How to format your references using the Contemporary Italian Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Italian Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, Karen. 2015. “MICROBIOLOGY. Beyond Known Methanogens.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6259): 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paz-Silva, Gerardo A., and D. A. Lidar. 2013. “Optimally Combining Dynamical Decoupling and Quantum Error Correction.” Scientific Reports 3: 1530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zylka, Mark J., Ben D. Philpot, and Ian F. King. 2014. “Zylka et al. Reply.” Nature 512 (7512): E2.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Spite, Matthew, Lucy V. Norling, Lisa Summers, Rong Yang, Dianne Cooper, Nicos A. Petasis, Roderick J. Flower, Mauro Perretti, and Charles N. Serhan. 2009. “Resolvin D2 Is a Potent Regulator of Leukocytes and Controls Microbial Sepsis.” Nature 461 (7268): 1287–1291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maré, Jean-Charles. 2016. Aerospace Actuators 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Allen, Tony, Richard Ellis, and Miltos Petridis, eds. 2009. Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XVI: Proceedings of AI-2008, the Twenty-Eighth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Notash, Leila. 2014. “Impact of Perturbation on Wire Tension Vector.” In Advances in Robot Kinematics, edited by Jadran Lenarčič and Oussama Khatib, 41–49. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Italian Politics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “This Video Relives The Moment We Landed On A Moon In The Outer Solar System.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Measuring Progress and Addressing Potential Privacy Concerns Would Facilitate Integration into the National Airspace System [Reissued on September 18, 2012]. GAO-12-981. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickson, Beret. 2008. “Yielding Architecture: A Manifesto for [Urban + Agri]Culture.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, Linda. 2008. “A New Turn on Old Pots.” New York Times, May 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd 2015; Paz-Silva and Lidar 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paz-Silva and Lidar 2013)
  • Three authors: (Zylka, Philpot, and King 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Spite et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Italian Politics
AbbreviationContemp. Ital. Polit.
ISSN (print)2324-8823
ISSN (online)2324-8831

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