How to format your references using the Continuum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continuum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. 2001. “Bilateral Vietnam Study Plans to Assess War Fallout of Dioxin.” Nature 413 (6855): 442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martinez, Fernando, and Brian Taylor. 2002. “Mantle Wedge Control on Back-Arc Crustal Accretion.” Nature 416 (6879): 417–420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, Ying-Chih, Jhao-Ying Wu, and Ming-Fa Lin. 2013. “Electric Field Dependence of Excitation Spectra in AB-Stacked Bilayer Graphene.” Scientific Reports 3: 1368.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Bo, Adrien P. Côté, Hiroyasu Furukawa, Michael O’Keeffe, and Omar M. Yaghi. 2008. “Colossal Cages in Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks as Selective Carbon Dioxide Reservoirs.” Nature 453 (7192): 207–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kriegel, Jessica. 2016. Unfairly Labeled. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kühne, Thomas, ed. 2007. Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MoDELS 2006, Genoa, Italy, October 1-6, 2006, Reports and Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 4364. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertucci, C., F. Duru, N. Edberg, M. Fraenz, C. Martinecz, K. Szego, and O. Vaisberg. 2012. “The Induced Magnetospheres of Mars, Venus, and Titan.” In The Plasma Environment of Venus, Mars, and Titan, edited by Karoly Szego, 113–171. Space Sciences Series of ISSI. New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continuum.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “Coldest Temperature In The Universe Created In American Laboratory.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Student Financial Aid: Federal Aid Awarded to Students Taking Remedial Courses. HEHS-97-142. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kashyap, Shashi Kant. 2017. “Bit Error Rate Performance of 4x2 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Conjugate Cancellation Techniques.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, Winnie. 2016. “Want to Relax at Park or Pool in New York? Join the Crowd.” New York Times, August 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2001; Martinez and Taylor 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martinez and Taylor 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chuang, Wu, and Lin 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinuum
AbbreviationContinuum (Mount Lawley)
ISSN (print)1030-4312
ISSN (online)1469-3666
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies

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