How to format your references using the Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson CM (2004) Protein chemistry. In the footsteps of alchemists. Science 304:1259–1262
A journal article with 2 authors
Makinoshima H, Glickman MS (2005) Regulation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell envelope composition and virulence by intramembrane proteolysis. Nature 436:406–409
A journal article with 3 authors
Lind G, Linsmeier CE, Schouenborg J (2013) The density difference between tissue and neural probes is a key factor for glial scarring. Sci Rep 3:2942
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Grassly NC, Fraser C, Wenger J, et al (2006) New strategies for the elimination of polio from India. Science 314:1150–1153

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzman G CVT VTS De, Raffel T CVT VTS Su (2015) Surgical Patient Care for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Geddes CD, Lakowicz JR (2006) Who’s Who in Fluorescence 2005. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Mohebbi B, Abbasidoust F, Ettefagh MM, Biglari H (2013) Delamination Diagnosis in Composite Beam Using AIS and BGA Algorithms Based on Vibration Characteristics. In: Muñoz-Rojas PA (ed) Optimization of Structures and Components. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 73–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Girl Born With Twin Fetuses In Her Abdomen. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) ADP Procurement: Army Accounting System Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren H (2014) Modification and Characterization of Ordered Mesoporous Carbons for Resorcinol Removal. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) In the Motor City, Success on the Field and Hope Off It. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Research in Cardiology Supplements
AbbreviationClin. Res. Cardiol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1861-0706
ISSN (online)1861-0714
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles