How to format your references using the Contemporary Italian Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Italian Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp, Martin. 2003. “Science in Culture: A Mechanical Mind.” Nature 421 (6920): 214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toth, Louis J., and John A. Assad. 2002. “Dynamic Coding of Behaviourally Relevant Stimuli in Parietal Cortex.” Nature 415 (6868): 165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander, Duncan T. L., Peter A. Crozier, and James R. Anderson. 2008. “Brown Carbon Spheres in East Asian Outflow and Their Optical Properties.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5890): 833–836.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aizenberg, Joanna, James C. Weaver, Monica S. Thanawala, Vikram C. Sundar, Daniel E. Morse, and Peter Fratzl. 2005. “Skeleton of Euplectella Sp.: Structural Hierarchy from the Nanoscale to the Macroscale.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5732): 275–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodriguez, Jean, and Damien Bonne. 2015. Stereoselective Multiple Bond-Forming Transformations in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Freiesleben Hansen, Per. 2009. The Science of Construction Materials. Edited by Ole Mejlhede Jensen. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aceto, Luca, Wan Fokkink, Anna Ingolfsdottir, and Sumit Nain. 2005. “Bisimilarity Is Not Finitely Based over BPA with Interrupt.” In Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science: First International Conference, CALCO 2005, Swansea, UK, September 3-6, 2005. Proceedings, edited by José Luiz Fiadeiro, Neil Harman, Markus Roggenbach, and Jan Rutten, 52–66. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Italian Politics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Art And Science Combine To Reveal The Inner Workings Of Our DNA.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. FAA Reauthorization Act: Progress and Challenges Implementing Various Provisions of the 2012 Act. GAO-14-285T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watts, Kari S. 2008. “The Effectiveness of a Social Story Intervention in Decreasing Disruptive Behavior in Autistic Children.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by BEN SISARIO. 2010. “Graphic Bullying.” New York Times, June 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kemp 2003; Toth and Assad 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toth and Assad 2002)
  • Three authors: (Alexander, Crozier, and Anderson 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Aizenberg et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Italian Politics
AbbreviationContemp. Ital. Polit.
ISSN (print)2324-8823
ISSN (online)2324-8831

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