How to format your references using the Constitutional Political Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constitutional Political Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forbes, P. (2005). Poetry and science: greatness in little. Nature, 434(7031), 320–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Indriolo, E., & Goring, D. R. (2010). Plant science. Pollen gets more complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6005), 767–768.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul, M., Puchtel, I. S., & Walker, R. J. (2012). 182W evidence for long-term preservation of early mantle differentiation products. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6072), 1065–1069.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Banerjee, A., Bernoulli, D., Zhang, H., Yuen, M.-F., Liu, J., Dong, J., et al. (2018). Ultralarge elastic deformation of nanoscale diamond. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6386), 300–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ehrlich, E., & Fanelli, D. (2012). The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bjørndal, E., Bjørndal, M., Pardalos, P. M., & Rönnqvist, M. (Eds.). (2010). Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, D., Zhai, J., Zhu, H., & Wang, X. (2014). An Improved Approach to Ordinal Classification. In X. Wang, W. Pedrycz, P. Chan, & Q. He (Eds.), Machine Learning and Cybernetics: 13th International Conference, Lanzhou, China, July 13-16, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 33–42). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constitutional Political Economy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 10). What’s It Like To See Auroras On Other Planets? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). VHA’s Management Improvement Initiative (No. HEHS-96-191R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappell, S. D. (2010). Systematic analysis of essential genes reveals new regulators of G protein signaling (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016, November 3). Where Presidential Aspirations Are Finally Laid to Rest. New York Times, p. C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forbes 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Forbes 2005; Indriolo and Goring 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Indriolo and Goring 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Banerjee et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleConstitutional Political Economy
AbbreviationConst. Polit. Econ.
ISSN (print)1043-4062
ISSN (online)1572-9966
Economics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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