How to format your references using the Constitutional Political Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constitutional Political Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman, P. (2004). Comment on “Diverse psychotomimetics act through a common signaling pathway.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 180; author reply 180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakse, N., & Pasturel, A. (2013). Liquid Aluminum: atomic diffusion and viscosity from ab initio molecular dynamics. Scientific reports, 3, 3135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naylor, R. L., Williams, S. L., & Strong, D. R. (2001). Ecology. Aquaculture--a gateway for exotic species. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1655–1656.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chang, C.-W., Tan, W.-C., Lu, M.-L., Pan, T.-C., Yang, Y.-J., & Chen, Y.-F. (2014). Electrically and optically readable light emitting memories. Scientific reports, 4, 5121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey, E. (2011). Neonatal Formulary 6. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Hall, J. C. (Ed.). (2014). Skin Diseases in the Immunocompromised. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Onay-Besikci, A. (2014). Substrate Metabolism in the Diabetic Heart. In B. Turan & N. S. Dhalla (Eds.), Diabetic Cardiomyopathy: Biochemical and Molecular Mechanisms (pp. 65–76). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constitutional Political Economy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, April 18). Awesome X-Ray Images Show A Python Breaking Down An Alligator. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Guaranteed Student Loans: Credit Bureau Reporting Practices by Guaranty Agencies and Lenders (No. HRD-90-71BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tafoya, A. (2010). Impact of HIV/AIDS stigma on seropositive Latinos along the United States-Mexico border (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016, October 16). A Tree Older Than Columbus Finally Succumbs. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeman 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jakse and Pasturel 2013; Seeman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jakse and Pasturel 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleConstitutional Political Economy
AbbreviationConst. Polit. Econ.
ISSN (print)1043-4062
ISSN (online)1572-9966
Economics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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