How to format your references using the Computational Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chi, K. R. (2009). Microscopy: Ever-increasing resolution. Nature, 462(7273), 675–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roth, S., & Panfilio, K. A. (2012). Development. Making waves for segments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 306–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peelen, M. V., Fei-Fei, L., & Kastner, S. (2009). Neural mechanisms of rapid natural scene categorization in human visual cortex. Nature, 460(7251), 94–97.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van Zoest, T., Gaaloul, N., Singh, Y., Ahlers, H., Herr, W., Seidel, S. T., et al. (2010). Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5985), 1540–1543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nógrádi, M. (2007). Stereoselective Synthesis. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Pescatori, M. (2008). Imaging Atlas of the Pelvic Floor and Anorectal Diseases. (F. S. P. Regadas, S. M. M. Regadas, & A. P. Zbar, Eds.). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bromiley, P. A., Adams, J. E., & Cootes, T. F. (2016). Automatic Localisation of Vertebrae in DXA Images Using Random Forest Regression Voting. In T. Vrtovec, J. Yao, B. Glocker, T. Klinder, A. Frangi, G. Zheng, & S. Li (Eds.), Computational Methods and Clinical Applications for Spine Imaging: Third International Workshop and Challenge, CSI 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015, Munich, Germany, October 5, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 38–51). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 16). The Internet Is Eating Your Memory, But Something Better Is Taking Its Place. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). National Transportation System: Options and Analytical Tools to Strengthen DOT’s Approach to Supporting Communities’ Access to the System (No. GAO-09-753). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parsons, A. T. (2010). Metal-catalyzed annulations of strained cycloalkanes (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, July 21). Hedge Funds Sue Governor of Puerto Rico Over Spending. New York Times, p. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chi 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chi 2009; Roth and Panfilio 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roth and Panfilio 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (van Zoest et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Economics
AbbreviationComput. Econ.
ISSN (print)0927-7099
ISSN (online)1572-9974
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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