How to format your references using the Contemporary Italian Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Italian Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Springer, Timothy A. 2002. “Immunology. Retrospective: César Milstein (1927-2002).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5571): 1253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hosten, Onur, and Paul Kwiat. 2008. “Observation of the Spin Hall Effect of Light via Weak Measurements.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5864): 787–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, L. K., T. Bjørnholm, and O. G. Mouritsen. 2000. “Fluctuations Caught in the Act.” Nature 404 (6776): 352.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Moon, Sungyoon, Dohyun Han, Yikwon Kim, Jonghwa Jin, Won-Kyung Ho, and Youngsoo Kim. 2014. “Interactome Analysis of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK)-Α1 and -Β1 in INS-1 Pancreatic Beta-Cells by Affinity Purification-Mass Spectrometry.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jamison, D. Curtis. 2005. Perl Programming for Biologists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Patterson, Eric D., and Jeffry H. Morrison, eds. 2016. The Reagan Manifesto: “A Time for Choosing” and Its Influence. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghasemzadeh, Hassan, Eric Guenterberg, and Roozbeh Jafari. 2011. “Lightweight Signal Processing for Wearable Body Sensor Networks.” In Wearable Monitoring Systems, edited by Annalisa Bonfiglio and Danilo De Rossi, 99–122. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Italian Politics.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “Modern Chemistry Might Have Started A Few Decades Before We Thought.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed. NSIAD-97-98. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berezin, Sofya. 2009. “Catechols as Membrane Anion Transporters.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Kate, and Julie Hirschfeld Davis. 2017. “Lawsuit Challenges the Secrecy of White House Advisers on Infrastructure.” New York Times, July 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Springer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Springer 2002; Hosten and Kwiat 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hosten and Kwiat 2008)
  • Three authors: (Nielsen, Bjørnholm, and Mouritsen 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Moon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Italian Politics
AbbreviationContemp. Ital. Polit.
ISSN (print)2324-8823
ISSN (online)2324-8831

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