How to format your references using the Contemporary Islam citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Islam. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stivers, J. T. (2004). Comment on “Uracil DNA glycosylase activity is dispensable for immunoglobulin class switch.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2042; author reply 2042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clements, D. H., & Sarama, J. (2011). Early childhood mathematics intervention. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 968–970.
A journal article with 3 authors
Labidi, J., Cartigny, P., & Moreira, M. (2013). Non-chondritic sulphur isotope composition of the terrestrial mantle. Nature, 501(7466), 208–211.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Valderrama, F., Cordeiro, J. V., Schleich, S., Frischknecht, F., & Way, M. (2006). Vaccinia virus-induced cell motility requires F11L-mediated inhibition of RhoA signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5759), 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I., & Hardin, J. W. (2006). Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grøn, Ø. (2011). Einstein’s Theory: A Rigorous Introduction for the Mathematically Untrained. (A. Næss, Ed.) (1st ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wohlers, T. E., & Bernier, L. L. (2016). United States. In L. L. Bernier (Ed.), Setting Sail into the Age of Digital Local Government: Trends and Best Practices (pp. 39–56). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Islam.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, December 1). Trees In Cities May Actually Increase Levels Of Pollution. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Highway Public-Private Partnerships: More Rigorous Up-Front Analysis Could Better Secure Potential Benefits and Protect the Public Interest (No. GAO-08-1149R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brightbill, R. G. (2012). Bradenton, FL: A Patchwork City (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Haberman, M. (2017, August 17). Volume Rising In Nativist Talk From President. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stivers 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Clements and Sarama 2011; Stivers 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clements and Sarama 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Valderrama et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Islam
ISSN (print)1872-0218
ISSN (online)1872-0226
ScopeReligious studies
Cultural Studies

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