How to format your references using the Contemporary Islam citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Islam. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jokipii, J. R. (2005). Astronomy. Our interstellar neighborhood. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5714), 1424–1425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaser, A., & Blumberg, R. S. (2014). Cell biology: Stressful genetics in Crohn’s disease. Nature, 506(7489), 441–442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, J. A., Corley, L. S., & Strand, M. R. (2000). Competition induces adaptive shifts in caste ratios of a polyembryonic wasp. Nature, 406(6792), 183–186.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shen, S.-Z., Crowley, J. L., Wang, Y., Bowring, S. A., Erwin, D. H., Sadler, P. M., et al. (2011). Calibrating the end-Permian mass extinction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6061), 1367–1372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Papadimitriou, G. I., Tsimoulas, P. A., Obaidat, M. S., & Pomportsis, A. S. (2005). Multiwavelength Optical LANs. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bansal, J. C., Singh, P. K., Deep, K., Pant, M., & Nagar, A. K. (Eds.). (2013). Proceedings of Seventh International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA 2012): Volume 1 (Vol. 201). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Mitra, A., & Zaman, S. (2015). Phytoplankton Carbon Stock. In S. Zaman (Ed.), Blue Carbon Reservoir of the Blue Planet (pp. 143–201). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Islam.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). Can Insects Feed A Hungry Planet? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Earth Observing System: Concerns Over NASA’s Basic Research Funding Strategy (No. NSIAD-96-97). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, R. T. (2014). Exploring the Lived Experiences of Program Managers Regarding an Automated Logistics Environment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2006, January 2). Major Russian TV Station Is Accused of Censorship. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jokipii 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jokipii 2005; Kaser and Blumberg 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaser and Blumberg 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Islam
ISSN (print)1872-0218
ISSN (online)1872-0226
ScopeReligious studies
Cultural Studies

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