How to format your references using the Biomedical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franz M. Physics. In praise of exact quantization. Science. 2010 Aug 6;329(5992):639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phrampus BJ, Hornbach MJ. Recent changes to the Gulf Stream causing widespread gas hydrate destabilization. Nature. 2012 Oct 25;490(7421):527–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alston JM, Beddow JM, Pardey PG. Agriculture. Agricultural research, productivity, and food prices in the long run. Science. 2009 Sep 4;325(5945):1209–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stern D, Eisenhardt P, Spinrad H, Dawson S, van Breugel W, Dey A, et al. Evidence against a redshift z > 6 for the galaxy STIS123627+621755. Nature. 2000 Nov 30;408(6812):560–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blanchet G, Charbit M. Digital Signal and Image Processing Using Matlab®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Burnier JV, Burnier MN Jr, editors. Experimental and Clinical Metastasis: A Comprehensive Review. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XVI, 472 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu Y, Zeng Z. A Low Redundancy and High Coverage Node Scheduling Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Sun L, Ma H, Fang D, Niu J, Wang W, editors. Advances in Wireless Sensor Networks: The 8th China Conference, CWSN 2014, Xi’an, China, October 31--November 2, 2014 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 42–51. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Reviews.

Blog post
Davis J. Leopards Have Lost 75 Percent Of Their Historic Range In The Last 250 Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: NHTSA’s Motorcycle Helmet Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Dec. Report No.: RCED-98-44R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brister MH. Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. President’s First Days Keep Networks’ Ratings Strong. New York Times. 2017 Jan 31;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Reviews
ISSN (print)1310-392X
ISSN (online)1314-1929
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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