How to format your references using the Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Abbott, A physical response to architecture, Nature. 420 (2002) 126.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Rehren, E.B. Pusch, Late Bronze Age glass production at Qantir-Piramesses, Egypt, Science. 308 (2005) 1756–1758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Tang, N.A. Kotov, M. Giersig, Spontaneous organization of single CdTe nanoparticles into luminescent nanowires, Science. 297 (2002) 237–240.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Maruyama, F. Maruyama, Y. Takeuchi, C. Aikawa, Y. Izumi, I. Nakagawa, Intraindividual variation in core microbiota in peri-implantitis and periodontitis, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. McDonnell, D. Sheard, A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
L. Pardo, N. Balakrishnan, M.Á. Gil, eds., Modern Mathematical Tools and Techniques in Capturing Complexity, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Suzumura, Interactions Between Neurons and Microglia During Neuroinflammation, in: A. Suzumura, K. Ikenaka (Eds.), Neuron-Glia Interaction in Neuroinflammation, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Bomb Sniffing Dogs Detect Prostate Cancer With More Than 95% Accuracy, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Standards and Technology: Update of Information About Fee Increases for Measurement Services, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.P. Houger, Generational differences and the impact to employee engagement: A program design, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, At Home, In Any House, New York Times. (2010) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
AbbreviationColloids Surf. B Biointerfaces
ISSN (print)0927-7765
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Medicine
Surfaces and Interfaces

Other styles