How to format your references using the Cluster Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cluster Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, G.: Why not have a life? Science. 349, 554 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey, S., Joshi, A.: Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates. Science. 312, 434–436 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Mathis, D., Vence, L., Benoist, C.: beta-Cell death during progression to diabetes. Nature. 414, 792–798 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bessonov, S., Anokhina, M., Will, C.L., Urlaub, H., Lührmann, R.: Isolation of an active step I spliceosome and composition of its RNP core. Nature. 452, 846–850 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., Qiu, D.: Sneak Circuits of Power Electronic Converters. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore (2014)
An edited book
Ludäscher, B., Mamoulis, N. eds: Scientific and Statistical Database Management: 20th International Conference, SSDBM 2008, Hong Kong, China, July 9-11, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Sorour, M.K., El-Sakhawy, A.: On the Evolution of Corporate Governance Culture in Africa: The Case of the Egyptian Banking Sector. In: Howell, K.E. and Sorour, M.K. (eds.) Corporate Governance in Africa: Assessing Implementation and Ethical Perspectives. pp. 69–96. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cluster Computing.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Why Are These Bald Eagles Caring For A Lonely Baby Hawk?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Excise Taxes: Use of Safe Harbor Look-Back Rules. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shabalin, A.A.: Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Before Attempting To Top Opponents, U.S. Open Players Must Beat Traffic, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCluster Computing
AbbreviationCluster Comput.
ISSN (print)1386-7857
ISSN (online)1573-7543
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

Other styles