How to format your references using the Clinical Simulation in Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Simulation in Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. (2015). Textiles: Fabrics of life. Nature, 519(7544), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurzban, R., & Barrett, H. C. (2012). Behavior. Origins of cumulative culture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6072), 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L. Y., Luo, X., & Wang, X. (2001). Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria. Nature, 412(6842), 95–99.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Henry Huang, X. M., Zorman, C. A., Mehregany, M., & Roukes, M. L. (2003). Nanoelectromechanical systems: Nanodevice motion at microwave frequencies. Nature, 421(6922), 496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernando, A., Worrall, S. T., & Ekmekcioǧlu, E. (2013). 3DTV. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Breunig, M., Al-Doori, M., Butwilowski, E., Kuper, P. V., Benner, J., & Haefele, K. H. (Eds.). (2015). 3D Geoinformation Science: The Selected Papers of the 3D GeoInfo 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Do, H., & McDonagh, D. L. (2016). Pediatric Neuroanesthesia. In A. Agrawal & G. Britz (Eds.), Pediatric Vascular Neurosurgery: Principles and Practice of Neurovascular Disorders (Part 1) (pp. 47–56). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Simulation in Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 5). Scientists Discover The Secret Of Why Indian Food Tastes So Good. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Intermodal Transportation: Challenges to and Potential Strategies for Developing Improved Intermodal Capabilities (No. GAO-06-855T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Racho, M. O. (2012). Attributes of Asian American senior leaders who have retained their cultural identity and been successful in American corporations (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chumsky, S. (2013, October 10). Two Legacies, Now Home to Roost. New York Times, p. E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin, 2015; Kurzban & Barrett, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kurzban & Barrett, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Li, Luo, & Wang, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Henry Huang, Zorman, Mehregany, & Roukes, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Simulation in Nursing
AbbreviationClin. Simul. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1876-1399
ScopeModelling and Simulation
Nursing (miscellaneous)

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