How to format your references using the Computational Statistics and Data Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marek, I., 2009. Chemistry. The basics of zinc activation. Science 326, 673–674.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford, A.W., Boussac, A., 2004. Biochemistry. Water photolysis in biology. Science 303, 1782–1784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nygård, J., Cobden, D.H., Lindelof, P.E., 2000. Kondo physics in carbon nanotubes. Nature 408, 342–346.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Y., Lu, H., Yan, A., Yang, Y., Meng, Q., Sun, L., Pang, H., Li, C., Dong, X., Cai, L., 2013. ABCC3 as a marker for multidrug resistance in non-small cell lung cancer. Sci. Rep. 3, 3120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, D., 2010. The Future of Finance. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809.
An edited book
Carsrud, A.L., Brännback, M. (Eds.), 2009. Understanding the Entrepreneurial Mind: Opening the Black Box, International Studies in Entrepreneurship. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
García-Sastre, A., 2005. Interferon Antagonists of Influenza Viruses, in: Palese, P. (Ed.), Modulation of Host Gene Expression and Innate Immunity by Viruses. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 95–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Statistics and Data Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. What Makes One Earth-Like Planet More Habitable Than Another? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Bureau of Indian Affairs Contracts for Automatic Data Processing Management Services, and for Development of a Management Information System at the Colorado River Indian Reservation (No. B-114868). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henry, A.G., 2010. Plant foods and the dietary ecology of Neandertals and modern humans (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2012. Where the Artists Have Superpowers. New York Times BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marek, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Marek, 2009; Rutherford and Boussac, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rutherford and Boussac, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
AbbreviationComput. Stat. Data Anal.
ISSN (print)0167-9473
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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