How to format your references using the Computational Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bréon, F.-M. (2006). Climate. How do aerosols affect cloudiness and climate? Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 623–624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, M. C., & Green, C. (2001). Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control. Nature, 410(6826), 366–369.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wittlinger, M., Wehner, R., & Wolf, H. (2006). The ant odometer: stepping on stilts and stumps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5782), 1965–1967.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Martin, R. E., Marchetti, R. V., Cowan, A. I., Howitt, S. M., Bröer, S., & Kirk, K. (2009). Chloroquine transport via the malaria parasite’s chloroquine resistance transporter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1680–1682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Putt, A. (2006). Putt’s Law & the Successful Technocrat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shin, J. C., & Kehm, B. M. (Eds.). (2013). Institutionalization of World-Class University in Global Competition (Vol. 6). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Russo, T., & Brancaccio, G. (2016). Oral Medication in Hyperhidrosis. In G. Sito (Ed.), Hyperhidrosis: Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment (pp. 23–26). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 5). Exozodiacal Light Could Hinder Direct Imaging of Earth-Like Exoplanets. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Needs To Prepare for Near-term Data Gaps [Reissued on January 16, 2015] (No. GAO-15-47). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, T. M. (2008). A grounded theory of U.S. Army installation realignment and closure leadership characteristics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, January 4). Another Casualty of the Syrian War: Drinking Water in Damascus. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bréon 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Green 2001; Bréon 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Green 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Martin et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Economics
AbbreviationComput. Econ.
ISSN (print)0927-7099
ISSN (online)1572-9974
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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