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continuum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shatz, Carla J. 2013. “David Hunter Hubel (1926-2013).” Nature 502 (7473): 625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buesseler, Ken O., and Philip W. Boyd. 2003. “Climate Change. Will Ocean Fertilization Work?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5616): 67–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eagle, Nathan, Michael Macy, and Rob Claxton. 2010. “Network Diversity and Economic Development.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5981): 1029–1031.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bi, Ke, Yunsheng Guo, Xiaoming Liu, Qian Zhao, Jinghua Xiao, Ming Lei, and Ji Zhou. 2014. “Magnetically Tunable Mie Resonance-Based Dielectric Metamaterials.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2012. Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brunst, Holger, Matthias S. Müller, Wolfgang E. Nagel, and Michael M. Resch, eds. 2012. Tools for High Performance Computing 2011: Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2011, ZIH, Dresden. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Levin, Roy J. 2011. “Physiology of Orgasm.” In Cancer and Sexual Health, edited by John P. Mulhall, Luca Incrocci, Irwin Goldstein, and Ray Rosen, 35–49. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continuum.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Africa Is Within Reach Of Being Declared A Polio Free Region.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Public Transportation: Preliminary Analysis of Changes to and Trends in FTA’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs. GAO-07-812T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ionedes, Nancy Joanna. 2008. “An Exploration of Social Interest Therapy as a Treatment for Depression in the Elderly.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2007. “Hidden Treasures Of the Food Industry.” New York Times, December 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shatz 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Shatz 2013; Buesseler and Boyd 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buesseler and Boyd 2003)
  • Three authors: (Eagle, Macy, and Claxton 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinuum
AbbreviationContinuum (Mount Lawley)
ISSN (print)1030-4312
ISSN (online)1469-3666
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies

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