How to format your references using the Continuum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Continuum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Javerzat, Jean-Paul. 2010. “Molecular Biology. Directing the Centromere Guardian.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5962): 150–151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leinwand, Leslie A., and Richard L. Moss. 2011. “Medicine. Chemically Tuned Myosin Motors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6023): 1392–1393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mézard, M., G. Parisi, and R. Zecchina. 2002. “Analytic and Algorithmic Solution of Random Satisfiability Problems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5582): 812–815.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Saeij, J. P. J., S. Coller, J. P. Boyle, M. E. Jerome, M. W. White, and J. C. Boothroyd. 2007. “Toxoplasma Co-Opts Host Gene Expression by Injection of a Polymorphic Kinase Homologue.” Nature 445 (7125): 324–327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, T. Gene. 2010. Java® and Mac OS® X. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Tlelo-Cuautle, Esteban, ed. 2013. Integrated Circuits for Analog Signal Processing. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Ning, Chuanyong Wang, Peng Han, Jian Zhang, Kun Wang, Ergang Dai, Wenwen Kang, Fengwen Yang, Baofeng Sun, and Guang Guo. 2016. “Research About Solutions to the Bottleneck of Big Data Processing in Power System.” In Industrial IoT Technologies and Applications: International Conference, Industrial IoT 2016, GuangZhou, China, March 25-26, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Jiafu Wan, Iztok Humar, and Daqiang Zhang, 44–51. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Continuum.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Researchers Eavesdrop On Arctic Whales To Learn Their Movements.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Aviation Safety: FAA Is Taking Steps to Improve Data, but Challenges for Managing Safety Risks Remain. GAO-12-660T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Komatsuzaki, Takuji. 2012. “Borrowing Constraints and the Business Cycle in Emerging Markets.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2007. “Power Hangs in Balance In Nassau Legislature.” New York Times, November 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Javerzat 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Javerzat 2010; Leinwand and Moss 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leinwand and Moss 2011)
  • Three authors: (Mézard, Parisi, and Zecchina 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Saeij et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleContinuum
AbbreviationContinuum (Mount Lawley)
ISSN (print)1030-4312
ISSN (online)1469-3666
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Cultural Studies

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