How to format your references using the Computational Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Thinking big. Nature, 428(6985), 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scotland, R. W., & Sanderson, M. J. (2004). The significance of few versus many in the tree of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5658), 643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Bai, M., & Wang, L. (2013). General and facile surface functionalization of hydrophobic nanocrystals with poly(amino acid) for cell luminescence imaging. Scientific reports, 3, 2023.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saphire, E. O., Parren, P. W., Pantophlet, R., Zwick, M. B., Morris, G. M., Rudd, P. M., et al. (2001). Crystal structure of a neutralizing human IGG against HIV-1: a template for vaccine design. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5532), 1155–1159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chowdhury, D., & Stauffer, D. (2005). Principles of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Peacock, W. F. (Ed.). (2012). Short Stay Management of Acute Heart Failure (2nd ed. 2012.). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Chari, S. N., Diluoffo, V. V., Karger, P. A., Palmer, E. R., Rabin, T., Rao, J. R., et al. (2010). Designing a Side Channel Resistant Random Number Generator. In D. Gollmann, J.-L. Lanet, & J. Iguchi-Cartigny (Eds.), Smart Card Research and Advanced Application: 9th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2010, Passau, Germany, April 14-16, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 49–64). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 7). Why Have There Been so Many Shark Attacks in North Carolina? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Airspace Use: FAA Needs to Improve Its Management of Special Use Airspace (No. RCED-88-147). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muenyong-Zinner, S. (2017). Care First Wound Healing Center a Business Plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, September 11). A Respected Figure, Undone by His Lies. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Scotland and Sanderson 2004; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scotland and Sanderson 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Saphire et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Economics
AbbreviationComput. Econ.
ISSN (print)0927-7099
ISSN (online)1572-9974
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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