How to format your references using the Constitutional Political Economy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Constitutional Political Economy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2004). Cell signalling: making connections. Nature, 432(7014), 243–249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murry, C. E., & Lee, R. T. (2009). Development biology. Turnover after the fallout. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5923), 47–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Jong, P. W., van Lenteren, J. C., & Raak-van den Berg, C. L. (2013). Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1342.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mitchell, D. G., Perry, M. E., Hamilton, D. C., Westlake, J. H., Kollmann, P., Smith, H. T., et al. (2018). Dust grains fall from Saturn’s D-ring into its equatorial upper atmosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 362(6410).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borgen, U. J., & Nakrem, H. A. (2016). Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Priami, C., Back, R.-J., Petre, I., & Vink, E. de (Eds.). (2011). Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XIII (Vol. 6575). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tejchman, J., & Bobiński, J. (2013). Discontinuous Approach to Concrete. In J. Bobiński (Ed.), Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Fracture in Concrete Using FEM (pp. 95–107). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Constitutional Political Economy.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 11). The Horrifying Reason For One Woman’s Earache. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Commercial Motor Vehicles: Effectiveness of Actions Being Taken to Improve Motor Carrier Safety Is Unknown (No. RCED-00-189). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, C. (2012). Generation-Y leadership: A qualitative phenomenological study of virtual socialization relationships (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, November 30). Books by Clare Beams, Hans Herbert Grimm, April Ayers Lawson and Kelly Luce. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2004; Murry and Lee 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murry and Lee 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mitchell et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleConstitutional Political Economy
AbbreviationConst. Polit. Econ.
ISSN (print)1043-4062
ISSN (online)1572-9966
Economics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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