How to format your references using the Cognitive Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kopelman PG. Obesity as a medical problem. Nature. 2000 Apr 6;404(6778):635–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tosatti E, Prestipino S. MATERIALS SCIENCE: Weird Gold Nanowires. Science. 2000 Jul 28;289(5479):561–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chu L, Xiao K-J, Yu J-Q. Room-temperature enantioselective C-H iodination via kinetic resolution. Science. 2014 Oct 24;346(6208):451–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kokoszka JE, Waymire KG, Levy SE, Sligh JE, Cai J, Jones DP, et al. The ADP/ATP translocator is not essential for the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Nature. 2004 Jan 29;427(6973):461–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Püschl W. Physik des Segelns. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Agosti M, Esposito F, Thanos C, editors. Digital Libraries: 6th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2010, Padua, Italy, January 28-29, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Shimomura Y, Watanabe K, Akasaka F, Kimita K. Fan Out of Japanese Service Engineering - the State of the Art -. In: Hesselbach J, Herrmann C, editors. Functional Thinking for Value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany, May 5th - 6th, 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 15–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. New “Imaginary Meal” Diet Drug Tricks The Body Into Thinking It Has Eaten [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-imaginary-meal-diet-drug-tricks-body-thinking-it-has-eaten/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Innovation Research: Information on Awards Made by NIH and DoD in Fiscal Years 2001 through 2004. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Apr. Report No.: GAO-06-565.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Birtler ER. Group therapy and knowledge of neuroplastic principles: The impact of health literacy on client locus of control in a therapy setting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. A New Press Secretary, for a President at War With the Press. New York Times. 2017 Aug 8;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kopelman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kopelman 2000; Tosatti and Prestipino 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tosatti and Prestipino 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kokoszka et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Research
AbbreviationCogn. Res. Princ. Implic.
ISSN (online)2365-7464
Scope

Other styles