How to format your references using the Contemporary Italian Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Italian Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, Charles R. 2015. “ECOLOGY/PALEONTOLOGY. How Stable Are Food Webs during a Mass Extinction?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6256): 38–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, C., and M. Jasin. 2000. “Frequent Chromosomal Translocations Induced by DNA Double-Strand Breaks.” Nature 405 (6787): 697–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nosil, Patrik, Bernard J. Crespi, and Cristina P. Sandoval. 2002. “Host-Plant Adaptation Drives the Parallel Evolution of Reproductive Isolation.” Nature 417 (6887): 440–443.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hulme, Mike, Martin Mahony, Silke Beck, Christoph Görg, Bernd Hansjürgens, Jennifer Hauck, Carsten Nesshöver, et al. 2011. “Science-Policy Interface: Beyond Assessments.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6043): 697–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Killops, Stephen, and Vanessa Killops. 2004. Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Phillips-Wren, Gloria, Nikhil Ichalkaranje, and Lakhmi C. Jain, eds. 2008. Intelligent Decision Making: An AI-Based Approach. Vol. 97. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, Thomas, and Daniel Moldt. 2015. “Integrating Agent Actions and Workflow Operations.” In Multiagent System Technologies: 13th German Conference, MATES 2015, Cottbus, Germany, September 28 - 30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Jörg P. Müller, Wolf Ketter, Gal Kaminka, Gerd Wagner, and Nils Bulling, 61–78. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Italian Politics.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2014. “Watch A Python Swallow A Whole Deer.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. District of Columbia Draft Emergency Supplemental Funding Request for District of Columbia Public Schools. HEHS-97-116R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patil, Aniket V. 2017. “Programming QR Code Scanner, Communicating Android Devices, and Unit Testing in Fortified Cards.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2010. “My Florida Recount Memory: Talking Justice.” New York Times, November 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Marshall 2015; Richardson and Jasin 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Jasin 2000)
  • Three authors: (Nosil, Crespi, and Sandoval 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hulme et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Italian Politics
AbbreviationContemp. Ital. Polit.
ISSN (print)2324-8823
ISSN (online)2324-8831

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