How to format your references using the Continuum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continuum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. 2000. “US Energy Agency Pulls Plug on Role in Genome Project.” Nature 404 (6773): 4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, Wei, and Thomas C. Südhof. 2013. “A Neural Circuit for Memory Specificity and Generalization.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6125): 1290–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirk, P. D. W., A. C. Babtie, and M. P. H. Stumpf. 2015. “SYSTEMS BIOLOGY. Systems Biology (Un)Certainties.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6259): 386–388.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peters, David, Brigitte Demes, David W. Krause, Michael Labarbera, and Olivier Rieppel. 2005. “Suction Feeding in Triassic Protorosaur?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5725): 1112c–1113c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett, Diana, Sylvia Moody, and Katherine Kindersley. 2010. Dyslexia in the Workplace. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Blanc-Talon, Jacques, Wilfried Philips, Dan Popescu, and Paul Scheunders, eds. 2009. Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems: 11th International Conference, ACIVS 2009, Bordeaux, France, September 28–October 2, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 5807. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kersten, Rody, Bernard van Gastel, Manu Drijvers, Sjaak Smetsers, and Marko van Eekelen. 2013. “Using Model-Checking to Reveal a Vulnerability of Tamper-Evident Pairing.” In NASA Formal Methods: 5th International Symposium, NFM 2013, Moffett Field, CA, USA, May 14-16, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Guillaume Brat, Neha Rungta, and Arnaud Venet, 63–77. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continuum.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “How to Produce Sparks from Falling Water.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Education Programs: Information on Major Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education Programs. HEHS-97-210R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spanier, Adam Jason. 2008. “The Relationship of Genes and Environment with Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Children with Asthma.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, Ken, and Mary Pilon. 2012. “Marathon Officials Determining How to Proceed.” New York Times, October 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2000; Xu and Südhof 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Südhof 2013)
  • Three authors: (Kirk, Babtie, and Stumpf 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Peters et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinuum
AbbreviationContinuum (Mount Lawley)
ISSN (print)1030-4312
ISSN (online)1469-3666
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies

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