How to format your references using the Cognitive Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geller RJ. Shake-up time for Japanese seismology. Nature. 2011 Apr 28;472(7344):407–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohnen D, Tierney ML. Plant science. Plants get Hyp to O-glycosylation. Science. 2011 Jun 17;332(6036):1393–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelly BP, Whiteley A, Tallmon D. The Arctic melting pot. Nature. 2010 Dec 16;468(7326):891.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoege C, Pfander B, Moldovan G-L, Pyrowolakis G, Jentsch S. RAD6-dependent DNA repair is linked to modification of PCNA by ubiquitin and SUMO. Nature. 2002 Sep 12;419(6903):135–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme R. Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Hu X, Xia Y, Zhang Y, Zhao D, editors. Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2015: 12th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2015, Jeju, South Korea, October 15-18, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Pang C, Gu L, Hansen D, Maeder A. Privacy-Preserving Fuzzy Matching Using a Public Reference Table. In: McClean S, Millard P, El-Darzi E, Nugent C, editors. Intelligent Patient Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. How Accurate Is The Martian? 9 Things The Movie Got Right And Wrong [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-accurate-martian-9-things-movie-got-right-and-wrong/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: System Safety Approach Needs Further Integration into FAA’s Oversight of Airlines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Sep. Report No.: GAO-05-726.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda B. Factors that contribute to the stigma of mental illness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. ‘A Coarse Pleasure’ In Stories of Impostors. New York Times. 2014 Jan 12;A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geller 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Geller 2011; Mohnen and Tierney 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mohnen and Tierney 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoege et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Research
AbbreviationCogn. Res. Princ. Implic.
ISSN (online)2365-7464
Scope

Other styles