How to format your references using the Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norell MA (2011) Paleontology. Fossilized feathers. Science 333:1590–1591
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro A, Barton NH (2003) Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence--accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes. Science 300:321–324
A journal article with 3 authors
Heil M, Rattke J, Boland W (2005) Postsecretory hydrolysis of nectar sucrose and specialization in ant/plant mutualism. Science 308:560–563
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Favors Z, Wang W, Bay HH, et al (2014) Scalable synthesis of nano-silicon from beach sand for long cycle life Li-ion batteries. Sci Rep 4:5623

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner D (2013) Combined Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wiggan G (2016) Dreaming of a Place Called Home: Local and International Perspectives on Teacher Education and School Diversity. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Auger P, de la Parra RB, Poggiale J-C, et al (2008) Aggregation of Variables and Applications to Population Dynamics. In: Magal P, Ruan S (eds) Structured Population Models in Biology and Epidemiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 209–263

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Ganymede’s Ice and Oceans Stacked Like a Layer Cake. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Teenage Drug Use: Uncertain Linkages With Either Pregnancy or School Dropout. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott D (2010) Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2000) Gimelstob Works the Crowd. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Research in Cardiology Supplements
AbbreviationClin. Res. Cardiol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1861-0706
ISSN (online)1861-0714
ScopeMolecular Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles