How to format your references using the Computational Statistics and Data Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, K., 2006. Personal finance. Young scientists need firm plan to make up for a late start. Science 313, 1454–1457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper, B.G., Goller, F., 2004. Multimodal signals: enhancement and constraint of song motor patterns by visual display. Science 303, 544–546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stone, J.V., Hunkin, N.M., Hornby, A., 2001. Predicting spontaneous recovery of memory. Nature 414, 167–168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, Y., Kelley, R.L., Oh, H., Kuroda, M.I., Meller, V.H., 2002. Extent of chromatin spreading determined by roX RNA recruitment of MSL proteins. Science 298, 1620–1623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahlberg, R., Gilles, A., Läsch, A., 2004. Hämatologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Mjølsnes, S.F. (Ed.), 2015. Technology and Practice of Passwords: International Conference on Passwords, PASSWORDS’14, Trondheim, Norway, December 8-10, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H., Zentes, J., 2009. Motives for Internationalisation, in: Schramm-Klein, H., Zentes, J. (Eds.), Strategic International Management: Text and Cases. Gabler, Wiesbaden, pp. 71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Even An AI Supercomputer Found This College Entrance Exam Tough [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Automatic Data Processing Problems at the Social Security Administration (No. 118089). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie, L.J., 2013. Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. Saudi Prince Rejects Talks With Iran. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Cooper and Goller, 2004; Robinson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper and Goller, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
AbbreviationComput. Stat. Data Anal.
ISSN (print)0167-9473
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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