How to format your references using the Contemporary Islam citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Islam. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segre, J. A. (2015). MICROBIOME. Microbial growth dynamics and human disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6252), 1058–1059.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stolow, A., & Jonas, D. M. (2004). Chemistry. Multidimensional snapshots of chemical dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5690), 1575–1577.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kimchi, T., Xu, J., & Dulac, C. (2007). A functional circuit underlying male sexual behaviour in the female mouse brain. Nature, 448(7157), 1009–1014.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Del’Haye, P., Schliesser, A., Arcizet, O., Wilken, T., Holzwarth, R., & Kippenberg, T. J. (2007). Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator. Nature, 450(7173), 1214–1217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gros, D., & Lannoo, K. (2004). The Euro Capital Market. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dua, S., Gangopadhyay, A., Thulasiraman, P., Straccia, U., Shepherd, M., & Stein, B. (Eds.). (2012). Information Systems, Technology and Management: 6th International Conference, ICISTM 2012, Grenoble, France, March 28-30, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 285). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Maki, K. C. (2008). Pathophysiology and Management of Dyslipidemias Associated with Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, and Other Insulin-Resistant States. In M. H. Davidson, P. P. Toth, K. C. Maki, & A. M. Gotto (Eds.), Therapeutic Lipidology (pp. 55–68). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Islam.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 9). Has The Mystery Of Comet 67P’s Oxygen Just Been Explained? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Global Positioning System: Significant Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Widely Used Capabilities (No. GAO-09-670T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turney, J. J. (2014). Police supervisory attributes that influence attitude towards Critical Incident Stress Management programs (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, June 21). Poetry in Missed Connections. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segre 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Segre 2015; Stolow and Jonas 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stolow and Jonas 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Del’Haye et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Islam
ISSN (print)1872-0218
ISSN (online)1872-0226
ScopeReligious studies
Cultural Studies

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