How to format your references using the Contemporary Italian Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Italian Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Underwood, Emily. 2015. “Neuroscience. A Faster, Brighter Picture of Brain Cells in Action.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6263): 895.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pearce, Thomas M., and Daniel W. Moran. 2012. “Strategy-Dependent Encoding of Planned Arm Movements in the Dorsal Premotor Cortex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6097): 984–988.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannoni, Stephen, Ben Temperton, and Yanlin Zhao. 2013. “Giovannoni et al. Reply.” Nature 499 (7459): E4-5.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ernst, Jason, Pouya Kheradpour, Tarjei S. Mikkelsen, Noam Shoresh, Lucas D. Ward, Charles B. Epstein, Xiaolan Zhang, et al. 2011. “Mapping and Analysis of Chromatin State Dynamics in Nine Human Cell Types.” Nature 473 (7345): 43–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Celant, Giorgio, and Michel Broniatowski. 2016. Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Furukawa, Koichi, and Minoru Fukuda, eds. 2016. Glycosignals in Cancer: Mechanisms of Malignant Phenotypes. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Symes, Andrew, and Abhay Rané. 2013. “Tuberculosis, AIDS, and Other Uncommon Urinary Tract Infections.” In Urinary Tract Infection: Clinical Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection, edited by Abhay Rané and Ranan Dasgupta, 33–44. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Italian Politics.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2017. “Scientists Confirm That The Global Warming ‘Pause’ Never Existed.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Aviation Safety: Comparison of Specific Responses in FAA Controller Questionnaire. RCED-89-162FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grantham, Sarah Catherine. 2014. “Dual Eligibles’ Experience of Care in North Carolina’s Patient-Centered Medical Home.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2000. “Beyond the Finish Line, Where Should Fans Gather?” New York Times, October 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Underwood 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Underwood 2015; Pearce and Moran 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pearce and Moran 2012)
  • Three authors: (Giovannoni, Temperton, and Zhao 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ernst et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Italian Politics
AbbreviationContemp. Ital. Polit.
ISSN (print)2324-8823
ISSN (online)2324-8831

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