How to format your references using the Biomedical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. Arts: Reinventing Galileo. Nature. 2013 Feb 27;494(7438):428–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Munshi NV, Olson EN. Translational medicine. Improving cardiac rhythm with a biological pacemaker. Science. 2014 Jul 18;345(6194):268–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang K, Mittler JE, Samudrala R. Comment on “Evidence for positive epistasis in HIV-1.” Science. 2006 May 12;312(5775):848; author reply 848.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chew YL, Fan X, Götz J, Nicholas HR. Regulation of age-related structural integrity in neurons by protein with tau-like repeats (PTL-1) is cell autonomous. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 5;4:5185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry M, Moskovic D, Wong M, Baig S, Liu Z, Lizzio M, et al. Fixed Income Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Kirsch R, editor. Groundwater Geophysics: A Tool for Hydrogeology. Second Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. XX, 548 p. 333 illus., 16 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Awange JL, Grafarend EW, Paláncz B, Zaletnyik P. Groebner basis. In: Grafarend EW, Paláncz B, Zaletnyik P, editors. Algebraic Geodesy and Geoinformatics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. Two Critically Endangered Tamarins Freeze To Death Due To Zookeeper Error [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Faces Substantial Challenges in Developing New Space Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 May. Report No.: GAO-09-705T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christian TM. Under the Navajo stars: The intersection of mythic narratives, archaeology, and star ceilings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Back on the Mound, Harvey Has Issues With Command. New York Times. 2017 May 13;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Reviews
ISSN (print)1310-392X
ISSN (online)1314-1929
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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