How to format your references using the Cluster Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cluster Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trainor, P.: Development. The bills of qucks and duails. Science. 299, 523–524 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez, F.J., Waymouth, R.M.: Polymer synthesis. Catalysts rise to the challenge. Science. 295, 635–636 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul, M., Puchtel, I.S., Walker, R.J.: Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature. 520, 530–533 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Iwasawa, H., Yoshida, Y., Hase, I., Shimada, K., Namatame, H., Taniguchi, M., Aiura, Y.: “True” bosonic coupling strength in strongly correlated superconductors. Sci. Rep. 3, 1930 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agung, I.G.N.: Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore (2011)
An edited book
Misra, S., Woungang, I., Chandra Misra, S. eds: Guide to Wireless Ad Hoc Networks. Springer, London (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Luaran, J.E., Rom, K.B.M., Jain, J.: Attitude on Microteaching: A Study on Third and Fourth Year Science Student Teachers of the Faculty of Education, UiTM. In: Fook, C.Y., Sidhu, G.K., Narasuman, S., Fong, L.L., and Abdul Rahman, S.B. (eds.) 7th International Conference on University Learning and Teaching (InCULT 2014) Proceedings: Educate to Innovate. pp. 51–60. Springer, Singapore (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cluster Computing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Blue Origin Reveals New Glenn Rocket That Will Take Humans Into Orbit,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Savings Opportunity for the United States Mint’s Promotional Mailings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lauterbach, J.R.: Golf in the Collective: Playing in Liminal Space, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: Borrowing to Replenish Depleted Pensions, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCluster Computing
AbbreviationCluster Comput.
ISSN (print)1386-7857
ISSN (online)1573-7543
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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