How to format your references using the Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delude C. Tumorigenesis: Testing ground for cancer stem cells. Nature 2011;480:S43-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith ER, Mackie DM. Behavior. Surprising emotions. Science 2009;323:215–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrews MR, Mitra PP, deCarvalho R. Tripling the capacity of wireless communications using electromagnetic polarization. Nature 2001;409:316–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fedorov AV, Dekens PS, McCarthy M, Ravelo AC, deMenocal PB, Barreiro M, et al. The Pliocene paradox (mechanisms for a permanent El Niño). Science 2006;312:1485–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir I, Seabridge AG. Military Avionics Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Eisendrath SJ, editor. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy: Innovative Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Balachander SK. Flag-Shipping ‘Indicators’ for Green-Campus Transitions and Sustainability: A Case-Study of Learner-Centered Projects at Loyola, Secunderabad. In: Leal Filho W, Muthu N, Edwin G, Sima M, editors. Implementing Campus Greening Initiatives: Approaches, Methods and Perspectives, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 53–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A. A New Estimation Of The Mass Of The Milky Way. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Enterprise Architecture Management (Version 1.1) (Superseded by GAO-10-846G). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meng W. Synthesis and design of microwave wideband filters and components. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices’ Vote in Death Case Is Close Again, but Differing. New York Times 2007:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
AbbreviationComput. Struct. Biotechnol. J.
ISSN (print)2001-0370
Structural Biology
Computer Science Applications

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