How to format your references using the Constitutional Political Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constitutional Political Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2003). High-tech, high society. Nature, 426(6967), 720–721.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins, A. M., & Jones, R. A. (2000). Anisotropic spinodal dewetting as a route to self-assembly of patterned surfaces. Nature, 404(6777), 476–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coultas, L., Chawengsaksophak, K., & Rossant, J. (2005). Endothelial cells and VEGF in vascular development. Nature, 438(7070), 937–945.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Keung, A. J., Dong, M., Schaffer, D. V., & Kumar, S. (2013). Pan-neuronal maturation but not neuronal subtype differentiation of adult neural stem cells is mechanosensitive. Scientific reports, 3, 1817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camman, C., Fiore, C., Livolsi, L., & Querro, P. (2017). Supply Chain Management and Business Performance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vitasek, K. (2012). Vested: How P&G, McDonald’s and Microsoft are Redefining Winning in Business Relationships. (K. Manrodt & J. Kling, Eds.). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanković, R. S., & Astola, J. (2011). Application of Algebra of Logic in Engineering. In J. Astola (Ed.), From Boolean Logic to Switching Circuits and Automata: Towards Modern Information Technology (pp. 121–127). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constitutional Political Economy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, May 18). Multi-Cellular Life May Have Begun One Billion Years Earlier Than We Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Army Budget: Potential Reductions to Budget Requests for Selected ADP Systems (No. IMTEC-88-43BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, P. (2015). A Case Study of the Efficacy of Middle College on Educational Advancement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016, December 7). Robert A. Wilson, 94; Ran a Haven for Poets. New York Times, p. D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Higgins and Jones 2000; Powell 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins and Jones 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Keung et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleConstitutional Political Economy
AbbreviationConst. Polit. Econ.
ISSN (print)1043-4062
ISSN (online)1572-9966
Economics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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