How to format your references using the Constitutional Political Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constitutional Political Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, J. (2011). Chemistry. High-throughput discovery of new chemical reactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6048), 1387–1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scher, H. D., & Martin, E. E. (2006). Timing and climatic consequences of the opening of Drake Passage. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5772), 428–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu, Q., Saltsburg, H., & Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M. (2003). Active nonmetallic Au and Pt species on ceria-based water-gas shift catalysts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5635), 935–938.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chiang, S. H., Baumann, C. A., Kanzaki, M., Thurmond, D. C., Watson, R. T., Neudauer, C. L., et al. (2001). Insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation requires the CAP-dependent activation of TC10. Nature, 410(6831), 944–948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, R. H., & Rodrick, G. E. (2005). Food Safety Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pointcheval, D., Nitaj, A., & Rachidi, T. (Eds.). (2016). Progress in Cryptology – AFRICACRYPT 2016: 8th International Conference on Cryptology in Africa, Fes, Morocco, April 13-15, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 9646). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Derksen, H., & Kemper, G. (2015). Invariant Theory of Infinite Groups. In G. Kemper (Ed.), Computational Invariant Theory (pp. 153–264). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constitutional Political Economy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 13). Tracked Great White Shark May Be Pregnant. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Public Transportation: Transit Agencies’ Actions to Address Increased Ridership Demand and Options to Help Meet Future Demand (No. GAO-11-94). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romano, T. A. (2014). Time-frequency classification of gamma oscillatory activity in the frontoparietal system during working memory (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, August 31). Gifts From a Fan Give Cespedes a Lift. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Montgomery 2011; Scher and Martin 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scher and Martin 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiang et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleConstitutional Political Economy
AbbreviationConst. Polit. Econ.
ISSN (print)1043-4062
ISSN (online)1572-9966
Economics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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