How to format your references using the Biomedical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hormoz S. Amino acid composition of proteins reduces deleterious impact of mutations. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 10;3:2919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn S, Lee SJ. Nanoparticle role on the repeatability of stimuli-responsive nanocomposites. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 15;4:6624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang N, Xu Y, Jiang D. High-performance heterogeneous catalysis with surface-exposed stable metal nanoparticles. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 27;4:7228.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thomson RE, Mihály SF, Rabinovich AB, McDuff RE, Veirs SR, Stahr FR. Constrained circulation at Endeavour ridge facilitates colonization by vent larvae. Nature. 2003 Jul 31;424(6948):545–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frikha M. Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Hobbs M, Goscinski AM, Zhou W, editors. Distributed and Parallel Computing: 6th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing, ICA3PP, Melbourne, Australia, October 2-3, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. XIV, 452 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3719).
A chapter in an edited book
Saito Y, Alino PM. Regional Conditions. In: Mimura N, editor. Asia-Pacific Coasts and Their Management: States of Environment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 255–344. (Haq BU, editor. Coastal Systems and Continental Margins).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. Tool Use in Dolphins has Shaped Their Genetic Make Up [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Lunch: Modifications Needed to Some of the New Nutrition Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jun. Report No.: GAO-13-708T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clovis DJ. The thayer valve and its effect on a generation and beyond [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Mets and Marines Share a Day. New York Times. 2010 Apr 22;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Reviews
ISSN (print)1310-392X
ISSN (online)1314-1929
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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