How to format your references using the Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Liljas, Biochemistry. Leaps in translational elongation, Science. 326 (2009) 677–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Bialek, D. Botstein, Introductory science and mathematics education for 21st-Century biologists, Science. 303 (2004) 788–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Brad Adams, M.E. Mann, C.M. Ammann, Proxy evidence for an El Niño-like response to volcanic forcing, Nature. 426 (2003) 274–278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.H.P. Law, N. Lukoyanova, I. Voskoboinik, T.T. Caradoc-Davies, K. Baran, M.A. Dunstone, M.E. D’Angelo, E.V. Orlova, F. Coulibaly, S. Verschoor, K.A. Browne, A. Ciccone, M.J. Kuiper, P.I. Bird, J.A. Trapani, H.R. Saibil, J.C. Whisstock, The structural basis for membrane binding and pore formation by lymphocyte perforin, Nature. 468 (2010) 447–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Jarry, J.N. Beneat, Microwave Amplifier and Active Circuit Design Using the Real Frequency Technique, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
W.E. Stempsey, ed., Elisha Bartlett’s Philosophy of Medicine, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Nasdala, O. Beyssac, J. William Schopf, B. Bleisteiner, Application of Raman-based images in the Earth sciences, in: A. Zoubir (Ed.), Raman Imaging: Techniques and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 145–187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces.

Blog post
T. Hale, Incredibly Rare White Risso’s Dolphin Spotted For First Time In Years, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Smart Highways: Challenges Facing DOT’s Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.Z. David, A Practical Approach for Formation Damage Control in Both Miscible and Immiscible CO2 Gas Flooding in Asphaltenic Crude Systems Using Water Slugs and Injection Parameters, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Two Astros-Mets Games Offer Succor to Houston, New York Times. (2017) SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
AbbreviationColloids Surf. B Biointerfaces
ISSN (print)0927-7765
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Medicine
Surfaces and Interfaces

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