How to format your references using the Computational Statistics and Data Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
East, R., 2013. Microbiome: Soil science comes to life. Nature 501, S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerstner, W., Naud, R., 2009. Neuroscience. How good are neuron models? Science 326, 379–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shapiro, L., McAdams, H.H., Losick, R., 2002. Generating and exploiting polarity in bacteria. Science 298, 1942–1946.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pardini, M., Bonzano, L., Roccatagliata, L., Mancardi, G.L., Bove, M., 2013. The fatigue-motor performance paradox in multiple sclerosis. Sci. Rep. 3, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke, S.J., Tinsley, F.C., 2005. Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grossmann, G., Zardini, C. (Eds.), 2011. The ELFNET Book on Failure Mechanisms, Testing Methods, and Quality Issues of Lead-Free Solder Interconnects. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Canetti, R., Dodis, Y., Pass, R., Walfish, S., 2007. Universally Composable Security with Global Setup, in: Vadhan, S.P. (Ed.), Theory of Cryptography: 4th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, February 21-24, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Scientists Have Found Something Very Mysterious In The Great Pyramid Of Giza [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Air Force Stock Fund: Hydrazine Sales Consistent with the Commercial Space Launch Act (No. NSIAD-91-196). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meissner, R., 2009. Analyzing inpatient hospital costs by payer: What do they mean for the future of health care in America? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Fox Sidelines Legal Analyst After Wiretap Allegation. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (East, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (East, 2013; Gerstner and Naud, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerstner and Naud, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Pardini et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
AbbreviationComput. Stat. Data Anal.
ISSN (print)0167-9473
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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