How to format your references using the Computational Statistics and Data Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson, J.M., 2012. Materials science. Solving amorphous structures--two pairs beat one. Science 335, 929–930.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, T., Clevers, H., 2013. Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications. Science 340, 1190–1194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Queitsch, C., Sangster, T.A., Lindquist, S., 2002. Hsp90 as a capacitor of phenotypic variation. Nature 417, 618–624.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Andrews, O.E., Cha, D.J., Wei, C., Patton, J.G., 2014. RNAi-mediated gene silencing in zebrafish triggered by convergent transcription. Sci. Rep. 4, 5222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raymond, S.U., 2013. Recession, Recovery, and Renewal: Long-Term Nonprofit Strategies for Rapid Economic Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hutton, R. (Ed.), 2016. Physical Evidence for Ritual Acts, Sorcery and Witchcraft in Christian Britain: A Feeling for Magic, Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, M., Barman, R.N., 2013. Application of a Genetic Algorithm to Predict the Growth Rate of Bufo melanostictus in Urban Forest, in: Majumder, M., Barman, R.N. (Eds.), Application of Nature Based Algorithm in Natural Resource Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. NASA Has Found A “Morse Code Message” On The Surface Of Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. NASA: Compliance with Cost Limits (No. GAO-04-648R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meng, W., 2014. Synthesis and design of microwave wideband filters and components (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2016. Ambassador Ali. New York Times F14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson, 2012; Sato and Clevers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Clevers, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Andrews et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
AbbreviationComput. Stat. Data Anal.
ISSN (print)0167-9473
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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