How to format your references using the Constitutional Political Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constitutional Political Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lovell-Badge, R. (2001). The future for stem cell research. Nature, 414(6859), 88–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walmsley, I. A., & Raymer, M. G. (2005). Applied physics. Toward quantum-information processing with photons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1733–1734.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bo, T.-L., Zhang, H., & Zheng, X.-J. (2014). Charge-to-mass ratio of saltating particles in wind-blown sand. Scientific reports, 4, 5590.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schubert, S. D., Suarez, M. J., Pegion, P. J., Koster, R. D., & Bacmeister, J. T. (2004). On the cause of the 1930s Dust Bowl. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5665), 1855–1859.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, S., & Tobias, K. (2012). Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Doumpos, M., Zopounidis, C., & Grigoroudis, E. (Eds.). (2016). Robustness Analysis in Decision Aiding, Optimization, and Analytics (Vol. 241). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hall, J. K. (2008). Language Education and Culture. In N. H. Hornberger (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Education (pp. 45–55). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constitutional Political Economy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 20). Intermittent Fasting Could be Beneficial to Health. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects (No. RCED-91-184FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daysal, N. M. (2009). The effects of uninsurance on hospitals and patient health (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, September 9). Open Skies, Bouncing Balls and Tough Critiques. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lovell-Badge 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lovell-Badge 2001; Walmsley and Raymer 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walmsley and Raymer 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Schubert et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleConstitutional Political Economy
AbbreviationConst. Polit. Econ.
ISSN (print)1043-4062
ISSN (online)1572-9966
Economics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles