How to format your references using the Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pain E (2005) The class of 2005. Belgium: a particle physicist on track. Science 310:521
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sedlak DL, von Gunten U (2011) Chemistry. The chlorine dilemma. Science 331:42–43
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kippenberg TJ, Holzwarth R, Diddams SA (2011) Microresonator-based optical frequency combs. Science 332:555–559
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Gasque G, Conway S, Huang J, et al (2013) Small molecule drug screening in Drosophila identifies the 5HT2A receptor as a feeding modulation target. Sci Rep 3:srep02120

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kampen TU (2010) Low Molecular Weight Organic Semiconductors. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Aral A (2013) Applications of q-Calculus in Operator Theory. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhang W, Cai Y (2010) Isotropic Elasto-Plastic Damage Mechanics. In: Cai Y (ed) Continuum Damage Mechanics and Numerical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 135–215

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Take Step Forward In Quest To Convert Carbon Dioxide To Biofuel. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/scientists-take-step-forward-quest-convert-carbon-dioxide-biofuel/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) Highway Safety: Improved Monitoring and Oversight of Traffic Safety Data Program Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Marlatt ES (2013) Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kasich J (2017) The Way Forward on Health Care. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Research in Cardiology Supplements
AbbreviationClin. Res. Cardiol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1861-0706
ISSN (online)1861-0714
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles