How to format your references using the Contemporary Islam citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Islam. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wicherts, J. M. (2011). Psychology must learn a lesson from fraud case. Nature, 480(7375), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, F. D., & Kaplan, D. R. (2002). Neurobiology. TRK makes the retrograde. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5559), 1471–1473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duarte, C. M., Marbá, N., & Holmer, M. (2007). Ecology. Rapid domestication of marine species. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5823), 382–383.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Berezovsky, J., Mikkelsen, M. H., Gywat, O., Stoltz, N. G., Coldren, L. A., & Awschalom, D. D. (2006). Nondestructive optical measurements of a single electron spin in a quantum dot. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5807), 1916–1920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abd-El-Barr, M., & El-Rewini, H. (2004). Fundamentals of Computer Organization and Architecture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lai, C. G., & Wilmański, K. (Eds.). (2005). Surface Waves in Geomechanics: Direct and Inverse Modelling for Soils and Rocks (Vol. 481). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Funato, T., Kurabayashi, D., & Nara, M. (2006). Synchronization Control by Structural Modification of Nonlinear Oscillator Network. In M. Gini & R. Voyles (Eds.), Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 7 (pp. 41–50). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Islam.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, June 7). The Inside Of Ancient Fossil Turds Visualized In Impressive 3D. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). A List of Selected GAO Publications Containing Checklists or Guidance on Computer Software Topics (No. 125250). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Alawadhi, F. (2014). Oral History of Women Educators in Kuwait: A Comparative Model of Care Ethics Between Noddings and Al-Ghazali (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, March 1). Theater; Have Rocket, Will Travel. New York Times, p. AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wicherts 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Miller and Kaplan 2002; Wicherts 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Kaplan 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Berezovsky et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Islam
ISSN (print)1872-0218
ISSN (online)1872-0226
ScopeReligious studies
Cultural Studies

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