How to format your references using the Contemporary Islam citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Islam. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eyre-Walker, A. (2006). Evolution. Size does not matter for mitochondrial DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5773), 537–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Byers, J., & Dunn, S. (2013). Response to comments on “Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6132), 549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Munsky, B., Neuert, G., & van Oudenaarden, A. (2012). Using gene expression noise to understand gene regulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6078), 183–187.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahumada, A., Slusarski, D. C., Liu, X., Moon, R. T., Malbon, C. C., & Wang, H.-Y. (2002). Signaling of rat Frizzled-2 through phosphodiesterase and cyclic GMP. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5600), 2006–2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt, W. M. (2016). Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kreysa, G., Ota, K.-I., & Savinell, R. F. (Eds.). (2014). Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jia, Y., Özer, M. M., Weitering, H. H., & Zhang, Z. (2011). Quantum Size Effects in the Growth and Properties of Ultrathin Metal Films, Alloys, and Related Low-Dimensional Structures. In M. Michailov (Ed.), Nanophenomena at Surfaces: Fundamentals of Exotic Condensed Matter Properties (pp. 67–112). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Islam.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 5). How Can The UK Government Meet Its Legal Air Pollution Targets? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Indian Affairs: Key Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Health at Indian School Facilities (No. GAO-16-313). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seidel, J. G. (2015). Adolescent female stress management curriculum (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, July 28). Request to Alter Opening Ceremony Collides With Tradition. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eyre-Walker 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Byers and Dunn 2013; Eyre-Walker 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Byers and Dunn 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahumada et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Islam
ISSN (print)1872-0218
ISSN (online)1872-0226
ScopeReligious studies
Cultural Studies

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