How to format your references using the Contemporary Italian Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Italian Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2005. “Scientific Personalities.” Nature 433 (7022): 177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Braun-Munzinger, Peter, and Johanna Stachel. 2007. “The Quest for the Quark-Gluon Plasma.” Nature 448 (7151): 302–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ismail-Zadeh, Alik, Satoru Honda, and Igor Tsepelev. 2013. “Linking Mantle Upwelling with the Lithosphere Descent [Corrected] and the Japan Sea Evolution: A Hypothesis.” Scientific Reports 3 (January): 1137.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yen, Hsin-Yung, Kin Kuan Hoi, Idlir Liko, George Hedger, Michael R. Horrell, Wanling Song, Di Wu, et al. 2018. “PtdIns(4,5)P2 Stabilizes Active States of GPCRs and Enhances Selectivity of G-Protein Coupling.” Nature 559 (7714): 423–427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nahar, Lutfun, and Satyajit D. Sarker. 2012. Steroid Dimers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yang, Xin-She, and Slawomir Koziel, eds. 2011. Computational Optimization and Applications in Engineering and Industry. Vol. 359. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, Albert C. J., and Dennis M. O’Connor. 2015. “Dynamical System Interaction.” In System Dynamics with Interaction Discontinuity, edited by Dennis M. O’Connor, 113–138. Nonlinear Systems and Complexity. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Italian Politics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Scientists Develop Blood-Cleansing Artificial Spleen.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. CROSSTALK and Mirror: What’s New Under the CROSSTALK Standard--Part 1. 140678. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurtz, William A. 2017. “Under the Balaclava: A Case Study Examining Habits Within the Identity of Elite Counterterrorists.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “How Broken Must College Football Be to Fix It?” New York Times, November 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2005; Braun-Munzinger and Stachel 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braun-Munzinger and Stachel 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ismail-Zadeh, Honda, and Tsepelev 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yen et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Italian Politics
AbbreviationContemp. Ital. Polit.
ISSN (print)2324-8823
ISSN (online)2324-8831

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