How to format your references using the Comparative Migration Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Migration Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connor CE (2010) Neuroscience. A new viewpoint on faces. Science 330:764–765
A journal article with 2 authors
Hetherington AM, Woodward FI (2003) The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change. Nature 424:901–908
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee J, Abdeen AA, Kilian KA (2014) Rewiring mesenchymal stem cell lineage specification by switching the biophysical microenvironment. Sci Rep 4:5188
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Patz JA, Hulme M, Rosenzweig C, et al (2002) Climate change: Regional warming and malaria resurgence. Nature 420:627–8; discussion 628

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed J, Hakonen H (2017) Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Satoh S, Nack F, Etoh M (eds) (2008) Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 14th International Multimedia Modeling Conference, MMM 2008, Kyoto, Japan, January 9-11, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hupkens I, Deutz A, Yang K, Emmerich M (2015) Faster Exact Algorithms for Computing Expected Hypervolume Improvement. In: Gaspar-Cunha A, Henggeler Antunes C, Coello CC (eds) Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 65–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Migration Studies.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Brain Synapses Last as Long as Memories Do. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brain-synapses-last-long-memories-do/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Automated Medical Records: Leadership Needed to Expedite Standards Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel BF (2015) Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) Striking Throwback to Kitchen-Sink Sitcoms. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Connor 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hetherington and Woodward 2003; Connor 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hetherington and Woodward 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Patz et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Migration Studies
AbbreviationComp. Migr. Stud.
ISSN (online)2214-594X
Scope

Other styles