How to format your references using the Cluster Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cluster Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu, P.J.: Early precision compound machine from ancient China. Science. 304, 1638 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinberger, B., Torsvik, T.H.: Absolute plate motions and true polar wander in the absence of hotspot tracks. Nature. 452, 620–623 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Prescher, J.A., Dube, D.H., Bertozzi, C.R.: Chemical remodelling of cell surfaces in living animals. Nature. 430, 873–877 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yeo, M., Lee, S.-K., Lee, B., Ruiz, E.C., Pfaff, S.L., Gill, G.N.: Small CTD phosphatases function in silencing neuronal gene expression. Science. 307, 596–600 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimer, T., Werner, M.: Die Zukunft der Mikrosystemtechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2004)
An edited book
Hoop, H. de, Swart, P. de eds: Differential Subject Marking. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Bentivoglio, M., Nygård, M., Palomba, M., Kristensson, K.: The Biological Clock in Inflammation and Sleep Switch Alterations. In: Pandi-Perumal, S.R., Cardinali, D.P., and Chrousos, G.P. (eds.) Neuroimmunology of Sleep. pp. 87–96. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cluster Computing.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Giant Groundhog-Like Mammal Lived Among Dinosaurs


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aircraft Certification: FAA Can Better Meet Challenges Posed by Advances in Aircraft Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zacher, B.: The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M.: ‘Great Comet’ Shines Bright, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCluster Computing
AbbreviationCluster Comput.
ISSN (print)1386-7857
ISSN (online)1573-7543
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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