How to format your references using the Contemporary Islam citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Islam. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Houghton, J. (2008). Meetings that changed the world: Madrid 1995: Diagnosing climate change. Nature, 455(7214), 737–738.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orphanides, G., & Reinberg, D. (2000). RNA polymerase II elongation through chromatin. Nature, 407(6803), 471–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimov, S. A., Schuur, E. A. G., & Chapin, F. S., 3rd. (2006). Climate change. Permafrost and the global carbon budget. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1612–1613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Magain, P., Letawe, G., Courbin, F., Jablonka, P., Jahnke, K., Meylan, G., & Wisotzki, L. (2005). Discovery of a bright quasar without a massive host galaxy. Nature, 437(7057), 381–384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ngwira, M., & Manase, D. (2015). Public Sector Property Asset Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nilsson, A. (2016). Vibro-Acoustics, Volume 2. (B. Liu, Ed.) (2nd ed. 2016.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hult, J. (2010). The Dangerous Steam Engine. In G. Grimvall, Å. J. Holmgren, P. Jacobsson, & T. Thedéen (Eds.), Risks in Technological Systems (pp. 35–45). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Islam.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, April 6). How Does The Order In Which You’re Born Affect Your Personality? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition (No. IMTEC-88-12). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schreiber, J. S. (2016). Discursive constructions of decline: Narratives of illness and financial stress among residents in assisted living (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kristof, N. D. (2011, January 27). Tussling Over Jesus. New York Times, p. A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Houghton 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Houghton 2008; Orphanides and Reinberg 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orphanides and Reinberg 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Magain et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Islam
ISSN (print)1872-0218
ISSN (online)1872-0226
ScopeReligious studies
Cultural Studies

Other styles