How to format your references using the Biomedical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Griffith CA. Solar system: Not just a storm in a teacup. Nature. 2014 Oct 2;514(7520):40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yau ST, Vekilov PG. Quasi-planar nucleus structure in apoferritin crystallization. Nature. 2000 Aug 3;406(6795):494–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cossairt BM, Diawara M-C, Cummins CC. Facile synthesis of AsP3. Science. 2009 Jan 30;323(5914):602.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gold W, Ewing K, Banks J, Groom M, Hinckley T, Secord D, et al. Community collaborations. Collaborative ecological restoration. Science. 2006 Jun 30;312(5782):1880–1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snopek L. The Complete Guide to Portfolio Construction and Management. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Kern TA, editor. Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide for Engineers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. XXXII, 472 p. 298 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Isaac R, Annie IK, Prashanth HR. Parenting in India. In: Selin H, editor. Parenting Across Cultures: Childrearing, Motherhood and Fatherhood in Non-Western Cultures. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 39–45. (Science Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz S. Thousands Mourn Death Of Wombat Who Lived For Cuddles [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Security Weaknesses at IRS’ Cyberfile Data Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 May. Report No.: AIMD-96-85R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Royalty AR. U.S. Military Advisors in Iraq: A Phenomenological Research Study on the Role of National Culture on Tactical Decision-making during Wartime [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Fighting In A Breakaway Region. New York Times. 2001 Oct 5;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Reviews
ISSN (print)1310-392X
ISSN (online)1314-1929
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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